Fuori Luogo. Rivista di Sociologia del Territorio, Turismo, Tecnologia 2022-02-17T16:23:32+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero (direttore) Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>double-blind peer review</em>&nbsp;Journal&nbsp;<strong>“</strong>Fuori Luogo<strong>”</strong>&nbsp;(Italian for “<em>Out of Place</em>”) – founded in 2016 and&nbsp;accredited as scientific journal by ANVUR – discusses and explores the logic and the paradoxes of the relationships occurring in the spaces, places and territories of the social experience. The Journal&nbsp;includes the critical perspective of sociology as a whole and discusses convergences and differences, compliances and non-compliances, appropriateness and inappropriateness of social actions, viewed in the light of the fundamental connection between human behavior and spatial context.</p> <p>Fuoriluogo is a sociological paradigm which demarcates distinction and difference within social phenomena and territorial contexts. For these reasons, the Journal mainly calls for studies and researches focused on contextualized social investigations.</p> Essere flâneur nel terzo millennio 2022-02-16T18:37:26+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero <p>Qualsiasi indagine sul fl neur dovrebbe cominciare con l’occhio di Walter Benjamin puntato&nbsp;su questa ambigua figura urbana, la cui esistenza e il cui significato erano gi  state preannunciate&nbsp;da Baudelaire e altri intellettuali un secolo prima dell’analisi sociologica. Il fl neur, personaggio&nbsp;emblematico delle citt  in via di modernizzazione, arriva e sopravvive fino ai giorni nostri&nbsp;grazie al contributo di alcuni sociologi contemporanei, tra cui Zygmunt Bauman, Keith Tester e&nbsp;in Italia, di Giampaolo Nuvolati solo per citare alcuni tra coloro che in maniera pi  continuativa e&nbsp;appassionata si sono cimentati con questo approccio. Prova di questa dimensione da evergreen&nbsp;questo numero monografico di Fuori Luogo curato dallo stesso Giampaolo Nuvolati (Università&nbsp;di Milano Bicocca) e dalla collega “d’oltrealpe” Lucia Quaquarelli (Universit  Paris Nanterre)&nbsp;che mette a nudo l’evoluzione della flanerie in epoca contemporanea.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Flânerie as a way of living, walking and exploring the city. An introduction 2022-02-17T15:48:02+00:00 Giampaolo Nuvolati Lucia Quaquarelli <p>This issue brings together a set of contributions by scholars from the humanities and the social&nbsp;sciences who revitalise the figure of the fl neur, and the practice of fl nerie, in order to put them&nbsp;to the test with different objects of study, in the light of different methodological and scientific&nbsp;horizons.&nbsp;The notion of flâneur – employed since the late nineteenth century to designate poets, artists,&nbsp;and intellectuals who critically observed people’s behavior while strolling among the crowds,&nbsp;and codified in the influential work of Walter Benjamin (1999) on the “passages” of Paris – is once&nbsp;again of interest for human and social sciences – as a tool for identifying a specific mode of displacement,&nbsp;mobility and exploration of places, a particular type of reflective and perceptive relationship&nbsp;between people and spaces. Relocated from the Parisian arcades to contemporary urban&nbsp;and suburbs agglomerations and commercial malls, the concept of fl neur seems to reflect the&nbsp;modern sense of bewilderment, as well as the craving for new &nbsp;relationships with both places and&nbsp;their inhabitants.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The flaneuse. The oblique gaze in the city 2022-02-16T18:37:37+00:00 Letizia Carrera <p>The streets of 19th-century Paris, defined by Walter Benjamin as the capital of modernity, are the scenario within which the figure of the flâneur appears. Thoughtful walker who mixes with the crowd of the city, without ever getting confused with it, he is the one who reads with his gaze and his slow pace, the signs that modernity leaves in the urban space and makes those signs narratable history. It is a subjective gaze, but made significant by the culture that supports it and which becomes a formidable tool for giving shape to a change that is beginning to take place in the city. The look of the flâneur, like the city he crosses, is masculine. Those same streets and public spaces, which are the privileged object of his walks and observations, are actually closed to women, still relegated, even in the ville lumiere, to domestic spaces or, at most, to those of consumption.</p> <p>In this scenario, a contradictory figure appears, the flâneuse, for many a literary character only, for others only a consumer, for many a fundamental public presence capable of starting a difficult and important path of claiming female urban protagonism. Solitary walker, capable of a different look at the city, at times more intimate, at times intrinsically political, almost never a simple female double of the flâneur.</p> <p>The flânuserie also declined for women is part of a path created by women to conquer the right to public space, far beyond that of consumption, and to narrate the city from their own point of view. If walking appears today even more than in the past a revolutionary gesture that subverts the times of modernity and the present time that has radicalized its constant acceleration, that of women introduces an additional element of rupture. In a fast city and still strongly declined in the masculine, the slow step of the woman is the absolute provocation. The female gaze on the city is the oblique gaze that forces us to change the perspective, which makes evident the limits made invisible by everyday life and routine and claims the right to see the other city and to tell about it.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Flâneur, sensibilité esthétique et culture de consommation 2022-02-16T18:37:30+00:00 Matthieu Letourneux <p>Depuis que Walter Benjamin en a fait l’un des concepts pivots de ses études sur Charles Baudelaire et sur Paris, le flâneur est devenu un terme clé du discours sur la modernité. Mais il en a du même coup hérité des contradictions idéologiques. De fait, l’usage du concept s’est retrouvé clivé entre ses emplois courants et ceux qui se sont imposés dans les discours critiques de la modernité. Il est, suivant les cas, figure de récepteur ou d’auteur, expression d’une nouvelle sensibilité consumériste ou critique du fonctionnalisme marchand, symptôme de l’esthétisation de l’espace médiatique et commercial ou art de la résistance contre ce dernier. Dans cet article, nous chercherons à montrer que l’opposition entre les deux usages du terme, loin d’en affaiblir la portée, est symptomatique des tensions dialogiques qui traversent la modernité. À rebours des pratiques des sciences humaines, qui valorisent un flâneur <em>auctor</em> produisant un discours critique, nous voudrions ici mettre en évidence l’importance du second terme, correspondant davantage aux usages courants du mot, lesquels désignent un flâneur oisif, improductif et superficiel, spectateur plus qu’auteur, dont nous verrons qu’il est, plus encore que le flâneur baudelairien, l’expression de nouvelles sensibilités esthétiques de la modernité.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Flâneuse and the Experience of Modernity 2022-02-16T18:37:44+00:00 Helen Scalway <p class="paragraph"><span class="normaltextrun"><span lang="EN-GB">This essay considers various London street walks in relation to gender. It queries what it is that a</span></span> <span class="normaltextrun"><span lang="EN-GB">flâneuse might seek when she walks in the city, and contrasts this with what she actually experiences. It is structured as a walk around four different parts of London, each dense with meaning, of which three are highly visible and dominant: the Thames Embankment opposite the Houses of Parliament: the Law Courts and Temple (the enclosed areas of the Inns of Court where lawyers practice): the Shard (the Quatari skyscraper at London Bridge), and finally a street market on the Walworth Road. It takes the opportunity to reflect briefly on each of these loaded environments in relation to women and for women walkers, seeking to convey the texture of street experience for the flâneuse. Above all the essay suggests that flâneuserie is a political activity and, as such, a necessary one. It briefly references the work of Walter Benjamin and Henri Lefebvre and concludes with a proposal as to how architects and town planners might more vividly understand womens’ relationship to the street, so that women might gain not only in personal being but also a fuller sense of belonging and therefore a more complete sense of citizenship, a benefit not only for them but for the health of the city.</span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Le flâneur : un géographe dans la ville ? Sur l’œuvre de Jacques Réda 2022-02-17T16:23:32+00:00 Theo Soula <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">Jacques Réda is a french flâneur who explores the city of Paris since the 1970’s. In this article, we would like to show that, somehow, we can compare his poetic works to a geographical study, understanding this expression in a disciplinary way. Wherever poetry is initially far from being compatible with any scientific purpose, researchers have promoted these last years the encounter between literary studies and geography. Réda’s works can illustrate this trend as his writings contain a important spatial dimension. His poetry is indeed strongly realistic, and borrows its realism from a cartographic imaginary. Furthermore, we can compare the area he walks to the «&nbsp;terrain&nbsp;» of a scientist who would make some «&nbsp;relevés topographiques&nbsp;», as Réda says. Finally, the inspiration of the poet come from a geographical conception of the art of writing, placing geography at the heart the artistic process.</span>&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Flâneur: staying on the threshold to look at urban spaces. A way to retrace 2022-02-16T18:37:40+00:00 Francesca Starace <p>The <em>flâneur</em> represents an urban physiognomy which is intrinsically related to the city itself. This notion springs from the works of Baudelaire, who popularised this figure.</p> <p>According to Benjamin, the prototype of the flâneur is Hessel: the two friends started drafting <em>Passagenwerk </em>in 1927, and it was from Hessel that Benjamin learnt the art of strolling. Benjamin produced his first dialectical images on Naples, a city he visited several times since 1924.&nbsp; In Capri he met the actress Asja Lacis, who directed him towards the Marx's works. Moreover, here he wrote the “Gnoseological Preface” to <em>Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels.</em></p> <p>At first, this article discusses Benjamin’s methodology and the general concept of flâneur.&nbsp; Physiognomic perspective, micrological processing and archaeological method are applied to the urban dimension – a theatre of behaviours, therefore a remarkable environment from which to investigate the dynamics of our age. The flâneur occupies the doorstep and seeks urban interstices&nbsp; In the city, time does not flow but settles; ancient and modern times coexist;calculation prevails over sentimentalism. Then it inquires the finding to the above-mentioned method. Other authors, the architect Kracauer and the musicoligist Adorno, are considerate flâneur and they reflect on several cities like Paris, Moscow and Berlin.</p> <p>Generally the correlation is between behavioural aspects and urban forms; architecture witnesses the rhythm of the community and the power games of history; the Baudelairian idea of correspondence is preferred to deterministic &nbsp;relations. Benjamin denies the linearity of time and progress: crossing the city means coming into contact with the “Ur”; his steps on the asphalt awaken an astonishing resonance and the streets became trails or labyrinths. The polarities of the reality are transformed into dialectical images that, assembled together, cause the shock of awakening. The futility of wandering aimlessly becomes a philosophical stance in opposition to modern capitalist society.</p> <p>Subsequently this methodology is transposed to the contemporaneity: the flâneur’s eye can still represent nowadays a valid contribution to inspect reality. The paper analyses the consequences of the stereotypes generated by cultural and film industries on the city of Naples. Benjamin represents the anti-tourists. If tourists look into a shop window, Benjamin sees the phantasmagoria of commodities. If tourists collect typical postcards, he produces dialectical images. The ruins of ancient civilizations, he points out, are converted into a fetish by the tourism industry.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Flanerie on the outskirts. A study in the Savena neighborhood of Bologna 2022-02-16T18:37:46+00:00 Gabriele Manella Barbara Lo Buono <p>This proposal is related to two thematic areas of the call: “flânerie in the ancient era and in the contemporary society” and “flânerie and public space: walking and exploring the city as planning practices”. First, it aims to retrace the historical roots of flânerie and the figure of the flâneur between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: starting from the works of Charles Baudelaire, passing through the contributions of Walter Benjamin and arriving at the recent revival of this technique, both in the Italian and the international debate (Featherstone, 1998; Lentidou, 2006; Nuvolati, 2013; Carrera, 2018). The proposal also intends to highlight the potential role of flânerie at the time of smart city (Nuvolati, 2020), in the belief that this aimless wandering is a tool to imprint new paths to the studies of postmodern city and its outskirts. The exploratory walks of flâneur – witty and open observer, curious researcher endowed with a refined art of gaze, able to pay attention to casual discoveries, anomalies, the marginal of the human being in his daily life – make him able to fix on the details without pre-ordination, to perceive smells, sounds, colors that animate the streets and their users, to rediscover their history and essence and give them new vital lymph to remodel and update their forms where and if this becomes useful or necessary. The use of flânerie is therefore proposed as a technique of cognitive and exploratory research of urban spaces to discover if they are still lived by their inhabitants, how this happens and what are the possible differences in their use compared to a recent past.</p> <p>The proposed case study concerns a part of Savena, a neighborhood, in the south-eastern outskirts of Bologna. Although it is one of the most prestigious districts of the city, the Via Abba area is characterized by a high presence of public housing with visible signs of decay (empty apartments, missing fixtures, peeling plaster, uneven sidewalks, etc.). At the same time, however, this area is characterized by important services and resources for citizens, such as numerous green areas and places for meeting and socializing: the Edmea Pirami park and the Foscherara Elderly Social Center in via Abba, the Domenico Acerbi garden, the Monte Donato and Paleotto parks, the Casa del Gufo center for the elderly, the School of Peace, the Polisportiva Pontevecchio, just to name a few ones (Municipality of Bologna - Quartiere Savena; Collaborate is Bologna - Via Abba).</p> <p>The use of flânerie in this case is aimed not only and not so much to bring out the state of degradation of this area, which is already documented and recognizable even to the "naked eye" by the passer-by. The purpose is rather to identify the use and perception of the "latent resources" of these places: their resilience, the "human capital" they have, the hidden aspects of their vitality. To this end, the integration of the flânerie with the production and use of images is also envisaged, both by the researcher and by the residents and users of Via Abba area.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Bibliographical references</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Benjamin W. É1927-1940] (1999), <em>The Arcades Project</em>, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.</p> <p>Campa R. (2016), “Flânerie. Perdersi nella metropoli”, <em>Rivista di Scienze Sociali</em>, 14 (testo disponibile online al sito <a href=""></a>).</p> <p>Carrera L. (2018), <em>La flânerie. Del camminare come metodo</em>, Progedit, Bari.</p> <p>Collaborare è Bologna – Via Abba: <a href=""></a>.</p> <p>Lentiduou L. (2006), “Urban Social movements: from the ‘right to the city’ to transnational spatialities of flâneur activists”, <em>City</em>, 10: 259-268 (testo disponibile online al sito <a href=""></a>).</p> <p>Featherstone M. (1998), “The Flaneur, the City and Virtual Public Life”, <em>Urban Studies</em>, 35: 909-925 (testo disponibile online al sito <a href=""></a>).</p> <p>Nuvolati G. (2013), <em>L’interpretazione dei luoghi. Flânerie come esperienza di vita,</em> Firenze University Press, Firenze.</p> <p>Nuvolati G. (2020), “Il flaneur perso nella smart city”, <em>Sociologia urbana e rurale</em>, 122: 62-76.</p> <p>Quartiere Savena – Comune di Bologna: <a href=""></a>.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Brief History of Phantasmagorias 2022-02-16T18:37:35+00:00 Federico Castigliano <p>The article underlines the connection between the flâneur, as described in Benjamin's studies, and the emblematic places of the modern consumer society, centered on the symbolic value of the merchandise. First of all, the philosophical meaning of the word "phantasmagoria" will be clarified, analyzing its origin and use, in particular with reference to the Marxist critical tradition that goes from Adorno to the more recent works of Andreotti and Lahiji. The origins of the flâneur in nineteenth-century Paris will be then investigated, emphasizing the relationship between the character of the walker in the metropolis and the literary tradition, the new aesthetics, and the lifestyle that defines modernity. In the central part of the essay, the stages that have marked the history of phantasmagoria will be examined, considering the technological evolution and the type of experiences offered to the consumer: the Parisian passages, the modern metropolis, the department stores, the world’s fair, the shopping malls, the theme parks, the "superplaces" and, finally, the spaces of the virtual architecture. In particular, the latest trends in experiential and omnichannel shopping will be highlighted, to demonstrate the impact of media technology on the use of real and virtual consumer spaces. The hypotheses I am trying to demonstrate are therefore the following: 1. The historical continuity between 19th-century European modernity and the contemporary world. 2. The centrality of the flâneur in the urban scene, considered as an observer and user of the spectacle of the metropolis and the aesthetic experience it offers. 3. The importance of shopping as a ritual, an activity that seems to meet a fundamental need of today's man.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## FLÂNERIE corpo-sa 2022-02-16T18:37:28+00:00 Marcello Signorile <p>Artistic contribution of muschi&amp;licheni</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Melancholic Stimmung between Imaginary and Epistemology. Pop Icons and Wonderful Monstrosities 2022-02-16T18:37:42+00:00 Linda De Feo <p>The melancholy is an aesthetic category oscillating between feeling and emotion. Before to be mediated by conceptual speculation, the melancholic tone took rooted in the <em>archè</em> of Western imaginary. The object of the reflection will be the indissolubility of its relationship both with expressive modes of cultural representations and with fundamental traits of the history of ideas. At least since the age of nihilism, melancholy is conceived as a theoretical model based on the absence of meaning in human existence. It is understood as a cognitive paradigm that insists on disenchantment alongside regret for an allegedly lost ontological foundation. The creativity is a significant cultural reflection of social change. It produces communicative objects, elitist or popular, tries to delineate paths of meaning and identifies traces of destinations. The paper will be focused in particular on the relationship between melancholic affection and science fiction, segment of contemporary pop imaginative heritage, interpretative mode of a metaphysics of virtuality inspired by a chimerical techno-cultural vocation. Fragment of an alchemic genre of narrative, the dystopian science fiction actually represents the unstoppable flow of the life redefined as information, code and symbol. It unravels the knot between the need of the human beings to imagine and the Cartesian reduction of the subjective action to mere calculation. Thus, it resolvs the conflict between the opacity of <em>res extensa</em> and the brilliance of <em>res</em> <em>cogitans</em>. The science fiction demonstrates that allegories and metaphores allow the imagination to adhere to harsh depths of reality and gives the inner space the possibility to show itself, to become monstrous, to live the kaleidoscopic wonder of all irrational tensions, translated into deformations, not always horrific, of experience. The imaginary is a free to give shape to a duty, of which the subject perceives the gravity. It imposes to interpret constantly the technological otherness, it recognizes the problematic existence of immutable essences in the human being and it emphasizes the unfolding in <em>homo technologicus</em> of the aspiration to overcome the biological finiteness.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Linking urban rhythms to emotions: the inevitable emergence of emotions in the covid-19 daily life’s arrhythmia 2022-02-16T18:37:48+00:00 Olga Tzatzadaki <p>The paper aims in highlighting that situations of pandemics and social disasters, such as the recent Covid-19 emergency, have an impact on daily urban rhythms and spatial practices and, as a result, a series of emotions emerge which, in the future, we will have to take seriously in consideration when creating urban policies.</p> <p>Henri Lefebvre, with his book Rhythmanalysis, studied the link between rhythms (cyclical &amp; linear) and cities, in which he also described how the frequency of rhythms in spaces could manifest signs of health or illness (Arrhythmia, Polyrhythmia, Eurhythmia and Isorhythmia). Arrhythmia (otherwise indicated as non-rhythm in greek language), characterized by an unstable frequency and a lack of repetition, is a condition manifesting signs of illness, biologically, but also, according to Lefebvre’s theory, in an individual’s daily life pattern and more generally in urban rhythms. Sudden events, in the micro or macro life, could interfere with frequency and interrupt rhythm. As a result to a sudden interference of rhythm in various scales of our daily lives (economical, social, cultural, etc.), the paper proposes that, a series of negative emotions emerge on the “surface”. Undoubtedly, the emotion-protagonist in a situation of arrhythmia (biological or urban, in our case) is fear, with which individuals but also larger scale systems (cities, activities, institutions, governments, communities, etc.) have to deal with. In the Covid-19 and quarantine situation, the individual had to adapt him/herself to a new daily pattern of life and to change profoundly him/herself routine. Apparently, individuals who managed to maintain a constant daily rhythm, although in quarantine situation (in other words, being eurhythmic inside the Covid-19 arrhythmic situation), seem to be those who managed better their emotional condition. We cannot but ask ourselves, if emotions are also responsible for an individual’s and an entire community’s resilience and quality of life, why they are missing from urban policies and the urban planning agenda.</p> <p>Western culture was founded on the perception of “reason”, which was immediately separated from the “emotion”. In general, the role of emotion in social life and in action, has been denied, or even when it has been taken into consideration, has been negatively addressed. During the development of the western world, analysts were taught to separate cognitive and emotional qualities of judgment and tended to study cognitive rather than emotional relationships. As a result, architecture and planning, our urban space in general, followed specific functions related to our biological rhythms only. We never really understood that emotions can condition the quality of life of the individual in a high level and never tried to incorporate emotional cognition in urban planning policies. We believe more that ever that in the future and as the Covid-19 emergency showed us, we will have to deal with the consequences of negative emotions in our daily lives. Fear, anxiety and depression, all emotions caused from arrhythmic conditions in a micro (individual) or macro (entire communities) level, will eventually have to be incorporated in our future urban policies. Studying urban rhythms and their frequency, could alarm us for eventual malfunctions (micro or macro) and prepare us for their correspondent emotions. Bridging emotions to urban policies seems rather inevitable today. In particular, tackling fear through place-specific public policies seems crucial for providing a quality of life to a community, not only in biological but also in emotional terms.</p> 2021-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Energy Transition and its Societal Challenges. Themes, Gaps and Possible Developments in Sociology 2022-02-15T22:58:21+00:00 Salvatore Monaco <p>The issue of the energy transition, that can be defined as the transition from the use of fossil fuels (in particular coal) to low-carbon energy resources (such as wind, solar and natural gas), is assuming an increasingly central importance in the public debateand has increasingly become the focus of public concern. Scientifically speaking, the challenge and goal of achieving pursuing a more sustainable and fairer low-carbon energy sector globally has encouraged the proliferation of a series of scientific contributions, in various fields of knowledge.</p> <p>The paper shows the results of a literature review on the topic of energy transition. The review takes into consideration a selection of papers taken from international scientific journals with the aim of mapping at a broader level the research on the topic and the issues that were mainly addressed in the years between 2015 and 2020. With the more specific aim of understanding the role of sociology in the international scientific debate on the energy transition, the paper aims to provide an overview of 1) research fields and disciplines; 2) places of publication; 3) research topics and questions.</p> 2021-10-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##