TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment 2020-05-31T11:28:11+00:00 Rocco Papa Open Journal Systems <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. From 2016, TeMA is a scientific journal in A category by ANVUR (excellent scientific journal according to Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes). TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> Editorial Preface: TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment 1 (2020) 2020-04-30T19:37:45+00:00 Rocco Papa 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Accessibility Analysis for Healthcare Centers using Gravity Model and Geospatial Techniques 2020-04-30T19:37:51+00:00 Shanmathi Rekha Raju Shayesta Wajid Nisha Radhakrishnan Samson Mathew <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">India’s healthcare facilities continue to be limited and the current number of hospitals is not sufficient to meet the demands of the increasing population. In this study the multi-specialty hospitals handling sudden trauma such as cardiac arrests, strokes, burns, accidents, and major illnesses that were considered and analyzed for the ease of access within the city. The spatial accessibility index is measured using the Modified Three-step Floating Catchment Area which incorporates emergency factors in addition to travel time in travel impedance function. The findings shows that all hospitals are currently found to be collectively located near to the city center and wards located in the periphery of the city having very low spatial access to healthcare facilities. The index also aids in delineating the healthcare deprived areas and over-served areas within the city. This identification is essential for the future planning of new healthcare services, to improve the capacity and ease of access to the existing healthcare facilities. The model of this investigative study can be extended further to all cities to assist in the pre-planning for provision of adequate healthcare facilities. Such information will be advantageous, to public health officials and policy/decision makers involved in urban expansion planning, for ensuring better and quicker access to health services with minimum delay in the event of emergencies.</span></p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of commuting in Attica 2020-04-30T19:37:52+00:00 Maria Stefanouli Serafeim Polyzos <p>Many complex systems are organized in the form of a network embedded in space. Networks appear naturally in many fields of science, and are often inherently complex structures. Many complex networks show signs of modular structure, uncovered by community detection. Communities allow researchers to understand better the network by reducing its complexity. This study analyzes the inter-regional commuting systems of region Attica in Greece, employing approach of detection of complex network communities. In particular, in this paper, the administrative units of Attica are presented as a complex network, using as a criterion for the existence of a functional relationship and the identification of network communities (FUAs) the daily commuting. Network communities are identified through the modularity maximization method used to analyze complex networks. In parallel with this, through regression model application, the main factors affecting the out-commuting intensity of the municipalities of Attica are defined. The conclusions reached are of special interest for Greece as commuting in this country has not been studied yet extensively.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evaluating metropolises grow and their impact on the around villages using Object-Oriented Images Analysis method by using Sentinel-2 & Landsat data 2020-05-31T11:28:11+00:00 Bahram Imani Farshid Sattari Jafar Jafarzadeh <p>Development of the margin of metropolitan cities is always challenging with regard to the continuous urbanization. The forecast of future changes in the rural landscape is one of the most important issues to be considered in the process of sustainable rural development. The apparent characteristics of rural landscape changes are the result of the interaction between several natural and human factors. Landscape analysis, as well as the identification of best management strategies, can be improved when the useful information on its changes is available over a wide period of time to assess the impact of the changes it has existed. In this study, we tried to extract the changes in the selected villages of the Ardabil metropolitan area by using Landsat-7 and Sentinel-2 images. This study was conducted using supervised classification methods and the best method was chosen based on the overall accuracy 98.91, and high Kappa coefficient 0.96. The results showed that the changes area of settlement area in a village from 2000, as compared to 2018, is about approximately 5.1 Km<sup>2</sup>. Worth noting that, in this study, by increasing the efficiency of the classification of satellite images of Sentinel-2 comparison with Landsat-7, the accuracy of classification has also improved.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How Italian metropolitan cities are dealing with the issue of climate change? 2020-04-30T19:37:49+00:00 Walter Molinaro <p>In recent decades, climate change has become one of the most discussed topics within the territorial planning debates, both at European and Italian level. Urban and territorial planning addresses the topic in different ways according to the territorial and legislative context and according to the level of government of the territory involved. In the following article, firstly, the role of planning at European level in the fight against the negative effects of climate change is defined. Subsequently the focus is shifted to the Italian territorial context; in particular, to the role that the level of government of the metropolitan area, introduced in 2014 with the law 56/2014, better known as the Delrio Law, can play within these environmental challenges. Although the Italian metropolitan cities are widely differing in terms of territory, population and economy, they can represent, according to some visions, a potential pivot for the development of the entire nation. In 2017, Italian metropolitan cities signed the ''Bologna Charter'', a document that places them as protagonists of environmental protection and sustainable development. &nbsp;By means of this document, metropolitan cities undertake to counteract the negative effects of climate change by achieving eight macro objectives. The process of analysis of metropolitan cities and their planning tools has enabled the identification of virtuous metropolitan planning cases, which were found to be those of the Metropolitan Cities of Bologna, Milan and Venice. &nbsp;Subsequently, the actions that the three metropolitan cities have in order to achieve the eight objectives of the Bologna Charter, were analyzed. Precisely through this critical reading, it was possible to identify the best practices implemented. &nbsp;The topics most dealt within the metropolitan strategic plans are: sustainable mobility, energy efficiency, prevention of the effects of climate change, urban green areas and the protection of biodiversity. In relation to these issues, the three selected case studies implement noteworthy actions, which have been identified as possible models for other metropolitan bodies. The conclusion reached at the end of this analysis and comparison work, appears to be the belief that Italian metropolitan cities could actually play a coordinating role in climate change policies, promoting an integrated approach to spatial planning. To ensure that this result can be achieved, the promotion of a strong integration between the level of government of the metropolitan area and the local one is necessary. The latter, in fact, is indicated by supranational policies as the most suitable for dealing with the problem of climate change. &nbsp;The further conclusion reached concerns the importance of the mayor in this context. This figure is the most suitable for implementing the integration between the two levels of government of the territory. The Delrio Law establishes, indeed, that the mayors of the metropolitan bodies coincide with those of the main town.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “Itinerario Cicloturistico Adda”. A route between a variety of territories, landscapes and identities 2020-04-30T19:37:47+00:00 Fulvia Pinto Andrea Fossati <p>Cycle tourism is a popular recreational activity in Europe, where the distances between the places are relatively short and the itineraries are full of attractions and points of interest. Tourism that involves the use of bicycles to get to know the area is expanding both at European and Italian level. At the basis of this phenomenon there is certainly an attitude of awareness of the risks for the environment and a progressive evolution of critical awareness towards more conscious consumption. Cycling in the suburban area, in particular for reasons related to leisure, sport and tourism, is usually linked to medium - long distance itineraries, put into a system with short distances, often also used by residents of the territories concerned. The cycling routes run along routes of great tourist attraction and are lots of opportunity to visit historic cities, UNESCO sites or places with environmental value. The cycling route Adda project starts from the analysis and enhancement of the environment and the existing cycle network. The analysis and research developed through the comparison with other experiences with a focus on intermodal dimension of mobility. The main result of the project is that it provided a homogeneous and systematic framework of the efforts needed for the completion of the cycle path, articulated according to a priority logic. A framework in which, in relation to the specificities of each area, are indicated some of the design solutions, in the knowledge that a project of this importance should be implemented in an incremental manner, acting in multiple directions, through coordination of action and governance.</p> 2020-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Reviews Pages: The city challenges and external agents. Methods, Tools and Best Practices 1(2020) 2020-04-30T19:37:57+00:00 Carmen Guida Gennaro Angiello Andrea Tulisi Federica Gaglione Rosa Morosini <div class="item abstract"> <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason, the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose, the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events), each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.</p> </div> 2020-04-26T15:16:55+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##