Trasporti, ICT e la città. Perché alla città interessano le ICT?
The paper is focused on the existent relationship among the three elements cited in the title. The innovation in transportation, allowed by new ICT solutions is one of the most important point of development for cities nowadays: this, not only for the process of rationalization and reduction of externalities due to urban mobility, but also and above all thanks to the economic dynamics that technological knowledge boosts in those cities in which local entities, enterprises and research gather together and grow in terms of competitiveness.
Deepening transportation, new solutions have main outcomes in the field of the road safety, street security, urban traffic, harbor handling, territorial risks (environmental and industrial), to cite a few. All of these topics own many connections with the work of planners.According to what technology allowed to them, they are expected to exploit it keeping advantage by the new discoveries in current planning activities, in dialogue of the new ITS. The paper ends up that technology involvement in transport is carrying on a new way of planning them and tries to draw out some further conclusions regarding the intervention on existent cities in a changing world and the demand of updated skills in the planning field. To better clarify future findings, the author propose a case-study, referring to the projects of the Innovation Pole of Advanced Research in Safety, Security and Intermodality in Transport Systems, sited in Genoa (IT), inserted in a step-wise logic of development of regional competitiveness and clusterization.
Audirac I. (2005), Information Technology and Urban Form: Challenges to Smart Growth. International Regional Science Review, 28(2), pp. 119–145.
Bacon J., Beresford A. R., Evans D., Ingram D., Trigoni N., Guitton A., & Skordylis A. (2008). TIME: An Open Platform for Capturing, Processing and Delivering Transport-Related Data. 2008 5th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 687–691.
Banister D., Stead D. (2004), Impact of information and communications technology on transport, Transport Reviews, 24 (5), pp. 611–632.
Banister D. (2008), The sustainable mobility paradigm, Transport Policy, 15, pp. 73–80.
Behrendt H., Santos G., Teytelboymb A. (2010), Policy instruments for sustainable road transport, Research in Transportation Economics Journal, 28, pp. 46-91.
Boghani A., Kimble, E. Spencer, E. (1991), Can telecommunications help solve America's transportational problems?, Cambridge, MA: Arthur D. Little.
Bolan R., Luce T., Kin Lam H. (1997). Can urban growth be contained? Paper presented to the Contrasts and Transitions Conference of the America Planning Association, San Diego, CA, April 1997. http://www.asu.edu/caed/proceedings97/bolan.html (accessed January 15, 2004).
Bontje M. (2001), Dealing with deconcentration: Population deconcentration and planning response in polynucleated urban regions in north-west Europe. Urban Studies 38: pp. 769-85.
Chong C. Y., Kumar S. P. (2003), Sensor Networks: Evolution, Opportunities, and Challenges, Proceedings IEEE, 91, n. 8, pp. 1243-1256.
Cohen-Blankshtain G., Nijkamp P. (2004), The Appreciative System of Urban ICT Policies: An Analysis of Perceptions of Urban Policy Makers, Growth and Change, 35(2), pp. 166–197.
Couclelis H., A. Getis (2000), Conceptualizing and measuring accessibility in physical and virtual spaces. In Information, place, and cyberspace, ed. D. Janelle and D. Hodge, pp. 15-20. New York: Springer.
Crane R. (2000), The influence of urban form on travel: an interpretive review. Journal of Planning Literature,15(3), pp. 3-23.
Delponte I., Ugolini P. (2011), Pattern of local development as a roadmap towards urban transport sustainability, Green Buildings and Sustainable Cities Conference, Bologna, 14-16th September 2011, Procedia Engineering, Elsevier , 21, pp. 526-533.
Firmino R.J., Aurigi A., Camargo A. R., (2006), Urban and tchnological developments. Why is it so hard to integrate UCTs into the planning agenda?, Proceedings CORP 2006 & Geomedia06, Editor Schrenk, pp. 142-153.
Fistola R. (2008), Softmobility/Cybermobility. Nuove funzioni urbane e mobilità digitale, Riv. Tema-Urban Planning and Mobility, vol.1, n° 3, pp. 19-28.
Florida R. (2002), Competing in the age of talent: Environment, amenities and the new economy. Report for the R.K. Mellon Foundation, Heinz Endowments, and Sustainable Pittsburgh, January 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: Heinz School of Public Policy and Management/Carnegie Mellon.
Freeman C., Perez C. (1988), Structural crises of adjustment, business cycles and investment behavior, in Technical change and economic theory, ed. G. Dosi, C. Freeman, R. Nelson, G. Silverberg, and L. L. G. Soete, London: Frances Pinter, pp. 38-61.
Gayda S., Lautso K. (2007), Urban sprawl and transport, in Marshall S. and Banister D. (Eds.): Land use and transport: European research towards integrated transport policies. Oxford: Elsevier: pp. 177-216.
Garrison W. L., Deakin, E. (1988), Travel, Work, and Telecommunications: A View of the Electronics Revolution and Its Potential Impacts. Transportation Research, Vol. 22A, No. 4, pp. 239-245.
Giannopoulos G.A. (2004), The application of information and communication technologies in transport, European Journal of Operational Research, 152, pp. 302–320.
Gillespie A., Richardson R. (2000), Teleworking and the city: Myths of workplace transcendence and travel reduction, in Cities in the telecommunications age, ed. James O. Wheeler, Yuko Aoyama, and Barney Warf, New York: Routledge, pp. 228-48
Golob T. F., Regan A. C. (2001), Impacts of information technology on personal travel and commercial vehicle operations: research challenges and opportunities, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 9(2), pp. 87–121.
Governa F., Salone C. (2004), Territories in Action, Territories for Action: The Territorial Dimension of Italian Local Development Policies, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(4), pp. 796-818.
Graham, S., Dominy G.R. (1991), Planning for the information city: The UK case, Progress in Planning, 35(3), pp. 169-248.
Graham S., (2005), Strategies for networked society, in Albrechts L., Mandelbaum S.J. (2005), The network society. A new context for planning, Routledge, New York, pp. 95-109.
Grant A.E., Berqiust L. (2000), Telecommunications infrastructure and the city: Adapting to the convergence of technology and policy, in Cities in the telecommunications age, Routledge, edited by J.M. Weeler, Y. Ayoama, and B. Warf. New York: pp. 97-111.
Hall P. (1997), Modeling the post-industrial city, Futures 29: 311-22.
Hall P. (1999), The future of cities, Computers, Environment and Urban System, n.23, pp. 173-185.
Hanson S., Giuliano G. (2004), The geography of urban transportation, The Guilford Press, New York.
Hepworth M., Ducatel K. (1992), Transport in the information age: Wheels and wires. London:Belhaven.
Hilty L. M., Arnfalk P., Erdmann L., Goodman J., M. Lehmann, Wager P. A. (2006), The relevance of information and communication technologies for environmental sustainability. A prospective simulation study, Environmental Modelling & Software, 21, pp. 1618-1629.
Hohn U., Neuer B. (2006), New urban governance: Institutional change and consequences for urban development, European Planning Studies, 14(3), pp. 291–298.
Horan T. A., Jordan D. R. (1998), Integrating transportation and telecommunications planning in Santa Monica. Journal of Urban Technology 5, 2: 1–20.
Janelle D. G., Gillespie A. (2004), Space–time constructs for linking information and communication technologies with issues in sustainable transportation. Transport Reviews, 24(6), 665–677.
Jedermann R., Behrens C., Westphal D., Lang W. (2006), Applying autonomous sensor systems in logistics—Combining sensor networks, RFIDs and software agents, Sensors and Actuators, 132, pp. 370–375.
Karlsson C., Mellander C., Paulsson T. (2004), A Spatial ICT Clusters in Sweden – An Empirical Method to Identify Necessary Conditions for Existence, (12), pp. 1–22.
Kasarda, J. D. (2000), New logistics technologies and infrastructure for the digital economy. Working Paper, Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. from http:// in3.dem.ist.utl.pt/downloads/cur2000/papers/S19P01.PDF (accessed January 14, 2004).
Kenworthy J.R. (2006), The eco-city: ten key transport and planning dimensions for sustainable city development, Environment & Urbanization, 18(1), pp. 67–85.
Krugman, P. (1999), The role of geography in development, International Regional Science Review 22: pp. 142-63.
Laurila, H. (2004), Urban governance, competition and welfare, Urban Studies, 41(3), pp. 683–696.
Lefebvre H. (2003), The urban revolution. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Malecki E.J., Veldhoen M. (1993), Network Activities, Information and Competitiveness in Small Firms. Geografiska Annaler, series B, vol. 75, pp. 131-147.
Martinotti G., Boffi M. (2002), GPS, GIS e la mobilità ‘browniana’. Le tecnologie GPS e GIS per l’analisi della mobilità territoriale, Rivista trimestrale di Disegno Digitale e Design: 1(4), pp. 10–23.
Moccia F. D. (a cura di) (2008), Urbanistica digitale, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napoli.
Mokhtarian P. L.(1991), Defining telecommuting. Transpn Rex Rec. 1305, pp.273-281.
Mokhtarian P.L., Salomon I. (1997), Modeling the desire to telecommute: The importance of attitudinal factors in behavioral models, Transportation Research Part A: Vol. 31, No. 1, Elsevier, pp. 35-50.
Mokhtarian, P.L., (2002), Telecommunications and travel: The case for complementarity. Journal of Industrial Ecology 6 (2), pp. 43–57.
Nilles J.M. (1988), Traffic Reduction by Telecommuting: a status review and selected bibliography. In: Transportation Research, A, vol. 22A, No. 4, pp. 301-317.
Porter, M. (1998), Cluster and the new economics of competition, Harvard Business Review, November-December, pp.77-90.
Shen Q. (1999), Transportation, telecommunications and the changing geography of opportunity. Urban Geography 20: pp. 334-55.
Storper M. (1997), The regional world: Territorial development in a global economy, The Guilford Press, New York.
Wang D., Law F. Y. T. (2007), Impacts of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on time use and travel behavior: a structural equations analysis, Transportation, 34(4), pp. 513–527.
Van Dender K. (2009), Energy policy in transport and transport policy, Energy Policy, 37(10), pp. 3854–3862.
Verones et al. (2012), The URBAN 1 programme as a catalyst for the institutional planning shift, Italian Journal of Planning Practice, 2, pp. 66-95.
Weiner E. (2008), Urban transportation planning in the United States history, policy, and practice, Springer, New York.
Copyright (c) 2014 Tema. Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:
1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License - Attribution that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.
3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access)