Evaluation vs landscape planning in the Italian framework

Is the risk prevention a utopia?

Keywords: Territory, Landscape Planning, Risk, Indicators


Territorial management can be implemented through an intervention perspective concerning a plurality of characteristics inherent to natural and artificial resources, in order to guarantee protection of environmental and territorial identity. The thesis, to be addressed in this paper, concerns the question of whether landscape planning is able to prevent and protect against the risks deriving from poor management of the territory. In particular, in Italy the Landscape Plan, in the role it assumes under the so called Urbani Code, recognizes the value of the territories in an attempt to direct the safeguarding and restoration of landscape values. In this paper the role of Strategic Environmental Assessments in the prevention of risks in the hypothesis of reasonable alternatives has been analysed.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Donatella Cialdea, L.a.co.s.t.a. Laboratory University of Molise, Italy

Full Professor (Urban Planning) at the University of Molise since 1988. She is the Director of the Laboratory L.A.Co.S.T.A. (Laboratory for activities relating to Territorial and Environmental Development) at the University of Molise in order to prepare students and operators in the Geographical Information Systems field. Dean of the Faculty of Engineering from 2009 to 2012 and the Coordinator of the PhD Course in "Landscape Analysis and Valorisation" at the University of Molise and the University of Sassari based consortium. She was the Scientific Coordinator of the International Master Level I Pro.D.U.C.T.I.V.E. Coast (Proposal for the Development of Urban and Coastal Territory in relation to the Value of the Environment), aimed at the technical-scientific training of a specific professional figure - the Selective Interpreter of Territorial Data. At present she is a Vice-President of the National Landscape Committee of the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage. She is also a Member of the Italian Steering Committee for the River Contracts.


Aucelli, P.P.C., Baranello, S., Rosskopf, C.M., Russo, M. & Scapillati, N. (2003). The rainfall event of 24-26 January 2003 in the Molise region: its effects on soil erosion and slope failure. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Geomorphological sensitivity and system response, Camerino-Modena Apennines, July 2003.

Aucelli, P.P.C., Brancaccio, L., Ravera, F. & Rosskopf, C.M. (2004) Landslide susceptibility along the Adriatic flank of Southern Apennines (Italy): the case of Molise Region. In: Singh S., Sharma, H.S. & De S.K. (Eds) Geomorphology and Environment. ACB Publications: Kolkata, India. pp. 168-181.

Bartletta, D., Gomez-Martina, E., Millikena, S. & Parmerb, D. (2017). Introducing landscape character assessment and the ecosystem service approach to India: A case study. Landscape and Urban Planning, 167, 257–266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.06.013.

Butler, A. & Berglund, U. (2014). Landscape Character Assessment as an Approach to Understanding Public Interests within the European Landscape Convention. Journal Landscape Research, 39(3), 219-236.

Bruni, D. (2016). Landscape quality and sustainability indicators. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 8, 698 – 705.

Carvalho de Assis Dia, M., Midori Saito, S, dos Santos Alvalà, R.C., Seluchi, M.E., Bernardes, T., Mioni Camarinha P.I., Stenner, C. & Afonso Nobre, C. (2020). Vulnerability index related to populations at-risk for landslides in the Brazilian Early Warning System (BEWS). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 49, 101742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101742.

Cassatella, C. & Peano, A. (Eds.) (2011). Landscape Indicators. Assessing and Monitoring Landscape Quality. Springer: Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York.

Cialdea, D. (2007a). Definition of Landscape Quality Aims and Ongoing Research. In: Cialdea D. Interreg Reports. Materials for Adriatic Cross Border Project Report N. 3. Environmental Assessment GES.S.TER./Interreg IIIA. Campobasso: Arti Grafiche La Regione. pp. 154-173.

Cialdea, D. (2007b). L’edilizia rurale in Molise. Un’ipotesi di catalogazione. Ripalimosani: Arti Grafiche La Regione.

Cialdea, D. (2017). Sustainable Actions for Urban and Territorial Re-generation. International Journal Of Design & Nature And Ecodynamics. doi: 10.2495/DNE-V12-N3-271-280.

Cialdea, D. (2019). Ancient Territories and New Scenarios. Campobasso: artigrafichelaregione.

Cialdea, D. (2020). The city and natural resources. Pandemic disaster can be a driving force for new perspective. TEMA Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. Special Issue | Covid-19 vs City-20. 67-79. doi:10.6092/1970-9870/6861.

Cervelli, E., Pindozzi, S. & Cialdea. D. (2018). Land development support in marginal areas. An opportunity of environmental quality implementation. In: Leone A. & Gargiulo C. (Ed). Environmental and territorial modelling for planning and design. Napoli: FedOAPress. pp. 47-56. DOI:10.6093/978-88-6887-048-5.

Coe, J.A. (2012). Regional moisture balance control of landslide motion: implications for landslide forecasting in a changing climate. Geology ,40 (4), 323–326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G32897.1.

Crozier, M.J. (2010). Deciphering the effect of climate change on landslide activity: a review. Geomorphology ,124, 260–267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.04.009.

Dijkstra, T.A. & Dixon, N. (2010). Climate change and slope stability: Challenges and approaches. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43 (4), 371–385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/1470-9236/09-036.

European Commission & Italian Environment Ministry (2003). European Common Indicators. Towards a Local Sustainability Profile.

European Commission (2017-2022), COproductioN with NaturE for City Transitioning, INnovation and Governance. A Retrieved from: https://cordis.europa.eu/.

European Union (2018). Floods Directive: progress in assessing risks, while planning and implementation need to improve. Special Report 25/2018.

Gariano, S.L. & Guzzetti, F. (2016). Landslides in a changing climate. Earth-Science Reviews, 162, 227–252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2016.08.011.

Griffiths, G. (2018). Transferring Landscape Character Assessment from the UK to the Eastern Mediterranean: Challenges and Perspectives. Land 2018, 7, 36. doi: 10.3390/land7010036.

IDROGEO Web Portal. Retrieved from: https://idrogeo.isprambiente.it/.

ISPRA lstituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (2018). Dissesto idrogeologico in Italia: pericolosità e indicatori di rischio, Rapporto 287/2018.

Jellema, A., Stobbelaar, D., Groot, J. & Rossing, W (2009). Landscape character assessment using region growing techniques in geographical information systems. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, S161–S174. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.031.

Łowicki, D. (2017). Landscape metrics as an indicators of landscape value. In Łowicki, D. Landscape metrics as an indicators of landscape value. The Problems of Landscape Ecology, Vol. XLIV, p. 99-108.

McInnes, R., Jakeways, J., Fairbank, H. & Mathie, E. (Eds.) (2007). Landslides and Climate Change: Challenges and Solutions. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Landslides and Climate Change. Ventnor Isle of Wight, UK. http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/noe0415443180.

Nowaka, A. & Grunewaldb, K. (2018). Landscape sustainability in terms of landscape services in rural areas: Exemplified with a case study area in Poland. Ecological Indicators, 94, 12–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.01.059.

Prestigiacomo, D. & Lecca, T. (2018). Dissesto idrogeologico: dall’Ue 1,6 miliardi in 14 anni. Retrieved from: https://europa.today.it/.

Regione Molise (2004a), L.R. 20 maggio 2004, n. 13 Riclassificazione sismica del territorio regionale e nuova normativa sismica. BOLLETTINO UFFICIALE DELLA REGIONE MOLISE – N. 11 del 1 giugno 2004.

Regione Molise (2004b), L.R. 23 giugno 2004, n. 17 Modifiche alla legge regionale 24 maggio 2004, n. 13, concernente: 'Riclassificazione sismica del territorio regionale e nuova normativa sismica'. BOLLETTINO UFFICIALE DELLA REGIONE MOLISE – N. 18 del 16 settembre 2004.

Regione Molise (2004c), L.R. 18 ottobre 2004, n. 21 Ulteriori modifiche ed integrazioni alla legge regionale n. 13/2004, ad oggetto: 'Riclassificazione sismica del territorio regionale e nuova normativa sismica'». BOLLETTINO UFFICIALE DELLA REGIONE MOLISE – N. 22 del 30 ottobre 2004.

Regione Molise (2006), Riclassificazione sismica del territorio regionale – Ordinanza del presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri n. 3519 del 28 aprile 2006.

Regione Molise (2019). Convenzione tra la Regione Molise - Dipartimento IV “Governo del Territorio” Servizio Pianificazione e Gestione Territoriale e Paesaggistica e l’Università degli Studi del Molise - Laboratorio l.a.co.s.t.a. (Direttore prof. Donatella Cialdea) Redazione nuovo piano paesaggistico della Regione Molise.

Repubblica Italiana MiBACT Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali (2003), Dal 280 a.C. al 31 ottobre 2002: i terremoti nel Molise: una continuità nei secoli. Campobasso, Editrice Fotolampo.

Repubblica Italiana (1985). Legge 8 agosto 1985, n. 431, Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 27 giugno 1985 n. 312, recante disposizioni urgenti per la tutela delle zone di particolare interesse ambientale. In G.U. n. 197 del 22/08/1985.

Repubblica Italiana (2003), Ordinanza del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri 20 marzo 2003 Primi elementi in materia di criteri generali per la classificazione sismica del territorio nazionale e di normative tecniche per le costruzioni in zona sismica. (GU Serie Generale n.105 del 08-05-2003 - Suppl. Ordinario n. 72).

Repubblica Italiana (2004). Decreto Legislativo n. 42/2004 Codice dei Beni Culturali e Paesaggistici ai sensi dell’art. 10 della Legge n. 137 del 6 luglio 2002.

Repubblica Italiana (2006), Ordinanza del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri 28 aprile 2006 Criteri generali per l'individuazione delle zone sismiche e per la formazione e l'aggiornamento degli elenchi delle medesime zone. (Ordinanza n. 3519). (GU Serie Generale n.108 del 11-05-2006).

Repubblica Italiana (2019). Codice dell'ambiente, Decreto Legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152 aggiornato con le modifiche introdotte dalla L. 27 dicembre 2019, n. 160.

Rosskopf, C.M. & Aucelli, P.P.C. (Eds) (2014). Evoluzione geomorfologica di lungo termine del paesaggio nell’Italia meridionale. Ripalimosani: Arti Grafiche La Regione.

Seneviratne, S.I., Nicholls, N., Easterling, D., Goodess, C.M., Kanae, S., Kossin, J., Luo, Y., Marengo, J., McInnes, K., Rahimi, M., Reichstein, M., Sorteberg, A., Vera, C. & Zhang, X. (2012). Changes in climate extremes and their impacts on the natural physical environment. In: Field, C.B., Barros et al. (Eds.), Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 109–230.

Syrbe, R.U., Schorcht, M., Grunewald, K. & Meinel, G. (2018). Indicators for a nationwide monitoring of ecosystem services in Germany exemplified by the mitigation of soil erosion by water. Ecological Indicators, 94, 46–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.05.035.

Tudor, C. (2014). An Approach to Landscape Character Assessment. Natural England: York, UK.

Uuemaa, E., Antrop, M., Roosaare, J., Marja, R. & Mander, U. (2009). Landscape Metrics and Indices: An Overview of Their Use in Landscape Research. Living Rev. Landscape Res., 3, 1.

Vogiatzakis, I. (2011). Mediterranean experience and practice in Landscape Character Assessment. Ecologia Mediterranea, 37 (1), 17-32. DOI: 10.3406/ecmed.2011.1344.

Walza, U. & Steinb, C. (2018). Indicator for a monitoring of Germany’s landscape attractiveness. Ecological Indicators, 94, 64–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.06.052.

How to Cite
CialdeaD. (2021). Evaluation vs landscape planning in the Italian framework. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 25-38. https://doi.org/10.6093/1970-9870/7423
The Emergency Plan for the use and management of the territory