The Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a High Volume Pancreatic Surgery Unit
Context The threat of infections due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative rods is increasing. In 2012, an outbreak of Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to multiple antibiotics occurred in different units of the Verona Hospital Trust, including our pancreatic surgery unit. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the burden of the hospital outbreak on mortality after pancreatic resections performed in 2012. Furthermore, we assessed whether the mortality pattern changed in comparison with 2011. Methods During internal audits, an analysis of short-term outcomes of pancreatic resections performed over a 2-year period was undertaken. Results In 2012, 261 pancreatic resections (160 pancreaticoduodenectomies, 60 distal resections, 15 middle pancreatectomies, 16 total pancreatectomies, 10 enucleations) were carried out. Postoperative morbidity was 54.9%; abdominal complications rate was 46.3%; postoperative mortality was 2.3% (6 events). MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated in 11 patients (4.2%). Of these, 5 died postoperatively of sepsis, superimposed to a grade C pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy. The remaining postoperative death was due to a cardiac event. In 2011, 257 pancreatic resections were performed. No MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae was isolated. Postoperative morbidity was 51.0%, Abdominal complications rate was 43.7%, Postoperative mortality was 1.1% (3 cardiac events). The difference in mortality between 2012 and 2011 was not statistically significant (P=0.257). Conclusion Despite the difference in mortality between 2012 and 2011 was not statistically significant, the clinical impact of MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae on mortality after pancreatic resections was substantial. In particular, 5/11 of patients with MDR Klebsiella pneumoniae exhibited a very serious complication profile and eventually died of sepsis. In those who survived, hospital stay was prolonged, with increased cost. These results emphasize the need of appropriate measures to contain hospital outbreaks of MDR gram-negative strains, and of exhaustive patient information about nosocomial infections.
Copyright (c) 2014 Giuseppe Malleo, Silvia Germenia, Giovanni Marchegiani, Eleonora Morelli, Laura Maggino, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi, Giovanni Butturini
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