Transports and Energy: Urban Strategies for Planning

  • Ilaria Delponte Università degli Studi di Genova, DICAT, Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio
  • Lorenza Tomasoni Università degli Studi di Genova, DICAT, Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio

Abstract

The fight against climate changing pushed the States of the EuropeanUnion to adopt new, strong and efficient objectives to protect theenvironment and improve life condition in urban centers.Particular attention is paid to the reduction of CO2 emissions in orderto promote a more livable environment and sustainable urbandevelopment. This growing communitarian policy and vision representsa suitable context for the introduction of innovative urban planningand managing practices allowing an attentive exploitation of naturalresources.The principle of sustainable and durable development and the newconcept of “energy planning” take to a revision of existent tools(PRG-Piano Regolatore Generale, PUM-Piano Urbano della Mobilità,etc.) used by Italian Public Administrations to plan and manage urbanspaces and to the introduction of new ones (PEC-Piano EnergeticoComunale, etc.).From this modern point of view, the field of transport and mobilitycovers a strategic role for two main reasons. The first is the relevantcontribution of transports to the production of CO2 emissions(transports are responsible of the 30 - 40% of CO2 emissions in urbancenters) and other toxic matters (PM10, NOx etc.); the second one isthe strong impact that the effectiveness of public transports can haveon citizens’ quality of life and the reduction of private cars’ use.Taking into account the wide range of fields, activities and serviceswhose efficiency and sustainability depends on that one of the urbanmobility system, a great number of actions can be proposed.The effective problem is the complexity of their mutual interaction inorder to satisfy urban exigencies and respect existing regulatoryindications.The analysis of alternative actions, technologies and scenarios thatLocal Administration can suppose to apply and/or realize might resultvery interesting taking into consideration also the recentcommunitarian policy of “20-20-20” aiming to reach a reduction of20% in greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption to comefrom renewable resources and primary energy use.It turns out to be necessary a revision of existing management andplanning tools in the field of mobility and the engagement of newmethodologies (monitoring indicators, campaign for citizens’involvement, dynamic and temporal use of infrastructures, etc.) andtechnologies (biofuels, electric vehicles, etc.) to support LocalAdministration during a transitional moment in which long and shorttermdevelopment plans are strongly questioned.The more interesting strategic tool recently introduced into LA landplanning practices is the “Action Plan”.Starting from the identification of environmental, social and economicalweaknesses and treats of the urban system the “Action Plan” tries toindividuate critical situations and propose, as a kind of agenda, timesand modalities of LA actions.Being strongly involved in these items, the city of Genoa turns to bea meaningful case study.

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Author Biographies

Ilaria Delponte, Università degli Studi di Genova, DICAT, Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio
Engineer and PhD in Town and Territorial Planning, her research interests are addressed to mobility andharbour planning. She carries out scientific activities for the Department DICAT at the Faculty of Engineeringof Genoa, where she is teaching also “Town and Territorial Planning” as a co-teacher. Recently she has beeninvolved in the working out of municipal plans related to the energy planning.
Lorenza Tomasoni, Università degli Studi di Genova, DICAT, Dipartimento di Ingegneria delle Costruzioni, dell’Ambiente e del Territorio
Engineer and PhD student in Town and Territorial Planning at the Faculty of Engineering of Genoa. In the fieldof her PhD thesis, her studies are focused on sustainable urban mobility, systems of indicators and approachesfor urban and territorial management. Thanks to a continuous collaboration with Syrian local Institutions she isalso deepening the urban context of South-Mediterranean cities.

References

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Commission of the European Communities (2009) Action Plan on Urban Mobility, COM(2009) 490 final, Brussels, 30.9.2009.

Comune di Genova, Urban Lab Sviluppo urbanistico del Territorio (2009) Documento degli obiettivi Piano Urbanistico Comunale

(PUC), Genova.

Conseil de Paris (2007) Plan Climat de Paris, Annexe de la délibération DEVE 2007 – 116.

Droege P. (2008) La città rinnovabile, Edizioni Ambiente, Milano.

Legge n. 10/1991, Norme sull’attuazione del piano energetico nazionale in materia di uso razionale dell’energia, di risparmio

energetico e di sviluppo delle fonti rinnovabili di energia.

Lorenzo R. (1998) La città sostenibile, Elèuthera, Milano.

Municipality of Delft, District and City Affairs Cluster, Sustainability Sector, Environmental department (2003), 3E:Delft Climate Plan

–2012, Effective, Efficient Energy Use, Deft.

Regione Liguria (2003) PEAR Piano Energetico Ambientale della Regione Liguria, Genova.

Published
2012-04-30
How to Cite
Delponte, I., & Tomasoni, L. (2012). Transports and Energy: Urban Strategies for Planning. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/840