http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/issue/feed TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment 2021-09-03T11:07:49+00:00 Rocco Papa direttoreresponsabile.tema@unina.it Open Journal Systems <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. From 2016, TeMA is a scientific journal in A category by ANVUR (excellent scientific journal according to Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes). TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="http://sparceurope.org/">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="http://www.sparceurope.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="http://www.doaj.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8278 The city challenges and external agents. Methods, tools and best practices 2021-08-31T12:44:35+00:00 Rocco Papa rocco.papa@unina.it 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7948 Metropolitan Cities supporting local adaptation processes. The case of the Metropolitan City of Venice 2021-08-31T12:45:01+00:00 Filippo Magni fmagni@iuav.it Giovanni Litt glitt@iuav.it Giovanni Carraretto gcarraretto@iuav.it <p>Cities have a fundamental role in the adaptation and mitigation process to climate change. Even though cities will be the main subject of climate change impacts, they can propose solutions and build alternative scenarios. The difficulties that municipalities may encounter in their adaptation processes concern the lack of planning skills, technical knowledge, and human resources. To face these challenges Italian Metropolitan Cities can play a fundamental role in helping municipalities to plan and coordinate their efforts. The process in the Venetian territory has lasted many years and it has led to the awareness that local adaptation policies need to be addressed with broader support. The Metropolitan City of Venice has constructed a methodology for the planning of climatic adaptation. This methodology has been developed thanks to various plans and projects. These projects acted to increase the coordination between bodies, to define a broad area vision, to help municipalities to implement local actions. The role played by CMVe intends to direct public policies towards adaptation and mitigation in a structural way and with broad area governance. The process activated could be replicable in other Italian Metropolitan Cities in the approach and the result even if adapted to local needs.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7976 Territorial disparities in Tuscan industrial assets: a model to assess agglomeration and exposure patterns 2021-08-31T12:44:58+00:00 Diego Altafini diego.altafini@phd.unipi.it Valerio Cutini valerio.cutini@ing.unipi.it <p>Industrial agglomerates are considered <em>drivers</em> of urban development. This reiterative process of industrial growth, nevertheless, tends to increase regional territorial disparities, an asymmetrical development pattern that can lead to productive spaces’ underuse or abandonment. Although numerous economics studies about industrial distribution and territorial disparities were so far conceived, those are based on dated spatial methodologies. These consider space as an abstract background, hence, leaving unexplored several spatial relations between production, infrastructural networks and industrial agglomerates organization. Novel models ought to consider real attributes of space, being crucial to economic recovery in times of territorial constrains; with this in consideration, the paper objective is to construct and discuss a spatial-economic model tailored to assess territorial disparities in industrial agglomerates distribution and the condition here defined as <em>territorial exposure</em>. <em>Exposure,</em> represented by a composite spatial index, denotes disparities in territorial endowments, identified as factors of sensitivity or support to firms placed within industrial agglomerates, spatial conditions that can affect their capabilities to react to periods of economic recession and their post-crisis recovery. The model analyses Tuscany Region’s industrial structure and depicts territorial disparities in a GIS-based environment. The spatial knowledge produced can aid regional initiatives for economic recovery directed to Tuscan industries.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7671 Estimation of the future land cover using Corine Land Cover data 2021-08-31T12:45:17+00:00 Gizem Dinç gizemdinc@sdu.edu.tr Atila Gül atilagul@sdu.edu.tr <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">In this study, linear and polynomial regression functions were applied to the Corine Land Cover (CLC) data to quantitatively estimate the future land cover for three different cities of Turkey, Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir. For the related cities, the CLC data sets recorded for every 6 years between the years 2000-2018 were individually obtained from satellite images for monitoring changes in land cover for Turkey. These data allow us to have information about artificial surfaces, agricultural areas, natural and semi-natural areas, wetland and water bodies which have been changed accordingly urbanization process in Turkey. Based on CLC data of 2000, 2006, 2012 and 2018 the areas and widths of artificial surfaces spread in these three cities were determined. Mathematical calculations were made by using the linear and polynomial regression models to understand what the future scenarios would be in order to understand what would happen if these changes continued in the same way. To conclude, revealing the possible scenarios in the future will provide important outputs for land cover and will contribute to the development of urban planning and the creation of sustainable cities.</span></p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8003 Quantifying the urban built environment: a neighbourhood-scale analysis 2021-08-31T12:44:55+00:00 Ndidi Felix Nkeki nkekifndidi@gmail.com Monday Ohi Asikhia asikhiamo@hotmail.com <p>The quantification of the built environment has been approached from two major perspectives-regional-scale and neighbourhood-scale. Few studies have attempted to quantify the built environment from the neighbourhood-scale and none of these studies attempted to examine the interactions that exist between the respective built environment indicators and the spatial variation of such interaction which may help under the emerging travel-related prototypical neighbourhoods. Two types of datasets were used in the study and these are neighbourhood-based field surveys and data extracted from a satellite image. These were used to compute indicators which were in turn used to measure the built environment of Benin metropolitan region. The interaction between the indicators revealed that the quantification of the built environment categorised the region into 3 distinct prototypical neighbourhoods-pedestrian-oriented zones, transit-oriented zone, and car-oriented zone.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7886 Covid-19 pandemic and activity patterns in Milan. Wi-Fi sensors and location-based data 2021-09-03T11:07:49+00:00 Andrea Gorrini a.gorrini@systematica.net Federico Messa f.messa@systematica.net Giulia Ceccarelli g.ceccarelli@systematica.net Rawad Choubassi r.choubassi@systematica.net <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">The recent development of location detection systems allows to monitor, understand and predict the activity patterns of the city users. In this framework, the research focuses on the analysis of a sample of aggregated traffic data, based on the number of mobile devices detected through a network of 55 Wi-Fi Access Points in Milan. Data was collected over 7 months (January to July 2020), allowing for a study on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on activity patterns. Data analysis was based on merging: (<em>i</em>) time series analysis of trends, peak hours and mobility profiles; (<em>ii</em>) GIS-based spatial analysis of land data and Public Transport data. Results showed the effectiveness of Wi-Fi location data to monitor and characterize long-term trends about activity patterns in large scale urban scenarios. Results also showed a significant correlation between Wi-Fi data and the density distribution of residential buildings, service and transportation facilities, entertainment, financial amenities, department stores and bike-sharing docking stations. In this context, a Suitability Analysis Index is proposed, aiming at identifying the areas of Milan which could be exploited for more extensive data collection campaigns by means of the installation of additional Wi-Fi sensors. Future work is based on the development of Wi-Fi sensing applications for monitoring mobility data in real time.</span></p> <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7947 Former military sites and post-Covid-19 city in Italy. May their reuse mitigate the pandemic impacts? 2021-08-31T12:45:05+00:00 Federico Camerin urbancame@alice.it <p>The presence of former military settlements, along with other abandoned spaces in the Italian cities, constitutes an opportunity for developing inclusive and green cities through a good governance, especially after the 2020 pandemic outbreak. This paper develops an analytical matrix for comparing and evaluating the redevelopment projects of a number of case studies in the Italian metropolitan cities of Bologna, Milan, Rome, and Turin in the face of the challenges of the post-COVID-19 issues. Although the difficulties to evaluate still ongoing redevelopment projects, I found two main results. First, the Italian political and economic context is what most influenced the redevelopment process and not so much the intrinsic characteristics of former military sites.&nbsp; Second, it seems that the reuse of these urban voids will not match a couple of features of the so-called post-COVID-19 features, i.e. inclusive and good governance, though the redevelopments can seemingly develop green cities.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7923 Investigation of the effects of urban density on pandemic 2021-08-31T12:45:07+00:00 Yelda Mert mertyelda@gmail.com <p class="Abstract">Decisions regarding land use are amongst the most important decisions of a city planning process, and density arrangement is one of the key parameters for it. The effects of urban density on the Covid-19 infection are evaluated in this study through the sample case of İskenderun district, which was divided into 3 main urban population density regions (high, medium, low). The course of the Covid-19 pandemic was then followed through the number of cases in the period of September-December 2020 for these regions. The case data were obtained from the “HES” application developed by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Turkey to monitor the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, and the case density maps recorded in the application for this purpose were digitized through an in-house image processing software. As a result of the examination, it was understood that the rate of increase and the density of cases in regions with high housing density was higher than that of regions with lower densities, with PI (Pandemic Index) values of 173.83 and 39.40 for high and low densities, respectively. The results are indicative that the lack of urban land production and high population concentration, which have become important problems of developing countries and regions due to rapid population growth, are indeed strong factors for the spread of diseases, such as the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8273 Chaos and chaos: the city as a complex phenomenon 2021-08-31T12:44:38+00:00 Carmela Gargiulo gargiulo@unina.it Rocco Papa rpapa@unina.it <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">To say that the city is a dynamically complex system is to affirm that the city can be traced back to a set of components in relation to each other (system), that the processes of the system cannot be managed and controlled with deterministic tools (complex system) and, lastly, that the future evolution of the city-system cannot be predicted linearly on the basis of knowledge of the initial conditions (dynamically complex system). The degree of complexity reached by the city, as a modern expression of collective life, is such that it is unable to provide a compatible and adequate solution to the problems of the "city-system", which is subject, like all systems, to processes of entropy maximisation.</span></p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8056 Ecological transition: perspectives from U.S. and European cities 2021-08-31T12:44:49+00:00 Carmen Guida carmen.guida@unina.it Jorge Ugan jorgeugan@knights.ucf.edu <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships between urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal.</p> <p>In particular, the Urban planning literature review section aims at presenting recent books and journals, within global scientific panorama, on selected topics and issues.</p> <p>This contribution proposes a further insight into the complex ecological transition, with a focus to U.S. and European cities. Cities have faced a worldwide health and economic crisis due to the outbreak of a new coronavirus in 2019 and now, with progressive and massive vaccination and never experienced financial tools, a new era seems to start: significant financial resources, plenty of room for economic maneuvers may turn the ongoing pandemic into an opportunity, for the following years, to build more sustainable societies and environments. Within this scenario, urban areas play an essential role. According to shared and universal goals to achieve a more sustainable model of society and economy, how ecological transition is run by policymakers, stakeholders and citizens strongly depends on cities' backgrounds and structures.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8054 Resilience as an urban strategy: The role of green interventions in recovery plans 2021-08-31T12:44:52+00:00 Federica Gaglione federica.gaglione@unina.it David Ania Ayiine-Etigo d.ayiine-etigo@abdn.ac.uk <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is a continuous update about emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment thanks to a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made up of five parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of the TeMA Journal. In particular: the Town Planning International Rules and Legislation Overview section aims at presenting the latest updates in the territorial and urban legislative sphere. The issue of the current recovery and resilience plans and the related reforms envisaged in them aim to give impetus to new forms of organization of urban systems and all its components. In this direction, the content of this review describes the reforms envisaged in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan of Italy and Germany with a focus on the due mission based on the green revolution and ecological transition. Furthermore, this review aims to define the role of these plans for future urban strategies to face the great challenges to which cities are called to respond such as climate change, energy efficiency while also respecting the principles of environmental sustainability.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8097 Toward greener and pandemic-proof cities? Policy response to Covid-19 outbreak in four global cities 2021-08-31T12:44:43+00:00 Gennaro Angiello gennaroangiello@yahoo.it <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban practices section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie the challenges that the cities have to face. The present note provides an overview of the policies and initiatives undertaken in four global cities in response to the Covid-19 outbreak: New York City (US), Beijing (CN), Paris (FR) and Singapore (SG). A cross-city analysis is used to derive a taxonomy of urban policy measures. The contribution discusses the effectiveness of each measures in providing answers to epidemic threats in urban areas while, at the same time, improving the sustainability and resilience of urban communities.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://www.serena.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/8074 Environmental, social and economic sustainability in urban areas: a cool materials' perspective 2021-08-31T12:44:46+00:00 Federica Rosso federica.rosso@uniroma1.it Stefano Franco sfranco@luiss.it <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Economy, business and land use section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie socio-economic relationships between firms and territories. The present note tackles the topic of cool materials for urban areas, as a mitigation strategy to counteract climate-change related issues. The most recent developments about cool materials demonstrate how they can boost environmental, social and economic sustainability and resilience in urban areas.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##