Defining Smart City. A Conceptual Framework Based on Keyword Analysis

  • Farnaz Mosannenzadeh University of Trento, Doctoral school of Civil, Mechanical, and Environmental Engineering
  • Daniele Vettorato European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC), Institute of Renewable Energy
Keywords: Smart City, Definition, Academy, Industry, Government, Stakeholder


“Smart city” is a concept that has been the subject of increasing attention in urban planning and governance during recent years. The first step to create Smart Cities is to understand its concept. However, a brief review of literature shows that the concept of Smart City is the subject of controversy. Thus, the main purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework to define Smart City. To this aim, an extensive literature review was done. Then, a keyword analysis on literature was held against main research questions (why, what, who, when, where, how) and based on three main domains involved in the policy decision making process and Smart City plan development: Academic, Industrial and Governmental. This resulted in a conceptual framework for Smart City. The result clarifies the definition of Smart City, while providing a framework to define Smart City’s each sub-system. Moreover, urban authorities can apply this framework in Smart City initiatives in order to recognize their main goals, main components, and key stakeholders.


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Author Biographies

Farnaz Mosannenzadeh, University of Trento, Doctoral school of Civil, Mechanical, and Environmental Engineering

PhD candidate at Doctoral School of Civil, Environmental, and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Italy Researcher at Institute of Renewable Energy, European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC), Bolzano, Italy M.Sc. in Urban and Regional Planning.

Daniele Vettorato, European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC), Institute of Renewable Energy

Project Manager at Institute of Renewable Energy, European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC), Bolzano, Italy.


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How to Cite
MosannenzadehF., & VettoratoD. (2014). Defining Smart City. A Conceptual Framework Based on Keyword Analysis. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment.