Fuori Luogo. Rivista di Sociologia del Territorio, Turismo, Tecnologia 2022-11-20T20:41:22+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero (direttore) Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>double-blind peer review</em>&nbsp;Journal&nbsp;<strong>“</strong>Fuori Luogo<strong>”</strong>&nbsp;(Italian for “<em>Out of Place</em>”) – founded in 2016 and&nbsp;accredited as scientific journal by ANVUR – discusses and explores the logic and the paradoxes of the relationships occurring in the spaces, places and territories of the social experience. The Journal&nbsp;includes the critical perspective of sociology as a whole and discusses convergences and differences, compliances and non-compliances, appropriateness and inappropriateness of social actions, viewed in the light of the fundamental connection between human behavior and spatial context.</p> <p>Fuoriluogo is a sociological paradigm which demarcates distinction and difference within social phenomena and territorial contexts. For these reasons, the Journal mainly calls for studies and researches focused on contextualized social investigations.</p> Editorial 2022-11-20T10:36:30+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero 2022-11-20T00:43:50+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Social Transitions and Gender: Human Agency to Explain Change 2022-11-20T10:47:39+00:00 Mariella Nocenzi Santina Musolino <p>Gender studies are born and establish themselves as a particular perspective of reading social phenomena as a whole, but also as an area of study oriented towards the analysis and understanding of specific problems and objects of study (Antonelli, 2018). Thanks to their intrinsically dynamic nature, they have proved to be particularly sensitive to changes in an increasingly complex society and capable of adopting theoretical and methodological approaches aimed at promoting their understanding.<br>An example above all, the adoption of the intersectional theoretical approach which, by analyzing the multiple dimensions of the person and the value they have in society, allows us to grasp the hierarchies, asymmetries and various forms of oppression that characterize the position social.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Civil Unions in Italy and Couple Asymmetries 2022-11-20T20:36:37+00:00 Eugenia De Rosa Francesca Inglese Vincenzo Napoleone <p>The approval of the law on Civil Unions (law 20 May 2016 n.76) marked an important step in Italy on the side of institutional and cultural change and the recognition of the rights of LGBT + people with effects also on the cognitive side making it possible to investigate, in a sample or census manner, a specific segment of that population. The aim of this work is to provide a picture of the main socio-demographic characteristics of people in civil union and to carry out initial exploratory analyzes on the existence of any couple asymmetries considering the degree of homogamy / heterogamy between the partners in relation to some indicators of belonging to a group (level of education, occupational status and professional position, territorial mobility and citizenship) as well as the degree of openness and heterogeneity of homosexual couples, of women and men, compared to heterosexual couples.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Doing a "Women's Job". Young Male Retail Workers in the Shopping Streets of Milan and London: Stereotypes, Representations and Models of Masculinities 2022-11-20T20:37:05+00:00 Annalisa Dordoni <div>Starting from an analysis of the scientific literature on models of masculinities in the field of Men's and Masculinities Studies, the results of a qualitative research on retail work, investigated through 2 focus groups and 50 interviews and analysed from a gender perspective, are presented.</div> <div>The paper is focused on the (self) representations of workers in the shopping streets of Milan and London, in particular in the telephony and fast fashion sector, characterized by well known brands of national and multinational companies and by processes of feminization of the workforce&nbsp;linked with gender stereotypes.</div> <div>The research show how the retail work is considered a "women's job", and how it is often taken for granted by male and female retail workers that the boys here employed are homosexual, precisely because of their work activity.<br>Furthermore, thanks to this study a specific model of masculinity, observed in both the research contexts, is identified. This model presents itself as fluid, out of the box, counter-current with respect to the heteronormative and binary pressures present in the contemporary society, and yet includes some ambivalent elements that intersect with each other. In fact, the model emerged from the empirical material evidences also modes of gender expression coherently inserted in the places of consumption and retail, and in a work activity that falls within the sphere of the emotional labour (Hochschild 1983), whose fundamental aspects are specifically the establishing of an empathetic relationship with customers by workers, their listening and their caring for others, and contextually their caring for their own appearance, clothing and aesthetics.</div> <div>Instead, in the telephony sector, on the one hand, the entrenchment of gender stereotypes and, on the other hand, at the same time, a segmentation of them is noted: the sales activity is generically associated with the "feminine", but the issues concerning technical and technological aspects are represented as "masculine".</div> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## La Famiglia-’ndrina Come Dispositivo del Sistema Mafioso. 2022-11-20T20:36:56+00:00 Ombretta Ingrascì <p>L’articolo affronta la questione del potere nella ‘ndrangheta a partire dalla dimensione familiare dell’organizzazione mafiosa, utilizzando le cinque “precauzioni di metodo” suggerite da Michel Foucault durante il corso tenuto nel 1976 al Collège de France. Il contributo colloca al centro dell’analisi il codice dell’onore interpretandolo come un «apparato di sapere» che, in maniera evidente o talvolta latente, orienta le relazioni di genere e generazionali all’interno della famiglia-‘ndrina –unità di base della ‘ndrangheta che corrisponde alla famiglia di sangue. Focalizzandosi sui processi di indottrinamento e sulle complicità femminili nell’esercizio del dominio maschile, l’articolo mostra come mediante la ri-attualizzazione di pratiche volte a controllare le donne, affinché esse siano conformi alle regole onorifiche, o a punirle, nel caso le trasgrediscano, la famiglia funga da dispositivo di sorveglianza per l’intera associazione criminale, rivelandosi in tal modo una fondamentale risorsa per la sua continuità culturale e la sua tenuta criminale. Infatti, le due principali funzioni tradizionali del controllo preventivo e delle punizioni per violazione del codice dell’onore – mantenimento/ripristino della reputazione del gruppo familiare e deterrenza –, sono usate dal clan familiare come strumento sia per dimostrare la propria capacità di protezione, indispensabile al fine di acquisire e conservare il potere territoriale, sia per mantenere coesi i membri del gruppo, evitando delazioni o comportamenti che potrebbero arrecare disordine e attirare di conseguenza l’attenzione delle forze dell’ordine.</p> <p>Le lenti foucaultiane, utilizzate nel contributo, permettono di leggere la famiglia-‘ndrina come un dispositivo non solo repressivo, ovvero di dominazione sulla base di una sovranità, quella maschile, capace di imporre agli individui che ne fanno parte l’obbedienza necessaria al sistema mafioso, ma anche produttivo di forme di vita, di figure della soggettività, di modi di stare al mondo e abitare il legame, che risultano fondamentali per il funzionamento dell’intero ingranaggio, su cui si articola nel suo complesso la macchina organizzativa della ’ndrangheta. In conclusione, l’articolo avanza la tesi secondo cui il potere mafioso non è fatto soltanto da individui che reprimono altri individui, ma di dispositivi complessi di assoggettamento che producono l’humus necessario al suo stesso funzionamento.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Practicing Urban Citizenship in Contemporary Italy. Policies, Practices and Spaces for Same-Sex Parent Families 2022-11-20T20:36:31+00:00 Salvatore Monaco <p>In contemporary society, the national and supranational dimensions are often insufficient to describe the complexity of the citizenship’s processes. In this scenario, the city plays an active role as a political space capable of legitimizing unprecedented models of urban citizenship. Based on the main results of an empirical Italian research and using a micro-sociological perspective, the paper aims to identify four models of urban&nbsp; citizenship experienced by same-sex parents families. In fact, Italian same-sex parents and their children live a condition of partial citizenship at the national level, which is partially counterbalanced by a new urban morphology in which peculiar participatory practices, constructions of a sense of belonging and levels of access to rights and responsibilities take shape.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender Perspectives in Countering and Preventing Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in Europe 2022-11-20T20:37:15+00:00 Valeria Rosato <p>Within the general framework of counter-radicalisation policies, civil society is increasingly perceived as one of the main partners in the development and implementation of counter-radicalisation and prevention strategies. According to the European Commission, in order to effectively address violent extremism, it is necessary to adopt an approach that focuses on the most vulnerable through close cooperation with local communities and, in particular, civil society actors.Within this approach, families have been identified as a priority target for prevention by both policymakers and practitioners in the field of PVE/CVE (Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism). This is because the process of radicalisation of an individual inevitably also involves the family, the circle of friends, the community and the wider society. Moreover, within the family, a crucial role is assigned to the woman, as a mother, both in terms of her ability/possibility to intercept signs of radicalisation and as a mediator within the family and the community.The aim of this paper is to analyse how European countries have included a gender approach in their programmes to counter and prevent violent extremism, highlighting any criticalities and/or strengths.From the analysis of recent studies, it is clear that the many contradictions inherent in these programmes of PVE/CVE are beginning to emerge, in particular, it is highlighted how women are instrumentalised and how a process of gender stereotyping is paradoxically fed. The risk is that women's role is identified and limited to that of a family member (as mother, wife, sister) and that these measures to counter violent extremism based on a “maternalistic” logic have a negative impact, not only on the effectiveness of the measures to counter radicalisation, but also on the real processes of female empowerment and, more generally, on women's rights</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender-Based Violence Realized and Represented in The World of Young People 2022-11-20T20:41:22+00:00 Claudia Santoni <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">The focus of this article is the gender-based violence compared to how it is realized, represented and experienced by the new generations from adolescence.</span></p> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">At the beginning of the article, to confirm the urgency of the topic, will be indicated data that starting from a European framework specify how more and more young women are subjected to violence, which in many cases is attributable to the online dimension. After that, will be indicated the most interesting reflections emerged in this regard and that propose the urgency of new reading keys to read and to understand how the violence is practice among the young people, strengthening a dimension of conflict and opposition that inexorably invades the relational and emotional-affective sphere. This more descriptive part will also be supported by the presentation of national and local data, using the Regional Observatory and the statistics of Anti Violence Center operating in the territories.</span></p> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">Specific measures should be reinforced in order to intercept requests for help and information from young people. In this sense, an example, is an action-research project entitled <em>“Genere-azione: Ciack si gira contro la violenza. Dal dialogo a fare prevenzione”, </em>which has produced, among other actions, an awareness-raising campaign designed by young people for young people.</span></p> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">Violence should no longer be regarded as a natural way of expressing one’s feelings. Among the means of combating violence against women, one of the most effective of these is the education one, and it is no coincidence that in the Istanbul Convention, prevention is the first measure to be taken to promote change in behaviour leading to violence against women.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Female Body, Rape, War: Sexual Subjugation of Women as a Symbol of Hegemony and Political-National “Othering” in the Genocide of Bosnia 2022-11-20T20:37:53+00:00 Laura Sugamele <p>The aim of this research is to focus on rape used as a “tool” of war, a theme connected to the representation of the female body as a transfiguration of a symbolic “crossing” by an oppressor group over an oppressed group. In particular, in this essay, whose topic focuses on mass rape in the Bosnian-Serb conflict, it will be relevant to reflect on the connection between female body and national representation, in order to understand the intrinsic aspects of rape which refer to the intentional act of causing a radical social-sexual denigration. In this way, the sexual violence against Bosnian women, carried out by Serbian nationalists became the founding premise of a total political hegemony, which, by sexually destroying the female body, defined its own national superiority. Thus, in the Bosnian-Serb conflict, the political meaning of the female “body” is highlighted as a paradigm of a binary logic of sexual difference, an aspect that has its strength in the sexual component; in these perspective, sexual violence agianst women, structures a society on new reproductive-procreative bases. From this point of view, the denigration of the female body in sexual terms, has the main aim of destroying a group considered to be an enemy. In this sense, war is characterised by a “feminised” and “sexualised” representation of women’s bodies, the image of which, within a context that is not only national, but also masculine and patriarchal, is firmly anchored on a dichotomous hierarchy and on a cultural construction of female subalternity. &nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New farmers and eco-social transformation for inner areas: processes of innovation and social construction of quality in Trentino Alto-Adige and Liguria 2022-11-20T10:36:27+00:00 Francesca Uleri Susanne Elsen Alessandra Piccoli <p>Despite perpetuate dynamics of marginalization-peripheralization which have characterized the nuanced profile of the Italian inner areas, currently, it is possible to intercept in these territories marked by significant processes of deagrarianization and depeasantization, a parallel trend of return to the land. This (re)discovered attraction for the “art of farming” in &nbsp;the “difficult countryside” reflects &nbsp;the emergence of a new demand for stability addressed to these territorial contexts by new generations of farmers who aspire to start with a newly emerging entrepreneurial idea or in some cases, to continue a previous family tradition. The article focuses on the role that young farmers have in triggering a process of territorial regeneration and eco-social transformation in inner areas. In doing so, the analysis develops through the identification of the sub-processes of innovation and social construction of the quality of the products and services provided by the new generations of farmers in different Alpine valleys in Trentino Alto-Adige and Liguria. The activity of new farmers contributes to make emerge inner areas not as passive perceivers of macro-economic dynamics, rather as active and dynamic &nbsp;social spaces within which territorial uniqueness &nbsp;regains value in new business strategies, also influencing social representation of quality. Furthermore, with the activation of specific innovation strategies, farms diversify their functions thus contributing to reshape the profile of the territory and significantly determine its capacity to connect with the “outside”.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Vulnerabilità e territorio. Uno studio sulla condizione dei residenti stranieri tra questione abitativa, strutture familiari e reddito 2022-11-20T10:36:44+00:00 Marta Scocco Maria Letizia Zanier <p>La vulnerabilità costituisce un fenomeno complesso, dal momento che presenta dimensioni di tipo sociale e materiale che investono contemporaneamente molteplici sfere della vita quotidiana delle persone sul piano individuale, su quello familiare e in rapporto alle appartenenze di gruppo. A ciò vanno aggiunti gli aspetti che riguardano il perseguimento del benessere, il senso di identità e l’appartenenza sociale (Ranci, 2002a). Di conseguenza, i territori che presentano un elevato potenziale di vulnerabilità richiedono di essere destinatari di un'attenzione particolare rispetto allo studio e alla programmazione di interventi pubblici rivolti al contrasto delle situazioni di rischio (ISTAT, 2020b). Tra i diversi gruppi sociali, gli immigrati si distinguono dalle consuete fasce della popolazione autoctona esposte a condizioni di fragilità materiale e sociale per il fatto di essere ancora più vulnerabili per alcune loro caratteristiche intrinseche (Reyneri, 2007).&nbsp;Obiettivo del presente contributo è l’approfondimento del fenomeno della vulnerabilità in riferimento a un particolare contesto di studio, l’<em>Hotel House</em> di Porto Recanati. I dati raccolti nel quadro di due Progetti FAMI (2019-2021) all’interno di questo sistema condominiale, a forte presenza di residenti di origine straniera, sono analizzati considerando alcune importanti dimensioni della vulnerabilità individuate dall’IVMS (ISTAT, 2020b): questione abitativa, strutture familiari e reddito. Per quanto la mancanza/scarsità di reddito rappresenti, senza dubbio, un importante indicatore di vulnerabilità, esso non è certamente l’unico riferimento da tenere in considerazione. Infatti, le tendenze rilevate e discusse confermano come sia importante monitorare ulteriori variabili, con l’obiettivo di tenere sotto controllo potenziali situazioni di vulnerabilità o, meglio ancora, di strutturare misure di politiche pubbliche per fronteggiare in modo integrato le situazioni di rischio. Le evidenze mostrano, in modo particolare, come in una popolazione di origine straniera, tendenzialmente stanziale, la qualità dell’abitare, le strutture familiari, il reddito inteso come inserimento stabile nel mercato del lavoro e l’istruzione siano non solo indicatori indispensabili per comprendere potenziali fattori di esclusione sociale, ma costituiscano anche dimensioni strettamente interconnesse e interdipendenti.</p> 2022-11-20T09:30:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Places as Active Metaphors. Seaside Beaches between Empowerment and Bolkestein: in Search of a Balance 2022-11-20T10:37:19+00:00 Sarah Siciliano <p>The objective of this contribution is to critically analyze, from a socio-cultural point of view, the preliminary question of bathing establishments between the demands of free competition guaranteed by the Bolkestein directive and those of the protection, exceptional nature / cultural identity of places to empower. Everything, starting from focusing on the state of the art, using the humanities, and sociology in particular, to understand the cultural, communicative, collective, economic, social and legal implications deriving from the application of this law in Italy on bathing facilities. The reference frame of my reflection is the text of the Faro Convention, a framework convention of the European Community that looks at cultural heritage as the result of the relationship with the communities that created it, showing us that places and objects are important for the meanings and uses that we all attribute to them and for the values ​​they represent, and commits the member states to recognize cultural heritage as a right and fundamental element for "human development and the quality of life" (CETS No. 199).</p> <p>Through the heuristic model of the "evolving circle", a sociological data analysis tool developed by the Laboratory of Communication and Empowerment of Places of the University of Salento, the article proposes a new way of looking at the explored theme and, consequently, to interpret it in order to know every possible variable, to be evaluated case by case, overcoming dualistic or political approaches oriented from a single point of view or from visions crushed by mono-disciplinary perspectives, to direct management policies aimed at empowerment.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Letture a 3T 2022-11-20T10:46:48+00:00 Arianna Calderamo Marianna Coppola Sara Corradini Antonella Pilozzi 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [FLXI Gender] Interview with Caterina Satta. 2022-11-20T10:54:02+00:00 Santina Musolino 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##