Planning to prevent disasters

Keywords: Safety, Securety, Planning in risk areas


The evolution of cities, whose pattern is all but regular, is sometimes marked by rare events that may disrupt the normal development. Throughout history, cities grow and shrink, flourish and perish, in a slow and somehow predictable way, but sometimes they suffer sudden and unexpected changes. Those breakages that profoundly modify their urban schemes and land-uses, their identity and their economic and social activities, transform them into entirely new cities or radically convert large portion of space.

Whatever the outcome of a disaster could be, although it may result in a pattern of positive development, we must prevent the loss of human lives, the suffering, the loss and damages that accompanies every catastrophe. The main task of human action must therefore be risk mitigation, bearing in mind that risk is always present and the resources to mitigate it are often scarce.

Without going into the detail of any particular event and with methodological intent, the paper will try to investigate how we can better understand risk and how planning may influence the mitigation of risk.


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Author Biography

Maurizio Tira, DICATAM-University of Brescia

Engineer, Full Professor of Town and regional planning in the University of Brescia, where he teaches Urban Planning and risk mitigation (in English) and Town and regional planning.
He is Rector of the University of Brescia. He is also a member of the College of Professors of the Ph.D. Course in Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Brescia. In the past, he was Deputy rector for disable students and Chair of the Courses and Master Courses in Civil and Environmental Engineering, member of the board of the Italian Society of Urban Planners and the Coordinator of Italian Local Agenda 21 Association.
He has been doing research uninterruptedly since 1989, mainly at the University of Brescia, but also at research institutions abroad. His main research fields are “accessibility and safety in urban environment”, “urban and traffic planning”, “environmental assessment” and “regional planning”.
He has been responsible of several EU funded research programmes, concerning town and regional planning, sustainable mobility, planning in hazardous areas, road safety and energy. He recently chaired the COST Action TU0602 “Land management for urban dynamics”, where the main topics of land management regimes and tools were assessed. Invited expert at OECD for two working groups about pedestrian and cyclist safety, it is a permanent expert at the European Transport Safety Council (Brussels), he is President of the Italian Centre for Town planning studies (CeNSU), member of the board of the National Society of Urban Planners and of the Coordination of the Association “Agenda 21st century”. Author of several books, papers and other publications (more than 200 in total), he has been invited as a speaker to a large number of Conferences in Italy and abroad.


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How to Cite
TiraM. (2021). Planning to prevent disasters. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 191-202.
The Emergency Plan for the use and management of the territory