Fostering holistic natural-risk resilience in spatial planning

Earthquake events, cultural heritage and communities

Keywords: (Land/Urban)scape values, comprehensive renewal, identity affirmation, Central Italy, City of Zagreb

Abstract

Natural disasters cause destruction of (land/urban)scape values and cultural heritage, social and cultural ties, and have direct impact on spatial resources that appeal to spatial planning from a perspective of enhancing present resilience and reducing future risks. The research aim is to build a knowledge framework on integrating perspectives of natural-risk resilience - natural risk, cultural heritage, communities, spatial resources and spatial planning, tested on research cases of earthquake affected areas in Italy and Croatia. The Heritage Urbanism approach is applied in comparison of Central Italy disaster experience and tendencies in the Croatian capital of Zagreb, providing identity factors and evaluation criteria that assist in reading existing resilience models and forming new models. Interrelation structures of (land/urban)scape resilience dimensions and models of natural-risk resilience contribute to enhancing risks-reduction and resilience in urban planning at high-risk exposure. Achieving holistic natural-risk resilience is possible when (land/urban)scape, cultural, identity, social, spatial, planning, economic resilience models are integrated in a way that they benefit from each other. Spatial planning responses to natural disasters that affect cultural and (land/urban)scape heritage, and spatial resources that have to be planned in close interaction with local communities to improve preparedness and prevent destruction, damage, and loss of collective memory, tradition, and identity.

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Author Biographies

Bojana Bojanić Obad Šćitaroci, Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb University, Zagreb, Croatia

Bojana Bojanić Obad Šćitaroci is a graduate architect and has a Ph.D. in the field of architecture, heritage and town planning. She is full professor at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Zagreb, the Department of town-planning, regional planning and landscape architecture (teaching subjects: landscape architecture and town-planning). She is the author/co-author of five books, about forty scientific articles, ten scientific studies from the field of landscape architecture, forty town-plans and studies and thirty designs from the field of garden and landscape architecture. She is a scientific-research counsellor (scientist no. 125251) at scientific-research projects registered at Ministry of science of Croatia: “Urban and Landscape Heritage of Croatia as Part of European Culture” (2002-2005) and “Urban and Landscape Heritage of Croatia as Part of European Culture” (2006-2013) and “Heritage Urbanism – urban and spatial models for revival and enhancement of cultural heritage” (HERU, HRZZ-2032, 2014-2018) financed by Croatian Science Foundation, which is being carried out at the Faculty of Architecture University of Zagreb. She is a scientific researcher in the international project Smart U Green (2017-2020). She is a reviewer of scientific-research projects in the field of architecture and town planning. She finished an international workshop for mentors Professionalization of PhD Supervision for mentoring in doctoral work.

Ilenia Pierantoni, School of Architecture and Design, University of Camerino, Ascoli Piceno, Italy

Ilenia Pierantoni is a graduate architect and a Post-Doc Research Fellow in the project "Smart Urban Green (Smart-U-Green) Governing conflicting perspectives on transformations in the urban-rural continuum" – JPI Urban Europe ERA-NET Cofund Smart Urban Futures at the School of Architecture and Design of the University of Camerino. She holds a Ph.D. in Territorial and Urban Planning, Ph.D. School in Civil Engineering and Architecture, Sapienza University of Rome; she is Assistant Professor in Territorial and Landscape Planning at the School of Architecture and Design of the University of Camerino and works as a planner on landscape and territorial planning in a number of different geographical contexts. Her research and work activities are focused on the intersections between human activity, environmental change, and planning policies, with particular attention to the value of greening in promoting multi-functionality, landscape quality, risk prevention, and local development.

Massimo Sargolini, School of Architecture and Design, University of Camerino, Ascoli Piceno, Italy

Massimo Sargolini is Full Professor of Town and Regional Planning at the School of Architecture and Design of the University of Camerino, scientific coordinator of the Consortium REDI – Reducing risks of natural disasters (INGV, INFN, GSSI and UNICAM). He's co-director of the Research Center on Territory and Landscape (Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa, UNICAM); director of the Master course on "Inland areas. Strategies for development and regeneration after natural disasters"; director of the interdisciplinary research platform SUSTAINSCAPES; coordinator of the Scientific Board of INU (Italian Urban Planning Institute) Community "Innerland and Reconstruction processes"; member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN. He's scientific coordinator of extensive scientific multi-disciplinary research, international research projects, spatial planning, and project activities concerning: risk prevention and planning; city and nature, environment, landscape planning and development, nature conservation and management (particularly on protected areas), quality of life.  In particular, he works on the topics of scientific support to the interaction between governments and communities, at the different stages of decision making. He’s author of more. He’s author of more than 400 publications about relations between landscapes and people.

Ana Sopina, Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb University, Zagreb, Croatia

Ana Sopina is a graduate architect, an assistant at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Zagreb, the Department of town-planning, regional planning and landscape architecture, and a PhD student of the Postgraduate doctoral scientific study: Architecture and Urbanism, at the Faculty of architecture, University of Zagreb. She participated in national  and international scientific research projects: Urban and Landscape Heritage of Croatia as Part of European Culture (2006-2013) led by Prof. Mladen Obad Šćitaroci, PhD; Urban Emanation (2014-2019) lead by: Prof. Bojana Bojanić Obad Šćitaroci, PhD; Heritage Urbanism – Urban and Spatial Planning Models for Revival and Enhancement of Cultural Heritage (2014-2018) HRZZ 2032, project leadership of Prof. Mladen Obad Šćitaroci, PhD; SMART-U-GREEN – Governing conflicting perspectives on transformations in the urban rural continuum (2017.-2020.) lead by: Dr. Matthijs Hisschemoller, DRIFT. She actively participates in scientific research in fields of spatial and urban planning and landscape architecture, with special interest in relationship of landscape and urban areas, and relation of urban development and public landscape places. In her professional work she participated in projects of spatial and urban planning, urban study, project of landscape architecture renovation, architectural projects and architectural project on protected cultural heritage. She is connecting dots between photography, architecture, urbanism, landscape architecture, field research and scientific research.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Bojanić Obad Šćitaroci, B., Pierantoni, I., Sargolini, M., & Sopina, A. (2021). Fostering holistic natural-risk resilience in spatial planning. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 155-179. https://doi.org/10.6093/1970-9870/7427
Section
The Emergency Plan for the use and management of the territory