La disuguaglianza complessa. Tutte le dimensioni del gender gap nello sport
This paper is aimed to investigate the gender gap in sport as a main topic in sport studies, and doing it through different dimensions. Taking as a starting point the principle of equality as fundamental for access to sports, the paper tries to put out the main dimensions of gender inequality in sport, both as regards the level of access to sport as a right of widespread citizenship and about high competition sport. Gender gap in sport is analyzed through 4 dimensions: a dimension of access for doing active sport (gender play gap), a dimension of formal role attribution as professionals in sport (gender professional gap), a dimension of mediatization aimed to evaluate how differences are in presence and/or representation through media for female sport (gender media gap), and finally a dimension of economic gratification for sport performance (gender pay gap). This four-dimension implemented gap set up a situation to be named as “complex inequality”, a multi-level gap that is still producing a largely unfair situation in social and economic for female sport.