Are Diagnostic Errors in Cystic Tumors of the Pancreas Clinically Relevant?
Context Diagnostic errors in the preoperative evaluation of cystic neoplasm of the pancreas (CNP) are not uncommon. Only limited data is available regarding the impact of these errors on clinical management. Objective This study aims to evaluate the clinical impact of these diagnostic errors. Methods A series of 141 patients undergoing surgery for CNP at Karolinska University Hospital was retrospectively analyzed. There were 60 males and 81 females; the mean age was 60.3 years. CT was performed in 138 patients (97.8%), MR in 85 (60.3%), and EUS in 31 (21.9%). Results Histology confirmed the pre-operative diagnosis in 60.9% of patients. The concordance rate between pre-operative diagnosis and histology was similar for asymptomatic and symptomatic lesions (60.5% vs. 61.4%; P NS). The rate of correct diagnosis increased over time (2004-2006: 54.5%; 2007-2012: 61.7%; 2010-2012: 63.5%). Lymphoepitelial cysts (2/2) were misdiagnosed most frequently, followed by serous cystic neoplasia (24/33, 72.2%), solid pseudopapillary neoplasia (5/8, 62.5%), mucinous cystic neoplasia (7/25, 28%), and IPMN (17/56, 23.3%). Re-evaluating the surgical indication in view of the histological diagnosis, surgical resection was not required in 13 patients (9.2%). There was no mortality in this patient group, and morbidity amounted to 53.8%. Conclusions The results confirm that preoperative diagnostic errors are quite common in CNP, however, the percentage of patients who unnecessarily undergo surgery is low (9.2%). The error rate is similar for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients.
Copyright (c) 2014 Marco Del Chiaro, Caroline Verbeke, Elena Rangelova, Christoph Ansorge, John Blomberg, Nils Albiin, Ralf Segersvärd
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