Fuori Luogo. Rivista di Sociologia del Territorio, Turismo, Tecnologia http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo <p>The <em>double-blind peer review</em>&nbsp;Journal&nbsp;<strong>“</strong>Fuori Luogo<strong>”</strong>&nbsp;(Italian for “<em>Out of Place</em>”) – founded in 2016 and&nbsp;accredited as scientific journal by ANVUR – discusses and explores the logic and the paradoxes of the relationships occurring in the spaces, places and territories of the social experience. The Journal&nbsp;includes the critical perspective of sociology as a whole and discusses convergences and differences, compliances and non-compliances, appropriateness and inappropriateness of social actions, viewed in the light of the fundamental connection between human behavior and spatial context.</p> <p>Fuoriluogo is a sociological paradigm which demarcates distinction and difference within social phenomena and territorial contexts. For these reasons, the Journal mainly calls for studies and researches focused on contextualized social investigations.</p> en-US direttore@fuoriluogo.info (Fabio Corbisiero (direttore)) caporedattore@fuoriluogo.info (Carmine Urciuoli (caporedattore)) Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Rethinking social inequality through post-pandemic tourism http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7869 <p>Tourism was certainly one of the sectors hardest hit by the pandemic, in economic, cultural and social terms. Before Covid-19, travel and tourism had become one of the most important sectors of the world economy, accounting for 10% of global GDP and over 320 million jobs worldwide. At the dawn of the era of air mobility, in 1950, there were "only" 25 million people traveling for international tourism. By 2018, this number had exceeded 1.4 billion and the travel and tourism sector had grown to disproportionate proportions, so much so as to progressively speak of overtourism and containment of tourist carrying capacity. From 25 million international tourism arrivals in the 1950s, traveler numbers have reached, decade after decade, 450 million in 1990 to rapidly explode to 1 billion arrivals in 2010 and 1.5 billion in 2019 (UNWTO, 2020 ). As one of the largest employers globally (1 in 10 jobs are directly related to tourism and the main contributor to GDP for several countries), the link between tourism and Covid-19 is the epicenter of all political discussions and international economies. [...]</p> Fabio Corbisiero ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7869 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:18:33 +0000 Foreign residency and residential segregation. The relationship between the spatial distribution of migrants and public housing in Bologna http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7265 <p>Whereas Italy has always been identified as a country of emigration, it is now a landing place. Despite the evolution of the migratory phenomenon has taken place over a few decades, it has an absolutely heterogeneous migratory profile due to the so-called "globalization of migrations". Today, the foreign one is a stable presence in Italy, but forms of discrimination and inequality related to being a foreigner persist and the reception of migrants still presents several critical issues.</p> <p>In this contribution we present an empirical study that contributes to the reflection about the peculiarities of the Italian context and we focus on the municipality of Bologna. On the one hand we aim to enrich the reflection on the concept of spatial segregation. On the other hand we will emphasize the role played by the welfare tools available in the housing sector on immigrant’s integration.</p> <p>We will use second level quantitative data and we will verify two research hypotheses: 1. at the local level, the administrative division of the census track could represent the space of segregation of the foreign population through the concentration of immigrants people in interstitial spaces; 2. there is a positive relationship between the spatial arrangement of public housing units and the spatial over-representation of the foreign population.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>migration, segregation, suburbs, social housing, housing welfare</p> Manuela Maggio, Maurizio Bergamaschi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7265 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:09:55 +0000 The Ecofeminist Response to Covid 19 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7291 <p>The Covid 19 pandemic has generated a plurality of reflections on the non-sustainability of neo-liberalism from an environmental, economic and social point of view. Many argue for the need of a radical change in the socio-economic paradigm in order to restore the compromised balance between humans and nature that, according to many scientists and researchers, has facilitated the spread of the virus. In this context, ecofeminist theories and practices (d’Eaubonne, 1974; Merchant, 2005; Radford Ruether, 2003, Shiva and Mies, 1993; Plumwood, 1993) focused on the construction of an alternative to the capitalist system in an ecologist and feminist perspective re-emerge with renewed strength.</p> <p>This article explores how the different forms of ecofeminism, both at the level of theories and practices, have responded to the current crisis generated by the spread of the Covid 19 pandemic. After a first part on the origins and history of ecofeminism, the article analyses what interpretation ecofeminists give of the reasons for the outbreak of Covid 19 pandemic, the social contradictions highlighted by it, the recommended actions to overcome the crisis and the foreshadowing of new post-coronavirus scenarios. The main findings identified by the investigation are the following: the Covid 19 pandemic is regarded as a “neo-liberal disease” and ecofeminists call for an overcoming of the war language used to address the crisis as well as to assume the environmental and health causes of the pandemic. They also argue about the necessity to radically rethink the economic paradigm based on the recognition of interdependence between human beings and other living species, the abandonment of the idea of unlimited growth, the paradigm of care, interdependence and solidarity.</p> <p>The article also analyses possible post-Covid 19 scenarios and development perspectives in ecofeminism. It emphasises how, based on ecofeminist analyses, humanity is at a crossroads, but also how this period could be potentially favourable for minorities’ experiences, such as ecofeminism, to become large-scale social experiences. At the same time, the current crisis invites ecofeminism to move in the direction of a more intersectional understanding of feminist and ecological issues and create alliances and encounters with other social movements in order to influence the political agenda.</p> Erika Bernacchi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7291 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:08:48 +0000 (Re)discovery Channel: turismo post-Covid e l'emersione del "terzo paesaggio"come destinazione turistica http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7264 <p>Summer 2020 has been marked by a series of massive changes in people’s travelling and vacation habits as a consequence of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: Italy’s detached, “disconnected”, “hidden” areas seem to be now on the map of tourist destinations . Not only “common people” but also many VIPs have “deserted” the usual routes and the “party circuits” to turn to more “peripherical” choices. “Peripheries” as tourist destinations are definitely a staple of summer 2020: new vacation trends are rising and, in this quest for the “safe periphery”, an interest for the “third landscape” (Clément 2004) is clearly involved. The “third landscape” is an “unattended space” where biological diversity thrives, an “undetermined area”, “the genetic resevoir of the planet, the space of the future”, in the words of Clément himself.</p> <p>The “third landscape” is, from this perspective, a complex territory that can be in many ways articulated as a tourist destination. One of the most conspicuous trends seems to be the rising curiosity for neglected spaces such as old castles, abandoned villas and churches, severed graveyards, forsaken leisure spaces such as discos, theatres and cinemas.The contemporary tourist is a bit like a postmodern explorer, following those teams of urban explorers (urbexers) that are more and more active all over the world.. Urbexers engage in exploring and recording abandoned places and buildings, not “structured” and “pinned” in mainstream touristic routes. The aim of this paper is to analyze these emerging forms of tourism and their potential developments in a dramatically altered, and constantly changing, world scenario.</p> Maria Luisa Fagiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7264 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:07:45 +0000 Wanders or residents: ethnography along the Way of Saint James of Compostella http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7137 <p>The focus of the research is the Way of Saint James. Foncebadón is a small ghost village that has begun to attract pilgrims daily; while Santiago de Compostela is the Walk final city. I used two techniques: participant observation and interviews. Both techniques have been used to elaborate some pilgrims and workers identity profiles. Participant observation was used to observe social interactions in natural contexts, biographical interviews to recreate pilgrim’s biographical paths and witness interviews to analyse the vision of some local workers referring to some aspects of the way. The figure of pilgrim is now close to that of the tourist. The inhabitants of Foncebadón consider the way as an opportunity for cultural exchange; while a revaluation of the city tourist identity seems to be necessary to keep together paths of mutual enrichment between pilgrims and inhabitants.</p> Costanza Gasparo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7137 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:06:45 +0000 Airbnb: what do we share and what do we lose? What is true into collaborative model. http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7289 <p>The study of territories with widespread urbanization is now intertwined with a new research trajectory: the Airbnb universe and its socio-spatial echoes in cities.</p> <p>Ten years after its appearance in the hospitality industry scenario, Airbnb is recognized as one of the most significant players within the so-called platform economy. The scale of its rapid growth and evolution has attracted a growing number of studies, responding to different research questions depending on the areas of academic interest in which they are located. There are researches on its business model and disruptive effects, user behaviour (host and guest side), legal issues, law enforcement and taxation, impact on cities.</p> <p>This contribution will give a general description of the platform and its functioning and, subsequently, will return the problematic profile of the phenomenon according to a territorialist perspective able to highlight its impression on cities, urban functions, vulnerabilities and the nascent transformations of the places connected to it.</p> <p>It will demonstrate how the presence of Airbnb is influencing the socio-spatial dimension of the cities of destination of major tourist flows – both in the order of real estate and commercial dynamics and the distribution of urban activities – and, at the same time, will be identified as a new determinant factor of gentrification processes.</p> <p>Starting from the critical externalities that have emerged in the cities where Airbnb has had its greatest development, we will try to identify alternative practices in which forms of life in common are realised, and where new actions of urban regeneration are created in them.</p> <p>We will refer to the example of FairBnB which is still being settled by a community of activists, programmers, researchers and designers who aim to face this challenge by bringing back the "share" in the economy of sharing. They want to offer a community-centred alternative that privileges people and facilitates authentic, sustainable and intimate travel experiences.</p> <p>The project aims to avoid the social and economic impact of AirBnB, in parallel with the increase in real estate prices of flats or houses, the fragmentation of local communities and the closure of local businesses in areas where it usually operates. The basic principle of FairBnB is to promote collective ownership of the platform, where the platform is not owned by faceless investors but by those who use it and are influenced by its use: Guest, Host, local business owners, neighbours. Create democratic governance, based on collaboration and consensus among community members to collectively decide how the platform will be managed in their neighbourhood. In addition, the project plans to reinvest the benefits for the community, with the aim of generating social sustainability. Thus, locals directly support the projects they want to see in their neighbourhoods: food cooperatives, playgrounds, green projects, community cafes, etc.</p> <p>The case of FairBnB will be recalled as an example of local action which, while inviting collective reflection on the development of platform economies and the transformation of cities, in the absence of a political, legal and social framework adequate for its development, risks remaining very marginal and therefore very limited.</p> <p>Reference will be made on a review of the literature on the subject, together with the results of some research activities – with mixed methodological approaches – contained in the DECODE project<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>, funded by the European Union under the Horizon 20201 program.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1">[1]</a> https://www.decodeproject.eu/&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Elena Musolino ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7289 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:05:35 +0000 Being able “to look up”. Parenting in poverty and the social work intervention http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7266 <p>The aim of this article is to explore how social workers represent the experience of parenting in conditions of economic precariousness, and the role of social work in supporting these families.</p> <p>Interviews were administered to a sample of social workers in different Italian regions in both public and non-profit agencies. The grounded theory method, coherent with the interpretative paradigm chosen in this research, guided the process of data collection and data analysis.</p> <p>Our findings reveal that the majority of the social workers recognized the impact of poverty on families’ lives, however this aspect was not always taken into account in the helping process with low income parents. Several variables, both at the individual and the organizational level, seemed to hamper the possibility to “look up” from direct practice with individuals only, and to be involved in policy-shaping and in community work to address roots of family troubles in the wider social context. The analysis is useful to show how poverty of the families and poverty of resources dedicated to them within the welfare state system are interconnected issues that should not be viewed as background factors, but as variables that influence in various ways the decisions made everyday in social services. We identify the need for improvement in the institutional framework of public services and in social work education.</p> Mara Sanfelici, Luigi Gui ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7266 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:04:28 +0000 What's your pronoun? Reflections on gender issues in European languages http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7154 <p>The social, political and cultural developments which brought during the last few decades to a change in the relationships between gender find an important correlate in linguistic usage, which on the one hand reflects changes and on the other sustains and strengthens it. Such new usages affect in particular, in many European languages, the correct use of the feminine gender when defining a woman’s profession or social role. Italian seems to be late in accepting the change (<em>Avvocata? Avvocatessa? Donna avvocato? Avvocato donna?</em>), whereas French, German and Spanish don’t hesitate in using the feminine (<em>avocate/Anwältin/abogada</em>). English, on the other hand, where no such gender distinction holds for the vast majority of nouns, is moving in the opposite direction, abolishing the few cases formerly existing (no longer <em>actor vs. actress</em> but <em>actor </em>or <em>performer</em> for all). One specially sensitive and interesting case are the pronouns: if all languages use the pronoun corresponding to the person’s gender, what happens when we don’t know the gender of a particular person? Some languages have been developing new forms of <em>genderless</em> pronoun in order to avoid repetitions: in English <em>each student must bring his/her own book</em> has been replaced by <em>each student must bring their book</em>; in Swedish <em>han/hon </em>(<em>he/she</em>) gave way to <em>hen</em> for everyone. Such genderless forms, by the way, are also used by <em>non binary </em>and <em>gender fluid</em> people in order to avoid the choice between masculine and feminine. Finally, the attempt not to repeat masculine and feminine forms in addressing groups (it. <em>Cari colleghi e care colleghe</em>, and so on) led to the research for new graphic solutions, such as, in Italian, the asterisk (<em>car* collegh*</em>) or, more recently the IPA symbol for <em>schwa </em>(<em>car</em><em>« collegh</em><em>«</em>).&nbsp; &nbsp;<em>&nbsp;</em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<em>&nbsp;</em></p> Pietro Maturi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7154 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:00:45 +0000 Letture a 3 T http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7870 Giuseppe Muti, Antonella Berritto, Giovanna Rech ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7870 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:29:57 +0000 Incontro Fuori Luogo. Interview with Elisabetta Camussi http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7666 <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="it" data-phrase-index="0">In this issue, for&nbsp; “Incontri Fuori Luogo” we interviewed Elisabetta Camussi, professor of Social Psychology at the University of Milan Bicocca, appointed by the Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte - in April 2020 - member of the Committee of economic experts -</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="it" data-phrase-index="1">social for the task force led by Vittorio Colao.</span></span></p> Ilaria Marotta ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/fuoriluogo/article/view/7666 Wed, 03 Mar 2021 11:19:50 +0000