Diachronic analysis of the settlement structure in areas of hydraulic hazard: the case study of the municipality of L’Aquila

Main Article Content

Francesco Zullo


The themes of risk mitigation regardless of its nature, together with that of increased urban resilience and adaptation to climate change, now define crucial issues in the political agendas of public administrations. While on the one hand the extreme fragility of the Italian territory represents the invariant aspect of the problem, however on the other hand, the lack of an integrated and organic approach to the theme has sharpened over time the effects on the anthropization of environments. The potentially calamitous events, which follow one another with a reoccurrence within a few years, denounce the weaknesses of the Italian settlement each time, often with dramatic consequences in economic terms and with the loss of many lives. The current national settlement structure derives from a poor cogency of the vast area planning, which has given the municipalities more and more decision-making powers on the territorial transformations. Adding to this is the lack of a full awareness and perception of the risk on the part of the social component, which therefore has generated a substantial indifference towards the multiplicity of natural hazards and increasing their exposure to risk. The objective of the work is to therefore reconstruct the evolution of the settlement in the areas characterized by a high hydraulic hazard in the municipality of L’Aquila, before and after the approval of the F.D.E.P. (Flood Defense Excerpt Plan) that occurred in 2008, also in light of the transformative dynamics induced by the earthquake of the following year. The punctual analysis of the structural and functional characteristics of urban fabrics and of the environmental context also makes it possible to provide targeted indications aimed at mitigating risk in such areas.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ZulloF. (2019). Diachronic analysis of the settlement structure in areas of hydraulic hazard: the case study of the municipality of L’Aquila. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 4(1), 67-86. https://doi.org/10.6093/2531-9906/6114


Allen, M. R., Dube, O. P., Solecki, W., Aragón–Durand, F., Cramer, W., Humphreys, S., ... Zickfeld, K. (2018). Framing and Context. In V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, H. O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, ... T. Waterfield (eds.), Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty. In Press.

Cabiddu, M.A. (ed.) (2014). Diritto del governo del territorio. Torino, IT: Giappichelli Ed.

Ciabò, S., Fiorini, L., Zullo, F., Giuliani, C., Marucci, A., Olivieri, S., & Romano, B. (2017). L’emergenza post-sisma a L’Aquila, enfasi di una pianificazione debole. Archivio di studi urbani e regionali, 118, 73-96. doi: 10.3280/ASUR2017-118004

Ciaravino, G., Ciaravino, L., Grimaldi, G., Lombardi, G., Maddaloni, N., Minotta, C., & Sorvino, L. S. (2005). Matrici per la valutazione dei livelli di rischio in debris flow. Giornale di Geologia Applicata, 2, 93-98. doi: 10.1474/GGA.2005–02.0–13.0039

Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., De Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., ... & Raskin, R. G. (1997). The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387, 253–260. doi: 10.1038/387253a0

Donati, A. (2018). Infrastrutture verdi per la mobilità dolce. Rigenerare città, territorio e muoversi nel paesaggio italiano. Reticula, 19, 4-10.

Eurostat regional yearbook (2018). doi: 10.2785/220518.

Grimm, N.B., Faeth, S.H., Golubiewski, N.E., Redman, C.L., Wu, J., Bai, X., Briggs, J.M. (2008). Global change and the ecology of cities. Science, 319(5864), 756-760. doi: 10.1126/science.1150195

Higgins, P. A., & Harte, J. (2012). Carbon cycle uncertainty increases climate change risks and mitigation challenges. Journal of Climate, 25(21), 7660-7668. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00089.1

ISPRA (2018). Consumo di suolo, dinamiche territoriali e servizi ecosistemici. Rapporti 288/2018.

Losasso, M. (2016). Climate risk, Environmental planning, Urban design, UPLanD – Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & environmental Design, 1(1), 219-232. doi: 10.6092/2531-9906/5039

Keppel-Aleks, G., Basile, S. J., & Hoffman, F. M. (2018). A Functional Response Metric for the Temperature Sensitivity of Tropical Ecosystems. Earth Interactions, 22(7), 1-20. doi: 10.1175/EI-D-17-0017.1

Marando, F., Salvatori, E., Sebastiani, A., Fusaro, L., & Manes, F. (2019). Regulating Ecosystem Services and Green Infrastructure: assessment of Urban Heat Island effect mitigation in the municipality of Rome, Italy. Ecological Modelling, 392, 92-102. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.11.011.

Moccia, F.D., & Sgobbo, A. (2016). Flood hazard: planning approach to risk mitigation and periphery rehabilitation. In S. Syngellakis (ed.), Management of Natural Disasters (pp. 129-144). Southampton, UK: WIT Press. doi: 10.2495/978-1-84566-229-5/012

Paleari, S. (2018). Natural disasters in Italy: do we invest enough in risk prevention and mitigation? International Journal of Environmental Studies, 75(4), 673-687. doi: 10.1080/00207233.2017.1418995.

Polemio, M., Lonogro, T. (2012). Variabilità climatica e ricorrenza delle calamità idrogeologiche in Puglia. Geologia dell’Ambiente, 2, 262-266.

Rianna, G., Iodice, L., Fariello, L., Guarino, F., & Mercogliano, P. (2016). Stima dell’effetto dei cambiamenti climatici sui fenomeni di dissesto geo-idrologici: il caso studio della Campania Centrale, Ingegneria dell’ambiente, 3(1), 68-79. doi: 10.14672/ida.v3i1.363

Rizzo, A., Bresciani, R., Masi, F., Boano, F., Revelli, R., & Ridolfi, L. (2018). Flood reduction as an ecosystem service of constructed wetlands for combined sewer overflow. Journal of Hydrology, 560, 150-159. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.03.020

Romano, B., Zullo, F., Ciabò, S., Fiorini, L., & Marucci, A. (2016). Il modello italiano di dispersione urbana: la sfida dello sprinkling. Sentieri Urbani, 8(19), 15-22.

Romano, B., Zullo, F., Fiorini, L., Ciabò, S., & Marucci, A. (2017). Sprinkling: An Approach to Describe Urbanization Dynamics in Italy. Sustainability, 9(1), 97. doi: 10.3390/su9010097.

Sallustio, L., Quatrini, V., Geneletti, D., Corona, P., & Marchetti, M. (2015). Assessing land take by urban development and its impact on carbon storage: Findings from two case studies in Italy. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 54, 80-90. doi: 10.1016/j.eiar.2015.05.006

Sgobbi, A., Carraro, C. (January, 2008). Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies in Italy: An Economic Assessment”. FEEM Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei Research Paper.

Smiraglia, D., Ceccarelli, T., Bajocco, S., Salvati, L., & Perini, L. (2016). Linking trajectories of land change, land degradation processes and ecosystem services. Environmental research, 147, 590-600. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.11.030

Torre, C., Morano, P., & Tajani, F. (2017). Saving soil for sustainable land use. Sustainability, 9(3), 350. doi: 10.3390/su9030350

Trigila, A., Iadanza, C., Bussettini, M., Lastoria, B. (2018). Dissesto idrogeologico in Italia: pericolosità e indicatori di rischio. Edizione 2018. ISPRA, Rapporti 287/2018.

Zullo, F. (2017). Dalla diffusione insediativa alla città diffusa. Gli effetti del sisma sul policentrismo aquilano. Urbanistica Informazioni. 272(S.I.), 112-116.

Zullo, F., Fazio, G., Romano, B., Marucci, A., & Fiorini, L. (2019). Effects of urban growth spatial pattern (UGSP) on the land surface temperature (LST): A study in the Po Valley (Italy). Science of The Total Environment, 650, 1740-1751. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.331