High speed rail and airport. Future scenarios in Marco Polo Airport in Venice

Keywords: Airport, High-speed rail, Accessibility, Intermodal complementarity, Scenario


This paper introduces an analysis of the possible extension of the catchment area of the Venice Marco Polo Airport, due to the implementation of a direct rail connection and the completion of the high speed/high capacity railway between Milan and Trieste. Both interventions are expected to generate an increase in the accessibility thresholds by rail to the airport. By constructing different scenarios based on the analysis of the evolution in mobility trends and settling patterns, retraced considering both demographic dynamics and  large scale projects, this article estimates the effects generated by the new railway connections in terms of extension of the Marco Polo airport’s catchment area and the related impacts on air traffic, in terms of potential new passengers. 


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Paola Pucci, Politecnico di Milano, DAStU

She is Full Professor in Urban planning and from 2013 to 2018 Research Director of the PhD course in Urban Planning Design and Policy (UPDP) at the Politecnico di Milano.

Giovanni Lanza, Politecnico di Milano, DASTU

He is PhD Candidate at the Politecnico di Milano


Akhavan, M. & Vecchio, G. (2018). Mobility and Accessibility of the Ageing Society. Tema. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 9-22. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5757

Albalate, D., Bel, G., & Fageda, X. (2015). Competition and cooperation between high-speed rail and air transportation services in Europe. Journal of Transport Geography , 42, 166-174. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.07.003

Bonnafous, A. (1987). The regional impact of the TGV. Transportation June, 14 (2), 127–137. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00837589

Boschetto, P., & Bove, A. (2012). Production facilities sprawl: the Veneto’s case. TeMA. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 5(1), 79-100. doi: https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/736

Commissione Europea (2011). Libro Bianco: Tabella di marcia verso uno spazio europeo dei trasporti. Per una politica dei trasporti competitiva e sostenibile Bruxelles.

D'Alfonso, T., Jiang, C., & Bracaglia, V. (2016). Air transport and high-speed rail competition: Environmental implications and mitigation strategies. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 92, 261-276. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2016.06.009

DLR, German Aerospace Center (2010). Topical report: Airport accessibility in Europe, European Commission, Koln, September.

Dobruszkes, F., Dehon, C., & Givoni, M. (2014). Does European high-speed rail affect the current level of air services? An EU-wide analysis. Transportation Research Part A, 69, 461–475. doi: https://doi.org/10.10/j.tra.2014.09.004

Fregolent, L., & Vettoretto, L. (2017). Genesis of a fluid metropolitan space: urban metamorphoses in Venice and Veneto. In Balducci A. et al. (Eds.) Post-Metropolitan Territories. Looking for a new Urbanity, Routledge, Abingdon, 75-94. Retrivied from: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315625300/chapters/10.4324/9781315625300-5

GARA (Global Air Rail Alliance) and SEA Aeroporti Milano (2015) Air rail Italia Ebook 2015. Retrivied from: https://www.globalairrail.com/images/content/publications/brochures/AirRail%20Italia%20E-book-2.pdf, Consultato in data 23 Marzo 2019

Givoni, M., & Banister, D. (2006). Airline and railway integration. Transport Policy, 13, 386-397. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2006.02.001

Geurs and van Wee (2004). Accessibility evaluation of land-use and transport strategies: review and research directions. Journal of Transport Geography 12, 127–140. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2003.10.005

Hansen, W.G. (1959). How accessibility shapes land-use. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 25, 73-76. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944365908978307

Janic, M. (1993). A model of competition between high speed rail and air transport. Transportation planning and technology . 17 (1), 1–23. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/03081069308717496

Jiménez, J.L., & Betancor, O. (2012). When trains go faster than planes: the strategic reaction of airlines in Spain. Transport Policy, 23, 34–41. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.06.003

Klein, O. (1997). Le TGV-Atlantique et les évolutions de la mobilité: entre crise et concurrence. Les Cahiers Scientifiques du Transport, 32, 57–83. Retrivied from: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00140003/

Martín, J.C., & Nombela, G. (2008). Microeconomic impacts of investments in high speed trains in Spain. The Annals of Regional Science, 41, 715–733. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-007-0116-8

Mell, J. (2013). High speed rail stations at airports: report from France. In: Presentation at the16th Annual Transportation and Infrastructure Summit

IATA (2018) Industry Statistics Factsheet Retrivied from: https://www.iata.org/pressroom/facts_figures/fact_sheets/Documents/fact-sheet-industry-facts.pdf

LAirA (Landside Airport Accessibility) Interreg Project (2017) Air-rail Link Action Plan 1. Retrivied from: https://www.interreg-central.eu/Content.Node/Action-Plan-1.pdf, Consultato in data 23 Marzo 2019

Ouyang, J. (2012). Applications and Planning Theories of the Rail Transportation System in Airport Based on Air-Rail Intermodalism. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 178, 1744-1747). Trans Tech Publications. doi: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.178-181.1744

Pucci P. (1998). Le piattaforme multimodali di trasporto: nuovi oggetti urbani. Lyon Satolas et Roissy Charles de Gaulles In: Morandi C., Pucci P. (Eds). Prodotti notevoli, Ricerca sui fattori di successo di progetti di trasformazione urbana, Angeli, Milano, 29-72.

Pucci, P., & Vecchio, G. (2019). Enabling mobilities. Planning Tools for People and Their Mobilities. SpringerBriefs Online ISBN 978-3-030-19581-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-19581-6

Román, C., Espino, R., & Martín, J.C. (2007). Competition of high-speed train with air transport: the case of Madrid–Barcelona. Journal of Air Transport Management , 13, 277–284. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2007.04.009

Varlet J. (1992). Réseaux de transports rapides et interconnexions en Europe Occidentale. L'information géographique, 3, 101-114. ISSN 0020-0093

Vickerman, R. (1997). High-speed rail in Europe: experience and issues for future development. The Annals of Regional Science, 31, 21–38. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s001680050037

Xia, W.,& Zhang, A. (2017). Air and high speed rail transport integration on profits and welfare: Effects of air-rail connecting time. Journal of Air Transport Management, 65, 181-190. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2017.06.008

Xia, W., Jiang, C., Wang, K., & Zhang, A. (2019). Air-rail revenue sharing in a multi-airport system: Effects on traffic and social welfare. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 121, 304-319. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2018.10.002

How to Cite
PucciP., & LanzaG. (2019). High speed rail and airport. Future scenarios in Marco Polo Airport in Venice. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(3), 265-282. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6072
LUME (Land Use, Mobility and Environment)