Fuori Luogo. Rivista di Sociologia del Territorio, Turismo, Tecnologia 2021-09-11T11:58:50+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero (direttore) Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>double-blind peer review</em>&nbsp;Journal&nbsp;<strong>“</strong>Fuori Luogo<strong>”</strong>&nbsp;(Italian for “<em>Out of Place</em>”) – founded in 2016 and&nbsp;accredited as scientific journal by ANVUR – discusses and explores the logic and the paradoxes of the relationships occurring in the spaces, places and territories of the social experience. The Journal&nbsp;includes the critical perspective of sociology as a whole and discusses convergences and differences, compliances and non-compliances, appropriateness and inappropriateness of social actions, viewed in the light of the fundamental connection between human behavior and spatial context.</p> <p>Fuoriluogo is a sociological paradigm which demarcates distinction and difference within social phenomena and territorial contexts. For these reasons, the Journal mainly calls for studies and researches focused on contextualized social investigations.</p> The methodological legacy of Beck’s lesson 2021-09-11T11:58:01+00:00 Fabio Corbisiero 2021-09-10T08:55:43+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reassembling the unsustainable. The agri-food supply chains in transformation, under the lens of Sociology 2021-09-11T11:58:12+00:00 Domenica Farinella 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Local agriculture, agri-food chains and sustainability: theoretical issues and policy indications 2021-09-11T11:58:40+00:00 Valentina Moiso Domenica Farinella <p>Le filiere del cibo sono state al centro di profonde trasformazioni nei decenni passati, a fronte di un debole interesse degli studi sociologici da un lato e di un basso impatto sull’opinione pubblica dall’altro. Il dibattito sviluppato all’interno delle scienze sociali italiane negli ultimi anni presenta però elementi di notevole originalità, collegandosi con la letteratura internazionale nell’analisi delle dinamiche globali della distribuzione di valore a sfavore delle realtà locali e portando alla luce l’intensificazione dei processi di sfruttamento dei lavoratori e dell’ambiente. Il ruolo fondamentale rivestito dalle filiere nella tenuta del sistema socio-economico durante il periodo di lockdown iniziato a marzo 2020, inoltre, ha riattivato nell’opinione pubblica l’interesse sulle modalità e sulle condizioni con cui i prodotti agricoli e i loro derivati vengono prodotti e distribuiti. Temi centrali a questo proposito sono la lunghezza e l’articolazione delle filiere, la qualità delle materie e il tipo di regime agricolo, questioni che vengono fortemente impattate dalla politica agricola di riferimento: nel frame del contesto europeo, le direzioni su cui insiste la regolamentazione nazionale sono rivelatrici di priorità e criticità dell’agenda politica italiana nei confronti della questione agricola. Al proposito, nel decreto rilancio (DL. 34/2020) sono stati destinati fondi pari a 1.150 milioni di euro per sostenere l’agricoltura del nostro paese, con una specifica voce a favore delle filiere.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Value chains and food in the days of COVID-19. An exploratory research on short supply chains in Italy 2021-09-11T11:58:19+00:00 Alessandra Corrado Marco Fama <p>The debate on the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has had on the agri-food system is animated by contrasting positions. While some authors tend to emphasize the great resilience shown by food chains at a global level, others argue that the pandemic is exacerbating the contradictions that characterize the industrial agri-food system. The article aims to contribute to this debate by analyzing the effects of the pandemic on the Italian agri-food system. The authors analyze the way the pandemic crisis has affected the diverse agri-food chains, particularly focusing on short supply chains. Short supply chains are generally portrayed as a valid alternative to the dominant agri-business model, although more needs to be learned about their actual strengths and weaknesses. The pandemic provides an opportunity to test whether short supply chains are able to react to a global shock. It also serves to shed light on the factors that may affect, both positively and negatively, the capacity of short supply chains to address ongoing transformation of the "environmental and corporate" food regime. Starting from this assumption, the article presents the results of qualitative research exploring the reactions that short supply chains displayed to cope with the problems that emerged in the aftermath of the pandemic outbreak. As the authors show, the pandemic has highlighted some weaknesses of short supply chains. At the same time, these supply chains have also shown a great resilience and capacity for innovation. In any case, the pandemic has provided important indications to be considered at a policy level.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Heroic figures and fertile soils for the social sustainability of agricultural supply chains. The cases of Spartacus and Humus in the Italian panorama 2021-09-11T11:58:42+00:00 Davide Donatiello Fabio Mostaccio <p>The pandemic crisis has highlighted the weakness of the Italian agricultural sector and the fact that policies adopted so far have shown inadequate. According to these considerations, the paper is focused on social sustainability in agri-food supply chains, introducing some critical issues - such as the ineffectiveness of public action to support the immigrant workforce - and an in-depth analysis of two case-studies developed in two different local contexts. The first is the experimental project <em>Spartacus</em>, carried on in the Piana di Gioia Tauro (Reggio Calabria), which aims to create a Service Center for farms and immigrants increasing the coordination between supply and demand in labour market, supporting immigrants to get a decent home and encouraging the socio-cultural integration of labourers. The second case is the <em>Humus</em> Job platform, in Val Grana (Cuneo), which was born to encourage the arrangement of networks among local farms, fostering network agreement based on job sharing circuits. Both initiatives promote the social sustainability of work in agriculture and can represent a viable way to innovate national public policy regarding the regulation of labour relations within agricultural supply chains.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The commodity system of "fourth range" salads in Italy: information technologies, logistics and the "fear of foreign bodies" 2021-09-11T11:58:17+00:00 Martina Lo Cascio Domenico Perrotta <p><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">This article focuses on the commodity system of “fourth range” salads in Italy, in particular in the province of Bergamo (Lombardia region, Northern Italy) and in the Piana del Sele (Campania region, Southern Italy). With the aim of contributing to the debate on the "Made in Italy food consensus”, with its idea of ​​quality linked to tradition and environmental sustainability, we focus on a production with a very different definition of what “quality” means: the fourth range commodity system proudly represents itself as “industrial” and based upon innovations in technology; it tends to overshadow the relationship with traditions and typicality, it poses problems of environmental sustainability and considers the “land” itself as a problem and not as a value. Fourth range products are mostly distributed by big retail chains and, over the last thirty years, they have represented an innovation in production, processing and consumption. After a short description of the structure of this commodity system, we move to the analysis of the interviews, focusing on two issues: first, the importance of information technology and logistics and, second, the representation of this food as a “service” as well as a “product”, and in which the presence of “foreign bodies” in the plastic bags is considered something that must be absolutely avoided. The article is based on qualitative empirical research, in particular on 58 in-depth interviews, with farmers and farmworkers; workers, managers and technicians of processing plants; representatives of labour cooperatives, producer organizations, and trade unions, in both Lombardy and Campania.</span></span></span></p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Migrant integration policy in Sweden after 2015. A revised approach in the shadow of the migration crisis 2021-09-11T11:58:33+00:00 Monika Banaś <p>This article investigates a modified approach to the principles of migrant integration policy in Sweden – the highest ranked country included in the Migration Integration Policy Index (MIPEX 2015). The modified approach has two main causes: a weaker than initially assumed effectiveness of integration mechanisms applied until 2015 and the migration crisis of 2015 with its global and regional effects. The text critically analyses one of the most important areas of the integration policy – the labour market seen in a broader context including other dimensions of integration, like family reunification, political participation or access to nationality. Based on field research carried out in Sweden in 2018 and 2019, supplemented with a critical analysis of the literature on the subject, I conclude that integration concepts and solutions employed did not fully meet the stated goals. This deficit can be observed in the labour markets’ still present and in some cases increasing gaps between the autochthons and the migrants. Much more organizational and financial effort must be directed towards the areas of ​​education and schooling. In addition, in all of the domains, a more active participation of migrants is required.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## La città ostile: architetture e strategie dell’esclusione nelle metropoli contemporanee 2021-09-11T11:58:31+00:00 Santina Musolino Emanuele Rossi <p>All the societies known so far have always devised strategies to be applied towards those who, not having a stable position within the social space, are perceived as a threat to order, security and decorum. It is a humanity declared useless, inimical and superfluous object of unprecedented strategies of action which, depending on the circumstances, produce indifference, separation and exclusion (Bauman 2007).<br>Among these strategies, an unprecedented urban space design better known as “hostile architecture” (Petty 2016; Savicic, Savic 2012) assumes particular interest within contemporary metropolises, which basically takes the form of a security and disciplining social and structural problems, linked above all to marginalization and poverty.<br>The paper will therefore propose a sociological reflection on these strategies and, in particular, on what is configured as a real “architecture of order” (Di Cesare 2020; Ascari 2019), that is a type of architecture that implies a massive presence within our cities of urban furnishings such as spikes, protrusions, benches with bollards, metal nets, fences and obstacles of all kinds that have the task of making the life of those already on the edge of the city even more complicated: poor, foreigners, countercultures (Ascari 2019). Taking into consideration the national and international literature on the subject, this contribution will try to reconstruct the dynamics and social effects of a way of conceiving the city in which security and control tendencies represent a real war against the most fragile and marginal people, outlining an idea of an increasingly hostile and repulsive city.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Race to the House in the Attractive City: the Access to Housing for Young People in Milan 2021-09-11T11:58:24+00:00 Igor Costarelli Silvia Mugnano Alessandra Terenzi <p>From EXPO 2015 to the COVID-19 pandemic, Milan has been experiencing a period of urban attractiveness and competitiveness on both national and international level. The opportunities generated by a dynamic job market and the high-quality university training have contributed to attract an increasingly large share of young people to the city. However, many youth struggle to access affordable housing in the city as rents are very high and there is a lack of adequate public housing policies to support such demand. This paper investigates the housing pathways of young newcomers to Milan in search for work or study opportunities. Through the analysis of 44 semi-structured interviews with young students and workers between 20 and 35, this paper discusses the lights and shadows of urban attractiveness. While the city has a strong appeal to young people, it is not inclusive for those on low-income. In this context, promoting inclusive housing policies for the younger generations is a necessary condition to guarantee equality of opportunity and social mobility.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sustainable Development and Tourism: the Case of Lanzarote Island in the Light of the 2030 Agenda 2021-09-11T11:58:29+00:00 Isabella Crespi Annalisa Salvi <p>Sustainability is an issue whose importance has steadily increased in the last decades, becoming more and more a priority than just a set of good practices. This is proved by the charts and treaties that have been ratified since the end of the 80s, starting with the UN’s “Brundtland Report”<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a> and its first definition of “sustainable development”, up to the present, with the “2030 Agenda for sustainable development” issued in 2015: a set of 17 goals that all adhering countries should pursue to assure a sustainable future for the generations to come. In the meanwhile, in 1995, the “Charter for sustainable tourism” was published in Lanzarote, one of the eight Canary Islands, declaring that tourism undoubtedly plays a key role in contributing to sustainability, since it can promote destinations and offer services that pay attention to the local environment, economy, culture and society, in other words, to “heritage”. It did not happen by chance that Lanzarote was chosen as the cradle of sustainable tourism: although its fame spread much later than other islands of the archipelago, its development was carefully planned, carried out and managed to prevent any damage to local culture and landscape; it was thanks to the prominent figure of the artist César Manrique and his idea of a network of tourist sites, the <em>Centers of Art, Culture and Tourism</em> (also known as CACT), that Lanzarote has become an outstanding example of a sustainable tourist destination. In this article, we are going to explore the case study of Lanzarote and its seven Centers of Art, Culture and Tourism, opened between 1968 and 1990, intending to prove that they were a pioneering example of sustainability long before the “Brundtland Report” was issued and that they still are, thanks to the current management company. Moreover, we will support our argument by considering the 17 goals of the “2030 Agenda for sustainable development”, as well as the 12 goals for sustainable tourism issued by the Wto, proving that this network of tourist sites meets many of them, and continues to improve itself.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Understandig Territory from an Online Perspective: Twitter and New Ways to do Research on Urban Phenomena 2021-09-11T11:58:38+00:00 Noemi Crescentini Ciro Clemente De Falco Marco Ferracci <p>In the era of the data revolution (Kitchin, 2014), new kinds of data and data sources allow researchers to share innovative ways of studying society and its dynamics to comprehend the peculiarities related to the territory. In fact, the analysis of space-time data extracted from social media can support the comprehension of complex social phenomena such as, for example, mobility (Noulas, Scellato, Lathia, &amp; Mascolo, 2012; Yuan et al., 2017; Zhang et al., 2016) or where and when certain social activities are carried out, such e.g., the participation in big events, tourist experiences or the monitoring and management of emergencies and security.</p> <p>Following the actual dissemination of use of social media in the cities, the analysis of the spatial dimension is considered particularly promising in the field of urban analysis (Singleton et al., 2018) and in the emerging line of digital studies.&nbsp; Nowadays, the intentional action of many people is increasingly contributing to the production and sharing of spatial data with a relevant impact on the construction of Territorial Information Systems (Zupi, 2017). This new category of spatial data is commonly known "Volunteered Geographic Information" (VGI) (Goodchild, 2007). The analysis of this kind of data leads to an innovative scenario for the collection and diffusion of geographic information from millions of users all over the world. It provides valuable insight into their perceptions and needs, opinions on places, events, and daily routes, which allow researchers to better follow traces about the knowledge of the local identities of a given place (Campaign, 2014), information flows, and social networks within society (Stefanidis et al., 2013).</p> <p>However, a clear awareness of the limits of these tools of investigation is needed. For instance, problems may arise regarding representativeness of population, or even technical issues, such as for scarping systems which are not able to offer all the effective amount of data available to the researcher.&nbsp; Despite this, these kinds of studies are taking hold in the social sciences which are paying particular attention to both data and source contextualisation.&nbsp; As a result, they are interesting and valid tools to study issues that classic instruments are not able to perform.</p> <p>Among the different kinds of digital platforms, Twitter allows the combination of textual and geo-referenced data, making this platform an interesting choice, for instance, to detect or monitor different kinds of events (Korkmaz et al.,2015), or it could be used to study the dissemination of influence (Generous et al., 2014).&nbsp; Algorithms are, in this way, extraordinary tools for organising and spreading information. According to these claims, our work aims to understand, both theoretically and methodologically, how the research about territory, as a field of study, has been adapted to prolifically use data coming from algorithms of geo-location or geoparsing (Middleton et al, 2018).Specifically, this work aims to critically discuss the elements and the steps that characterize this emerging approach in order to highlight how the use of geo-localized data can be advantageous for territorial analysis and for which kinds of phenomena..Thus,&nbsp; after showing the most commonly used ways of collecting information about territory using algorithms, we will discuss strategies and techniques of analysis used to combine online (social media) and offline (territorial) sources and try to identify the possible applications for each type of technique. Moreover, a third step allows us to identify the different meanings and operational processes made regarding the concept of territory. That will allow us to recognize the different conceptions of sociological space emerging from the analysis and suggest how to avoid the use of geo-localized data with a simple data-driven perspective (Kitchin, 2014) that does not consider the sociological peculiarities of the space. We will try to answer these questions by examining papers that used Twitter as the source of data. In particular, the analysis of articles will be led thanks to a third kind of content analysis following Rositi’s categorisation (Rositi, 1988). Also, the extraction of the articles will be made using PRISMA methodology (Moher et. Al, 2018) for systematic review.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Social Construction of Space in an Urban Border of Rome Marginalization, Crime and Security Policies in Montespaccato 2021-09-11T11:58:26+00:00 Vittorio Martone Nicola Cavallotti <p>In the last few years, a complex and polycentric debate on marginal territories has taken shape, rekindling attention on the inner areas and the urban peripheries, where contradictions, inequalities and conflicts materialize, but where old and new forms of solidarity and social innovation are also activated and reactivated. This double essence shows only part of the complexity of these urban frontiers, which cannot be represented with a one single perspective. This essay aims at providing a contribution to this debate, examining the results of a case study carried out in a suburban area of Rome, observing two phenomena: the processes of marginalization, concentration of poverty, social disorganization, and political disaffection; the genesis of criminal phenomena, the urban security and law enforcement policies. The case study focuses on Montespaccato, in the north-west outskirts of the Capital. A <em>borgata</em> built at the beginning of the 1900s, during the urban expansion in the Roman countryside, which today has the characteristics of an urban frontier, an area with vague social boundaries, a lack of places of attraction and opportunities, as well as an urban configuration lacking compared to the needs of the inhabitants. In this scenario, recent judicial inquiries have shown the presence of organized crime groups, capable of territorial control executed through the threat but also the use of violence, leading to a subjugation of the local economy. To understand the coexistence of these phenomena, the case study aims at understanding the construction (or production) of territoriality in a Roman <em>borgata</em> in a social and historical key, meaning the territory as a constantly acted and (re) built process in its socio-cultural, political, economic, and ecological dimensions. Our thesis is that criminal phenomena must be situated in the historical process of transformation of the periphery and in the rupture of the community. Spontaneism, informality, disobedience and anti-politics have over time connoted the active periphery of the <em>borgata</em> making a “center on the edge”. The processes of modernization, individualization and secularization, the rupture of the community ties of provenance have fuelled the urban polarity by marginalizing the suburbs, reducing the spontaneous social control and the levers for regulating public life by the public and private institutions of the territory.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Arte pubblica e rigenerazione urbana: il caso del quartiere Aurora a Torino 2021-09-11T11:58:45+00:00 Sara Mela <p>Many studies have addressed the delicate relationship between art and gentrification, sometimes emphasizing the role played by artists in creating an attractive context for the workers of the new creative class, other times assigning them a certain responsibility in producing gentrification effects. This article aims at understanding whether and how the work of artists can contribute to the regeneration of the suburbs without producing gentrification effects. While any action aimed at improving public space can run the risk of producing gentrification effects, for some interventions the risk seems more significant. Empirical investigation has been carried out through a campaign of interviews with privileged witnesses in the Aurora neighborhood in the northern suburbs of Turin, bringing to light a variety of initiatives that move with the aim of bringing attention to the suburbs without producing gentrification: small-scale projects with a temporary nature, carried out together with the inhabitants, careful to places, focused on immaterial aspects (building relationships, giving voice, bringing new energy, spreading creativity, etc.). At the same time, also the effects produced in terms of regeneration seem limited: the experiences seem to be disconnected one from each other, giving the image of artistic bubbles, struggling to find a common direction and coordinated working methods. Artists themselves move solitarily, without finding the right support in public institutions, which struggle to embrace the innovative scope of these experimentations within a more general framework of a political project. An important issue is therefore the need for institutions to be able to engage with initiatives that have arisen spontaneously, ensuring impact on a broader scale, while at the same time enhancing their innovative scope: offering public institutions ideas for a different use of the city.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Esperienze di emigrazioni. Gli Italiani a Shanghai 2021-09-11T11:58:36+00:00 Grazia Moffa Marianna Chirivi <p>Lo stato dell’arte delle migrazioni contemporanee e i problemi che emergono nel dibattito più allargato</p> <p>richiedono, rispetto al processo migratorio che ha raggiunto da tempo una dimensione globale, un punto</p> <p>di osservazione che consideri la nuova complessità della geografia delle migrazioni dovuta alla</p> <p>sovrapposizione delle rotte dei flussi (Calvanese, 1992; Castles e Miller, 1993). Paesi di tradizionale</p> <p>emigrazione, come l’Italia, si ritrovano ad essere contemporaneamente aree di emigrazione ed</p> <p>immigrazione, ovvero aree di transizione migratoria. In questa prospettiva, la migrazione non coinvolge</p> <p>solo coloro che migrano ma agisce nella società nel suo complesso ed è origine di nuove ibridazioni</p> <p>culturali; si configura come un vero e proprio fatto sociale che ridisegna il paesaggio politico, economico,</p> <p>culturale e sociale del mondo contemporaneo (Castles e Miller, 1993). In questo quadro, il territorio –</p> <p>inteso tanto come paese di partenza quanto come paese di arrivo – si individua come importante punto</p> <p>di osservazione per studi e ricerche sul tema (Moffa, 2014).</p> <p>Un ulteriore elemento da considerare sulle nuove migrazioni è l’ampia diversificazione dei modelli e</p> <p>degli status (Castles e Miller, 2012). In questa prospettiva, le motivazioni della scelta di emigrare non</p> <p>possono ricondursi sic et simpliciter ad aspetti meramente economici bensì si articolano all’interno di un</p> <p>continuum che richiede nuovi approcci interpretativi (Moffa, 2014; San Filippo, 2017) che tengano conto</p> <p>di aspetti e prospettive diverse. Con riferimento al contesto italiano, sul piano macro – come evidenziano</p> <p>alcuni studi – la ripresa dell’emigrazione si caratterizza per i nuovi fattori di spinta e attrazione che si sono</p> <p>determinati rispettivamente nel contesto nazionale ed internazionale; sul piano micro è interessante</p> <p>analizzare quanto si determina nei luoghi di arrivo, a seguito delle relazioni che i migranti instaurano tra i</p> <p>territori (paese di arrivo-paese di partenza).</p> <p>Nel panorama delle statistiche sulle migrazioni internazionali – con riferimento ai dati ufficiali</p> <p>dell’A.I.R.E. (Anagrafe Italiani Residenti all’Estero), seppure non esaustivi rispetto alla reale dimensione</p> <p>del fenomeno – si rileva una progressiva crescita di iscrizioni di cittadini italiani residenti all’estero. In</p> <p>particolare, colpisce il costante aumento di iscritti all’Anagrafe consolare con sede nella Repubblica</p> <p>Popolare Cinese. Al 2019, secondo i dati del Ministero degli Affari esteri e della Cooperazione</p> <p>Internazionale, gli Italiani iscritti ammontano a 10.779 unità, rilevando un incremento di 1.417 iscritti</p> <p>rispetto al 2017. Sempre con riferimento al 2019 il 36% degli iscritti sono registrati presso il Consolato</p> <p>Generale di Shanghai. Nell’insieme si registrano fenomeni piuttosto significativi che invitano a riflettere</p> <p>su quali dimensioni, più di altre, agiscono nella scelta di emigrare e quali aspetti caratterizzano il profilo</p> <p>degli italiani che decidono di intraprendere un’esperienza di emigrazione in Cina, sia pur temporanea.</p> <p>Sotto questo aspetto, ci muoviamo su un terreno ancora poco esplorato, non esistono dati che ci</p> <p>permettono di andare oltre la quantificazione del fenomeno.</p> <p>A partire da questo scenario, nel 2018 il Centro di Documentazione sulle nuove Migrazioni</p> <p>(Ce.Do.M.-UNISA) dell’Università degli Studi di Salerno ha promosso e condotto una ricerca con</p> <p>tecniche di analisi qualitativa su alcune esperienze di emigrazione a Shanghai. Le riflessioni si basano su</p> <p>cinquantatré interviste1 in profondità e si inseriscono in un progetto ben più ampio volto ad analizzare le</p> <p>caratteristiche e le dinamiche dei flussi emigratori che hanno interessato il nostro Paese a partire dalla</p> <p>recessione economica del 2008; nell’idea che lo studio di tali movimenti aiuti a comprendere la società</p> <p>italiana nel suo insieme. Nel merito, il lavoro si snoda secondo due specifiche direzioni di analisi: la prima</p> <p>volta a tracciare il profilo socio-culturale dei soggetti intervistati, attraverso la ricostruzione delle proprie</p> <p>traiettorie di vita, di formazione e di lavoro, delle reti familiari e delle relazioni amicali nel luogo di</p> <p>partenza e di arrivo (Shanghai). La seconda direzione di analisi è focalizzata sul luogo di arrivo considerato</p> <p>come luogo di esperienze individuali e collettive: sul nuovo contesto di vita, sulle opportunità che offre</p> <p>o sulle criticità che si vivono, oltre che sulle rappresentazioni e sui significati che gli intervistati</p> <p>attribuiscono alle loro esperienze in un contesto territoriale non occidentale.</p> <p>Il paper che si vuole presentare racchiude una parte degli esiti della ricerca, evidenziando alcuni aspetti</p> <p>delle nuove migrazioni dall’Italia a partire dalle caratteristiche della comunità oggetto dell’indagine. Più nel</p> <p>dettaglio, gli elementi presi a riferimento sono i fattori di spinta e di attrazione, la presenza o meno di</p> <p>una comunità, il processo di inserimento lavorativo e sociale. Alla luce degli esiti dell’indagine, il paper è</p> <p>orientato ad individuare elementi di comunanza e di differenza con altre migrazioni italiane, con</p> <p>particolare riferimento alle migrazioni verso altri paesi europei2. Infine, grazie alla rete dei rapporti</p> <p>intrattenuti con gli intervistati, si riportano alcune riflessioni riguardo l’impatto che la diffusione della</p> <p>pandemia da Covid-19 ha avuto e continua ad avere sui progetti di vita degli intervistati.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Living with the Pathogen: representations, aspirations and practices of Care in value’s reorganization of post-disaster Salento 2021-09-11T11:58:21+00:00 Chiara Vacirca Enrico Milazzo <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Almost ten years after the detection of the Xylella bacterium in southern Apulia (Saponari, 2013), the landscape now appears almost entirely desiccated, missing an organic vision of the future. The systematic estrangement between the different actors of knowledge and the substantial administrative immobilism has produced today a political, economic and environmental starvation. Our aim is to provide an adequate reading of the stalemate in the descriptive grids proper to the sociological analysis of socio-environmental (De Marchi, 2004) and botanical conflicts (Sheikh and Gray, 2018)&nbsp; which opens up to the social action ofthe other-than-human world (Puig de la Bellacasa, 2017b; Pyyhtinen, 2016).&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The material of a double field research - an ethnographic one underway since 2018; and a more recent qualitative sociological research, highlights the role of olive growers, as well as non-profit associations active in reforestation actions, and supports the hypothesis of at least two different interpretive paths.&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The representations of the crisis adopted by social groups in the infected area, are investigated starting from the definition of conflict issues on the landscape and the economy in terms of aspirational capacity (Appadurai, 2004; De Leonardis, 2012) of local communities, such as to manifest a rupture of identity constructions and social cohesion following an extreme event. Thus, if the ecological disaster succeeded on the one hand in undermining the vulnerability of social groups and their ability to renegotiate their understanding of the disaster and their relationship with non-human actors, the ethnographic research conducted also shows another side. Numerous social entities have allowed a regenerative dimension to emerge from the disaster, characterized by a critical reinterpretation of past agricultural practices and the ability to question conventional boundaries between nature and culture. The challenge of communities not only to build, but to imagine a new landscape, has given rise in Capo Leuca and few but widespread areas of Salento to experimental practices of agro-forestry regeneration of the highest social relevance (Papadopoulos 2018), which also interrogate through the commons the economic and political agendas of trade associations and the region on the one hand, and speculators on the other.</span></p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The vitreous refugee 2021-09-11T11:58:50+00:00 Claudia Lintner <p>Taking the example of smartphones, the article discusses the impact of digital technologies on refugee trajectories considering the ambivalent potential of technologies to generate simultaneously new opportunities for refugees’ agency and new structural constraints regarding their mobility and actions due to control capacities. It therefore aims to offer a deeper discussion of the empowerment-control nexus and promote a better understanding of the various intersections that are developing between digitalization and migration/mobility patterns. The article is based on a qualitative research approach. Linking the individual level (the need of refugees to use smartphones for communication, information and orientation) to the political level is an emerging international market of surveillance and security technologies that has developed in recent years. Technology firms have contributed to develop and to promote the digital turn in surveillance and security-focused practices based not exclusively on the physical body, but on the digital devices as ‘extended bodies’.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Inequalities and territorial development: crisis and perspectives of the Cohesion Policy 2021-09-11T11:58:47+00:00 Concetta Picascia <p>The European Union is currently experiencing a legitimacy crisis due, among other things, to the poorly governed effects of globalization and financialization of the economy, and to populist and nationalist drifts that compromise the stability of the integration and peace project, built by our fathers. founders. Through an institutional reading of what can now be defined as the long path of the Cohesion Policy, we intend to highlight how the reference to supra-state regulatory mechanisms that favor strategies of integration and territorial rebalancing is necessary to relaunch the social pact between the community and the political authority, especially in a phase of serious economic and social crisis that we are experiencing due to the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The vision of the city for Silvano D'Alto: conceive each element of the system not only as part of the whole, but as an element that contains the whole 2021-09-11T11:58:04+00:00 Emma Viviani <p>Silvano D’Alto (1938-2020), was a professor of environmental sociology at the University of Pisa and an architect, he studied the themes of the formation of the territory and the meaning that accompanies the historical and social dynamics of the settlements. On these themes he has published: <em>Città dei barrios</em>, 1998, <em>La savana spazio e tempo</em>, 1984, <em>La città nascosta</em>, 1989, <em>Appartenere alla città</em>, 1995, <em>L’obsolescenza delle forme spaziali</em>, in Città e anticittà (with A. Palazzolo and AA. VV, 1969), <em>La partecipazione tradita</em> (with G.Elia R. Faenza, 1977) and other specific essays and articles.</p> 2021-09-10T08:27:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Letture a 3T 2021-09-11T11:58:06+00:00 Linda De Feo Ugo Leone 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Interview with Walter Quattrociocchi 2021-09-11T11:58:14+00:00 Mirella Paolillo <p>In this issue, for the “Fuori Luogo” interview, we interviewed Walter Quattrociocchi, Professor at the Sapienza University of Rome, leading the Center of Data Science and Complexity for Society (CDCS). His research interests include data science, network science, cognitive science, and data-driven modeling of dynamic processes in complex networks. His activity focuses on the data-driven modeling of social dynamics such as (mis)information spreading and the emergence of collective phenomena. Professor Quattrociocchi has published extensively in peer-reviewed conferences and journals, including PNAS.</p> 2021-06-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##