Air Transport Implications in Tourist Destinations. The Trapani Airport in Western Sicily

  • Enrique Calderon Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
  • Paolo Ventura University of Parma
  • Alessandro Massaro University of Parma
Keywords: Regional and Urban Planning, Network, Tourism, Connections, Economic Data, Accessibility, Environment


This search following the Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (25,460 sq km) and a self-governing Region, located in the southernmost part of Italy, has at least four tourist-related airports, sited between the eastern and western coast, separated from each other by a vast territory without efficient transport links and suffering from many diverse environmental problems. Utilizing a desk search methodology based on GIS software, this paper discusses the impact upon the regional development of the tourist traffic of the Trapani Airport situated in the westernmost part of Sicily. Ultimately it analyzes the critical role of connectivity and accessibility in the development of the area and tourism, seeking a maximum involvement of stakeholders. The recent growth of low-cost carriers have had a definite impact on the economic growth of the entire territory, where those choices could determine the life or the death of firms and, inevitably, their annual incomes. Tourism and connectivity are strictly related, thus showing deficiencies of the area in terms of accessibility, as well as the trade-offs between the different government (central and local) investment policies and the specific benefits emerging from the airport in the regional mobility.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Enrique Calderon, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Presently retired, Professor Enrique J. Calderón has been Head of the Càtedra de Planificación y Acción Territorial at the Department of Regional, Urban and Environmental Planning in the Polytechnic University of Madrid since it was created in 1982. He has a degree in Civil Engineering at the Polytechnic University of Madrid with subsequent degrees at Imperial College, London (M.Sc) and Madrid (Ph.D). He specializes in urban, regional and environmental issues at all levels, notably environmental subsidies, and social impact assessment, and the incorporation of environmental factors in government policies and programmes, and he has published widely in these field. He has been a regular consultant for various DGs of the European Commission and government departments within and outside Spain on the impact of EU policies upon Spanish economic and social development. He is, presently, General Secretary of Hispania Nostra, the Spanish subsidiary of Europa Nostra, a EU organization for the protection of the natural and built environment.

Paolo Ventura, University of Parma

Paolo Ventura is full professor in Urban and Regional Planning, chaired the European Specialized Master's in Urban Regeneration (2014-2018) and the Graduate School of Architecture (2013-2016) at the University of Parma, where  is member of the Doctoral School in Civil Engineering and Architecture and teaches Regional Planning.  He has been National Delegate in the COST - Urban Civil Engineering committee on behalf of the Ministry of Scientific and Technological Research (1992-2006), member of the Architecture and Children Commission at UIA (2004-2010) on behalf of the Italian National Council of Architects. Since 1974 till 2006, he has done teaching and research activities at the School of Architecture of the University of Florence (PhD Program in Landscape Design within the Doctoral School in Landscape Planning) and other universities: in Nineties Regional and Urban Planning at Milan Polytechnic, at the University of Florence  and at the Engineering School of the University of Brescia, then at the School of Architecture of Parma, since 2003. He has been President of the Council of Lombardy Boards of Architects (2010-2012) and President of the Board of Architects of the Province of Brescia (1993-2013). He has been chairman, organizer or invited speaker in many relevant international and national conferences. He is author of numerous national and international scientific publications with outstanding publishers (Mc Graw-Hill and Springer). He is author of important appraisals on Urban Planning and Construction on behalf of the Judicial Authority and of various urban and architectural plans and projects. He directed a several National or International Researches, among which the following ones: Regional Plan of  Casentino Valley (about 800; Buffer zone of the Casentinesi Forest National Park, (1996); preliminary study (1998-99) for The World Bank (Washington) for the Urban Retrofitting of the town of Saranda (Albania); National Resaerch Program "Urban Planning of Housing Developments with priority pedestrian mobility" financed by MIUR; European Research Program C27 “Sustainable Development Policies for Minor Deprived Urban Communities from 2004 to 2010“; Scientific and Research Center project at the University of Parma (2009-10), Reconstruction Plan of the quake-damaged historic center of Navelli (2011-13).

Alessandro Massaro, University of Parma

He has an EU Masters Level II in Urban Regeneration - Analytical techniques for the protection and redevelopment of the built environment, DICATeA, University of Parma, Italy. Persistent, innovative, and reliable senior Architect, engineer, construction manager, business leader, and urban planner with broad experience collaborating with municipalities, regional governments, and academic institutions on historical renovations and in airport development. Expert at architectural design and renovation of commercial properties, residential properties, and historic buildings. Keen business intelligence and interpersonal skills to collaborate with key project stakeholders, contractors, sub-contractors, and local government representatives. Dedicated mentor, coach, and teacher to promote urban regeneration, accessibility, and intelligent cities.


Airport, B. I. (2005). Environmental Impact Assessment of the Expansion of Bristol International Airport. Bristol, UK: Entec UK Limited. al., S. A. e., 2016. Atlas of Urban Expansion Vol. I, II. s.l.:s.n.

Bilotkach, V., Clougherty, J. A., Mueller, J., & Zhang, A. (2012). Regulation, privatization, and airport charges: panel data evidence from European airports. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 42 (1), 73-94.

CESUR (2007). The consequences of the growing european low-cost arline sector. [Online]

retrieved from:

COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology, n.d. [Online] retrieved from:

Di Pietro, G. F. (1978). Strumenti urbanistici e identità del territorio. Parametro, Issue 63.

Dimitriou, D., Voskaki, A. & Sartzetaki, M., (2014). Airports Environmental Management: Results from the Evaluation of European Airports Environmental Plans. International Journal of Information Systems and Supply Chain Management 7 (1), 1-14.

Giampaolo Basoli, M. R. (2018). Transport Dimension of the BRICS Penetration in the Mediterranean Region. Rome, Eu-ropean Insitute of the Mediterranean Region.

Guan, C., & Peiser, R. (2018). Accessibility, urban form, and property value: Toward a sustainable urban spatial struc-ture (No. eres2018_330). European Real Estate Society (ERES).

Gürler, E., & Gülersoy, N. Z. (2010). Paradigm Shifts and Urban Regeneration Process in Planning History. In 14th Interna-tional Planning History Society Conference. Retrieved from:

Healey, P. (2003). Collaborative Planning in Perspective. Planning Theory, SAGE Publications, 2 (2), 101–123. doi:

Kazda, A., Hromádka, M., & Mrekaj, B. (2017). Small regional airports operation: unnecessary burdens or key to regional development. Transportation Research Procedia, 28, 59-68. doi:

Kepaptsoglou, K., Karlaftis, M. G., & Tsamboulas, D. (2010). The Gravity Model Specification for Modeling International Trade Flows and Free Trade Agreement Effects: A 10-Year Review of Empirical Studies. The Open Economics Journal. doi:

Kwakkel, J. H., Walker, W. E., & Marchau, V. A. W. J. (2010). Adaptive airport strategic planning. European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 10 (3). doi:

Lupi, M.(2009). Methods and models for planning the development of regional airport systems. Milano: Franco Angeli (Tra-sporti).

MIT (2010). Stato del sistema aeroportuale nazionale. Studio dello sviluppo futuro della rete aeroportuale nazionale quale componente strategica dell'organizzazione strutturale del territorio. In: Vol3_ParteII_CAP_08_SUD. s.l.:s.n.

Ng, Y. C., & Sheate, W. R. (1997). Environmental impact assessment of airport development proposals in the United King-dom and Hong Kong: who should participate?. Project Appraisal, 12(1), 11-24. doi:

Sameh, M. M., & Scavuzzi, J. (2016). Environmental Sustainability Measures for Airports. Occasional Paper Series: Sus-tainable International Civil Aviation.

Schaar, J. (2018). The Geopolitical Impact of Climate Change in the Mediterranean Region. Rome, IEMed. Mediterranean Yearbook.

Tavasszy, L., Bollinger, L. A., & Dijkema, G. P. (2016). Special issue on Climate adaptation of infrastructure networks. Eu-ropean Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, 16 (1).

Ülkü, T., Jeleskovic, V., & Müller, J. (2014). How scale and institutional setting explain the costs of small airports? An application of spatial regression analysis. Joint Discussion Paper Series in Economics.

Van de Vijver, E., Derudder, B., & Witlox, F. (2016). Air passenger transport and regional development: Cause and effect in Europe. Promet-Traffic&Transportation, 28 (2), 143-154.

Ventura, P. & Tiboni, M. (2016). Sustainable Development Policies for Minor Deprived Urban Communities and Natural and Cultural Heritage Conservation. In: F. Rotondo, F. Selicato, V. Marin & J. Lòpez Galdeano, eds. Cultural Territorial Systems. Springer International Publishing.

Ventura, P., Montepara, A. & Sollazzi, J. (2015). Regional Development and Airport in Northern and Central Italy. Giuseppe Verdi Airport, Parma case study.

Vicarelli, C. (2005). Hub-and-spoke or else? Free trade agreements in the ‘enlarged’ European Union. The European journal of comparative economics, 2 Febbraio.

Vinci, I., & Cutaia, F. (2019). Implementing the environmental dimension of the EU’s Urban Agenda 2014-2020. TeMA. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12 (2), 139-146.

Wells, A. T. (2004) (5th edition). Airport planning and management. United States: McGraw-Hill.

Yu, N., Jong, M. d., Storm, S. & Mi, J. (2013). Spatial spillover effects of transport infrastructure: evidence from Chinese regions. Retrieved from

How to Cite
CalderonE., VenturaP., & MassaroA. (2019). Air Transport Implications in Tourist Destinations. The Trapani Airport in Western Sicily. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(3), 331-350.
LUME (Land Use, Mobility and Environment)