Green cities for a better future? – A case study from an alpine region: the Town of Trento

Main Article Content

Maria Giulia Cantiani
Alessandro Betta
Isabella De Meo
Federica Maino
Alessandro Paletto
Sara Tamanini


In a world where, by 2050, 70% of the population will be living in cities, a “New Urban Agenda” is considered crucial in order to form more sustainable, inclusive and resilient cities. This means cities which are liveable both from the natural and human-environment points of view and where citizens are involved in the realization and management of an attractive urban environment of high quality. Given the process of urbanization occurring in many towns of the Alpine Region, managers and planners need to know the new order of priorities in needs and values expressed by citizens with regard to urban forests and those in nearby areas. This paper illustrates a case study of the town of Trento, in the north-eastern Italian Alps, a typical medium-sized alpine town which, despite recent urbanization, is still in close connection to woodlands. The research has been carried out by means of a questionnaire aimed at investigating the relationship between citizens and their forests. In particular, the points of investigation were the main functions attributed to the forests and visitors’ preferences of forest features. The results show that urbanization and socio-economic changes, with the introduction of an urban lifestyle, are producing a radical transformation in people’s behaviour and attitudes with regard to forests. A survey of this type may be a useful tool in the hands of planners and managers in order to help shape a sustainable urban development.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
CantianiM. G., BettaA., De MeoI., MainoF., PalettoA., & TamaniniS. (2019). Green cities for a better future? – A case study from an alpine region: the Town of Trento. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 4(1), 41-52.


Artmann, M., Bastian, O., & Grunewald, K. (2017). Using the Concept of Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services to Specify Leitbilder for Compact and Green Cities – The Example of the Landscape Plan of Dresden (Germany). Sustainability, 9(2), 198. doi: 10.3390/su9020198

Betta, A., Cantiani, M. G., De Meo, I., & Maino, F. (2009). La percezione del bosco da parte delle comunità locali: un caso di studio nel Comune di Trento. Forest@-Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology, 6(5), 320-332. doi: 10.3832/efor0594-006

Cantiani, M., Geitner, C., Haida, C., Maino, F., Tattoni, C., Vettorato, D., & Ciolli, M. (2016). Balancing economic development and environmental conservation for a new governance of Alpine areas. Sustainability, 8(8), 802.

Comune di Trento (2018). Trento Statistica. La Popolazione al 31 dicembre 2016. [21/11/2018]

De Meo, I., Paletto, A., & Cantiani, M. G. (2015). The attractiveness of forests: preferences and perceptions in a mountain community in Italy. Annals of Forest Research, 58(1), 145-156. doi: 10.15287/afr.2015.308

Dudek, T. (2016). Needs of the local population related to development of forests for recreational purposes: example of south-eastern Poland. Journal of Forest Science, 62(1), 35-40. doi: 10.17221/99/2015-JFS

European Parliament (2014). Mapping Smart Cities in the EU. (2014)507480_EN.pdf [07/08/2017]

Hansen, R., & Pauleit, S. (2014). From multifunctionality to multiple ecosystem services? A conceptual framework for multifunctionality in green infrastructure planning for urban areas. Ambio, 43(4), 516-529. doi: 10.1007/s13280-014-0510-2

Hunziker, M., Frick, J., Bauer, N., von Lindern, E., & Graf, O. (2013). La population Suisse et sa forêt. Office fédéral de l’environment, Berne et Institut federal de recherches sur la forêt, la neige et le paysage WSL, Birmensdorf.

Inglehart, R. (1997). Modernization and postmodernization: Cultural, economic, and political change in 43 societies. Princeton, US: Princeton university press.

Laws, E. (1995). Tourism destination management: Issues, analysis, and policies. New York, US: Routledge.

Manfredi, F. (2015). Smart Community. Comunità sostenibili e resilienti. Bari, IT: Cacucci Editore, Collana Lum School of Management.

Nielsen, T. S., & Hansen, K. B. (2007). Do green areas affect health? Results from a Danish survey on the use of green areas and health indicators. Health & place, 13(4), 839-850. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.02.001

Nutsford, D., Pearson, A. L., & Kingham, S. (2013). An ecological study investigating the association between access to urban green space and mental health. Public health, 127(11), 1005-1011. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2013.08.016

Paletto, A., Maino, F., De Meo, I., & Ferretti, F. (2013). Perception of forest values in the alpine community of Trentino region (Italy). Environmental management, 51(2), 414-422. doi: 10.1007/s00267-012-9974-7

Paletto, A., De Meo, I., Cantiani, M. G., & Maino, F. (2013). Social perceptions and forest management strategies in an Italian Alpine community. Mountain Research and Development, 33(2), 152-161. doi: 10.1659/mrd-journal-d-12-00115.1

Pastorella, F., Santoni, S., Notaro, S., & Paletto, A. (2016). La percezione sociale del paesaggio forestale in Trentino-Alto Adige: casi di studio a confronto. Forest@-Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology, 13(1), 73-89. doi: 10.3832/efor2119-013

Pastorella, F., Giacovelli, G., De Meo, I., & Paletto, A. (2017). People’s preferences for Alpine forest landscapes: results of an internet-based survey. Journal of Forest Research, 22(1), 36-43. doi: 10.1080/13416979.2017.1279708

Pavlikakis, G. E., & Tsihrintzis, V. A. (2006). Perceptions and preferences of the local population in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace National Park in Greece. Landscape and Urban Planning 77(1-2), 1–16. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.12.008

Pytlounovà Pancikovà, M. (2015). Guide to the Metropolitan Plan of Prague – A brief summary of the Concept of Justification. Prague institute of Planning and Development.

Rametsteiner, E. Eichler, L., Berg, J. (2009). Shaping Forest Communication in the European Union: Public Perceptions of Forests and Forestry. Rotterdam, NL: ECORYS.

Riva-Mossman, S. (2018). Aging in Resilient Communities – An Alpine Case Study: the Senior Living Lab Experience. Journal of Aging Science, 6, 193.

Sangster, M. (2010). Well-being and nature: policy convergence in forestry, health and rural development. Swiss Forestry Journal 161(3), 62–68. doi: 10.3188/szf.2010.0062

Schmithüsen, F., & Wild-Eck, S. (2000). Uses and perceptions of forests by people living in urban areas: Findings from selected empirical studies. European Journal of Forest Research 119, 395–408. doi: 10.1007/BF02769152

Šišák, L. (2011). Forest visitors’ opinions on the importance of forest operations, forest functions and sources of their financing. Journal of Forest Science, 57(6), 266-270. doi: 10.17221/135/2010-JFS

United Nations (2012). Back to our Common Future. Summary for Policymakers. Sustainable Development in the 21st century (SD 21) Project. [12/10/2018]

United Nations (2016). [14/04/2017]

Van Raaij, W. F. (1986). Consumer research on tourism mental and behavioral constructs. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(1), 1-9. doi: 10.1016/0160-7383(86)90054-X

Wolynski, A., Berretti, R., Motta, R. (2006). Selvicoltura multifunzionale orientata alla qualità. Caratterizzazione di una faggeta in provincia di Trento. Sherwood 118, 5-12.