Bicycle paths as a contribution to urban resilience in high-density areas

Main Article Content

Antonio Alberto Clemente

Abstract

Three facts. Pescara is the 13th city of Italy in terms of inhabitants density. The second concerns urban flooding resulting from torrential rain. Finally, Pescara is one of the most highly cycling Italian municipalities. Three phenomena perceived as separate which, in reality, are interdependent. A high urban density brings with it a strong reduction of vegetation and an excessive waterproofing of the soil. Therefore, where excess water volumes are created, also due to the insufficiency of the sewage system, urban floods occur which find their main route along the road network. With negative consequences in terms of the environment (pollution of the river and the sea), economic (threats to infrastructure, cultural heritage, residential and productive fabric) and social (risks for the population). The idea is to compare the open space projects in Boston, San Francisco, Zwolle and Copenhagen that have questioned which are the most appropriate answers to transform water from a potential risk element into a strategic resource for the resilience of urban system also through the cycle network. The goal is to demonstrate that the cycle network is not just a technical issue to ensure adequate performance levels in terms of intermodal integration, safety and efficiency of the tracks, but also a soil project that can contribute to the resilience of the urban system.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ClementeA. A. (2020). Bicycle paths as a contribution to urban resilience in high-density areas. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 5(1), 93-110. https://doi.org/10.6092/2531-9906/6998
Section
Articles

References

AA.VV. (2019). Le città italiane con più di 60.000 abitanti ordinate per densità di popolazione (abitanti per km quadrato). Retrieved from https://www.tuttitalia.it/citta/densita/

Beck U., (2016). La metamorfosi del mondo, Bari-Roma: Laterza.

Bergen Jensen M., (2015). Climate Resilient Cities. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOd4vOKPzEg

Bianchetti C., (2003). Abitare la città contemporanea. Milano, IT: Skira.

Bionic Team (2019, 19 June 2019). San Rafael Elevate. Resilient by design: Bay area challenge. Retrieved from: http://www.resilientbayarea.org

Borlini B., Memo F. (2009). Ripensare l’accessibilità urbana. Roma. IT: Cittalia-Fondazione ANCI ricerche.

Castrignanò M., Colleoni M., Pronello C. (eds.) (2012). Muoversi in città. Accessibilità e mobilità nella metropoli contemporanea. Milano, IT: Franco Angeli.

City of Copenhagen (2011). Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan. Retrieved from: https://international.kk.dk

City of Copenhagen (2012). Cloudburst Management Plan 2012. Retrieved from http://en.klimatilpasning.dk/

City of Copenhagen (2016). Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. Retrieved from http://www.klimakvarter.dk/

Clemente, A (2018). Cycling lanes and Stormwater Management: an integrated project. Montesilvano as a case study. UPLanD – Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & environmental Design, 3(1), 89-106.

Colville-Andersen M., (2018). Copenaghenize. The definitve guide to global bicycle urbanisme. Washington, DC: Island press.

Donati A., & Petracchini F. (2015). Muoversi in città. Esperienze e idee per la mobilità nuova in Italia. Milano, IT: Edizioni Ambiente.

ENEA (2019). Sette nuove aree costiere a rischio inondazione in Italia. Retrieved from: http://www.enea.it

Federazione Italiana Ambiente e Bicicletta (2018). Guida ai comuni ciclabili d’Italia. Retrieved from http://www.comuniciclabili.it

Federazione Italiana Ambiente e Bicicletta (2019). Guida ai comuni ciclabili d’Italia. Retrieved from http://www.comuniciclabili.it

Fleury D. (2012). Sicurezza e urbanistica. L’integrazione della sicurezza stradale nel governo urbano. Roma, IT: Gangemi.

Gasparrini, C. (2015). Resilienza. Urbanistica Informazioni, 263(S.I.), 1-2.

Greater Boston (2019, 28 June 2019). Developing Resilience: Living with Water Strategies for Greater Boston, Retrieved from https://boston.uli.org/uli-in-action/sustainability/


Le Corbusier, (1967). Urbanistica. Milano: Il Saggiatore.

Marucci, A., Fiorini, L., Zullo, F., & Romano, B. (2018). The urban pressure on Italian river areas. UPLanD - Journal of Urban Planning, Landscape & Environmental Design, 3(2), 25-44

Maternini G. (eds., 2012). Mobilità ciclistica. Metodi, politiche e tecniche. Forlì, IT: Egaf.

Philadelphia Water Department (2014). City of Philadelphia Green Streets Design Manual. Retrieved from: https://www.phila.gov

Philadelphia Water Department (2018). Green Stormwater Infrastructure Planning & Design Manual. Retrieved from: http://documents.philadelphiawater.org

Ramboll (2016), Copenhagen Cloudburst Plan, Retrieved from: https://acwi.gov

Ramboll (2013), Cloudburst Adaptation a Cost-Benefit Analysis, Retrieved from: https://dk.ramboll.com

Realdania (2016). The Sankt Annæ Project. Retrieved from: https://realdania.dk

Salvati P., Bianchi C. (2019), Rapporto sul Rischio posto alla Popolazione italiana da Frane e Inondazioni. Quinquennio 2014-2018. Perugia: Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica (IRPI) del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR). Retrieved from: http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it

Sgobbo, A. (2017). Eco-social innovation for efficient urban metabolisms. TECHNE Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, 14, 337-344.

Sgobbo, A. (2018). Resilienza e rigenerazione: l’approccio water sensitive urban planning come strategia di sostenibilità urbana. BDC - Bollettino Del Centro Calza Bini, 18(1), 105-126.

Sgobbo, A. (2018). Water Sensitive Urban Planning. Approach and opportunities in Mediterranean metropolitan areas. Roma: INU Edizioni.

SLA (2016). Hans Tavsens Park. Retrieved from: https://www.sla.dk

The Blog by Copenhagenize Design Co. (2015). The Copenhagenize Current - Stormwater Management and Cycle Tracks. Retrieved from: http://www.copenhagenize.com

Tira M., & Zazzi M. (2007). Pianificare le reti ciclabili territoriali. Roma, IT: Gangemi.

Wright, M. (2015). Rainwater Park: Stormwater Management and Utilization in Landscape Design. Melbourne, AU: The Images Publishing.