About the effects of Covid-19 on solid waste management
Over the last months, spread of the SaRS Co-V 19 virus has been much more than a healthcare emergency. It overrun people’s life styles, society’s organizational models, welfare systems, the economy and business world, as well as solid waste management schemes. The critical issues that have emerged require actions to overcome the crisis, while paving the way to achieve sustainable development goals: in this view, the CoViD-19 emergency may represent an opportunity, as suggested by the International Institute for the Sustainable Development. This work discusses the impact of the CoViD-19 emergency on both the generation and the management of solid waste originating from both household and healthcare activities. Data about the amount of waste produced and associated ordinary handling procedures were gathered in order to highlight how both have been affected by the measures implemented to cope with the emergency. The vulnerabilities of the overall solid waste management system have been revealed, pointing out the need for a careful rethinking of possible avenues for future development.
Cesaro, A. & Belgiorno, V. (2017). Sustainability of medical waste management in different sized health care facilities. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 8: 1819 - 1827. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-016-9730-y.
European Commission (2020). Waste management in the context of the coronavirus crisis. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/waste_management_guidance_dg-env.pdf
Grosso, A., De Palma, G. & Federico A. (2020). La gestione dei rifiuti sanitari in Campania. Retrieved from: https://www.snpambiente.it/2020/04/22
ISPRA (2019a). Rapporto Rifiuti Urbani. Retrieved from: https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/archivio/eventi/2019/12/rapporto-rifiuti-urbani-edizione-2019
ISPRA (2019b). Rapporto Rifiuti Speciali. Retrieved from: https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/pubblicazioni/rapporti/rapporto-rifiuti-speciali-edizione-2019#:~:text=Il%20Rapporto%20Rifiuti%20Speciali%2C%20giunto,la%20Protezione%20dell'Ambiente%2C%20in
ISPRA (2020). Prime indicazioni generali per la gestione dei rifiuti – emergenza CoViD-19. Approvato dal Consiglio del Sistema Nazionale per la Protezione dell’Ambiente in data 23 marzo 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.snpambiente.it/2020/03/24/emergenza-covid-19-indicazioni-snpa-sulla-gestione-dei-rifiuti/
ISS (2020). Rapporto ISS COVID-19 - n. 3/2020 Rev. Indicazioni ad interim per la gestione dei rifiuti urbani in relazione alla trasmissione dell’infezione da virus SARS-CoV-2. Versione del 31 marzo 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.iss.it/altre-pubblicazioni/-/asset_publisher/btw1J82wtYzH/content/rapporto-iss-covid-19-n.-3-2020-indicazioni-ad-interim-per-la-gestione-dei-rifiuti-urbani-in-relazione-alla-trasmissione-dell-infezione-da-virus-sars-cov-2
Lavagnolo, M.C. & Pivato A. (2020). Municipal waste management and Covid-19. IWWG Short Communications, vol. IV del 03.04.2020. Retrieved from: https://www.tuhh.de/iue/iwwg/news-messages.html#c107996
Wang, C., Zhao, L., Lim, M.K., Chen, W.-Q. & Sutherland, J.W. (2020). Structure of the global plastic waste trade network and the impact of China’s import Ban. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 153: 104591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.104591
Yu, H., Sun, X., Solvang, W.D. & Zhao, X. (2020). Reverse logistics network design for effective management of medical waste in epidemic outbreaks: insights from the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan (China). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 1770, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051770.
Zambrano-Monserrate M.A., Ruano M.A., Sanchez-Alcalde L. (2020). Indirect effects of COVID-19 on the environment. In press on Science of the Total Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138813.
Copyright (c) 2020 TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.
3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access)