About non-knowledge in Knowledge management for planning: Towards an applied ontological approach

Keywords: Spatial planning, Decision-making support, Ontological models, Non-knowledge


This work contains reflections on the awareness of how the lack of knowledge and the unknown are important elements to consider during any territorial and environmental planning process. The unknown can affect dramatically the effectiveness of choices and start a chain of unpredictable consequences. The awareness of such issues emerged dramatically with the recent pandemic. Plans often deal with policy decisions, planning decisions that interest collectivity, human and non-human beings, our space, our territories and our time (or portions of time). Such plans (either for households or a city or a region) have to cope with unexpected events, uncertainties, with unwanted consequences. After an exploration of some theoretical aspects of knowledge and non-knowledge, we argue about the extent to which ontologies can be a useful conceptual approach to deal with the lack of knowledge and the unknown in planning.


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Author Biographies

Maria Rosaria Stufano Melone, Polytechnic of Bari

Post-doc researcher at the Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy. Her research interests are spatial cognition in environmental planning, memory and creativity management in urban planning, architecture and design, decision support systems, ontological analysis applied ontologies as method to manage knowledge in designing and planning processes. She has published and delivered research papers in national and international journals and conferences.

Domenico Camarda, Polytechnic University of Bari Bari, Italy

Full professor at the Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy, where he teaches Regional Planning and Engineering. His research interests are Environmental planning, Spatial cognition models in planning, Multi-agent planning models, Decision-support systems. He published about 80 papers in international journals and conference papers, 1 authored book, 5 edited books and book chapters and several informational articles.


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How to Cite
Stufano MeloneM. R., & CamardaD. (2022). About non-knowledge in Knowledge management for planning: Towards an applied ontological approach. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 15(1), 79-87. https://doi.org/10.6093/1970-9870/8297