EUS-FNA Diagnosis Using Pro-Core Needle for Fine Needle Biopsy (FNB) and EUS-Tattooing of a Small Pancreatic Tumor for Laparoscopic Localization
Carlo Fabbri1, Nicola Zanini2, Michele Masetti2, Anna Maria Polifemo1, Marta Fiscaletti3, Carmelo Luigiano1, Antonella Maimone1, Nicola D’Imperio1, Elio Jovine2
Units of 1Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, 2General Surgery, and 3Radiology, AUSL Bologna, “Bellaria-Maggiore” Hospital. Bologna, Italy
Context Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can show pancreatic tumors of few millimeters; nowadays, in the years of laparoscopic approach, the most difficult and time-consuming issue can be how to identify a tumor throughout the pancreatic parenchyma in order to select the site where to transect the pancreas. Preoperative EUS-tattooing could be of help in locating small pancreatic tumors during pancreatic resections. Case report Because of the onset of recurrent mild abdominal pain and diarrhea lasting for 4 months, a 70-year-old woman performed a trans-abdominal US that showed a hypoecogenic area of about 7 mm in the body of the pancreas. She had no other significant medical history or laboratory index. A CT-scan did not reveal any lesion throughout the pancreas. EUS examination (using a linear echoendoscope Fujinon) confirmed a hypoecogenic, solid, irregular mass of the body of the pancreas of about 7x4 mm. An EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the lesion was performed with a 22-gauge ProCore needle (Cook) and then, EUS-guided tattoo was performed using a 22 gauge EchoTip needle: the needle was inserted 3-5 mm proximal to the lesion and 2 mL of sterile purified carbon particles were injected under direct visualization. The patient received pre-procedural i.v. ciprofloxacin and no complications were observed. Cytological examination reported cells suspicious for adenocarcinoma. Nineteen days later, the patient underwent a laparoscopic left pancreatectomy. Ink was clearly visible on the anterior surface of the pancreas. Operative time was 110 minutes. Postoperative outcome was uneventful. Pathologic evaluation revealed a ductal adenocarcinoma of 5 mm in diameter with 17 negative nodes. Distance between pancreatic resection margin and cancer was 15 mm. Conclusions Preoperative EUS-tattooing could facilitate laparoscopic localization of small lesions. Further studies to assess safety, indications and limits are needed.