Remote sensing investigation of spatiotemporal land-use changes

A case study of Batticaloa town in sri lanka from 1979 to 2021

Keywords: Land use, Land cover, Remote sensing, GIS, Urbanization


Rapid and haphazard urbanization has disastrous environmental and socio-economic consequences. The increase of unofficial habitation characterizes urbanization in Batticaloa town. Urban land use and cover changes require research to plan and ensure long-term growth. This study employed geographic information systems and Landsat imagery from 1979, 2000, and 2021 to look at regional and temporal variations in Batticaloa's land use cover. A support vector machine and supervised classification constructed the land use cover maps. The transition matrices produced from the classified map were further investigated to find the essential change processes for prioritizing planning, and during the 42 years investigated, built-up, including residential, commercial, and public facilities, increased in a similar vein (i.e., mangroves, paddyland, vegetation-covered areas, and shrubs). Land use cover modifications happened more quickly between 2000 and 2021 than between 1979 and 2000. The analysis found that only one land-use category, net built-up area changes, grew by 8.2%, and the average yearly change was 0.22%. By  21.9%, paddy land area substantially increased. Bare lands rose 4.45%, and thick woods fell 21.37%. These data show built-up areas frequently targeted bare terrain. This research laid the groundwork for long-term urban planning and development in Batticaloa Town. 


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Author Biographies

Kulasegaram Partheepan, Department of Biosystems Technology Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka

Kulasegaram Partheepan, a PhD student at the Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, is an experienced development professional with over 16 years of involvement with the United Nations. He has dedicated his career to supporting crisis recovery efforts in the North and East provinces of Sri Lanka. Partheepan is actively engaged in research within the fields of Geoinformatics, Climate Change, and Environmental Science. He holds an MSc in Geoinformatics from the Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture at the University of Peradeniya. Furthermore, he completed his bachelor's degree at the Eastern University of Sri Lanka. 

Muneeb M. Musthafa, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka

Dr. Muneeb M. Musthafa is a senior lecturer and head of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka. He has been an active researcher in the field of ecology, biodiversity, conservation, environmental science and animal science. He has completed PhD from the University of Malaya, Malaysia under the International Graduate Research Scholarship, where he carried out his research on beetle diversity in a montane ecosystem of Malaysia. He has completed his bachelor’s degree from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka and his MSc in Animal Science from King Saud University, Saudi Arabia under scholarship, where he has worked on a number of projects related to genetic diversity of goat and sheep of Saudi Arabia. Then he extended his research expertise at China (Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing) on fecundity gene and Ege University, Turkey. So far, he has produced more than 50 peer-reviewed, indexed journal research articles, while participating in a number of international conferences. He is a member of a number of international societies and recently became the chief editor of a new journal called Sri Lankan Journal Technology. He has contributed immensely to establishing postgraduate research degree programs at the Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka. Recently he is working on microplastic pollution in marine ecosystems in collaboration with the Centre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), UK. 

Thangamani Bhavan, Department of Economics, Faculty of Commerce & Management, Eastern University, Sri Lanka

Thangamani Bhavan is a Professor in Economics, attached to the Department of Economics, Faculty of Commerce and Management, Eastern University, Sri Lanka. He received his PhD in Western Economics at the School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and his MSc in Agricultural Economics at the Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya. His teaching and research interests are in the area of international financial flows, Trade, and Environmental Resource Management. 


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How to Cite
PartheepanK., MusthafaM. M., & BhavanT. (2023). Remote sensing investigation of spatiotemporal land-use changes. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 16(2), 383-402.