Travel behaviour variations between urban and rural areas of Pakistan

Keywords: Pakistan, travel behavior, time use, gender


This paper examines the 2007 national time use survey to report the degree to which the national travel behaviour varies between urban and rural of Pakistan and how it is shaped by the local socioeconomic and individual characteristics in these areas. At the national level, walking remains the dominant mode of daily mobility across the country. However, the daily trip rate, mode choice and travel durations vary significantly across both geographies. Urban residents are slightly less mobile and exhibits greater use of personal automobile than rural residents. These differences become more pronounced across gender. There exists slight local regional variation across provinces which are closely related to the local social and spatial drivers of mobility. The paper speculates that the rural travel differences are mainly caused by difference in income levels. Urban built environment is more conducive to motorized mobility which results in greater automobile reliance in cities, particularly for women. Social and cultural environment also plays potentially significant and spatially explicit role which remains under addressed and calls for further research. 


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Author Biography

Muhammad Adeel, LSE Cities, London School of Economics, UK

Muhammad Adeel is postdoctoral research officer at LSE Cities at the London School of Economics, United Kingdom. He holds a bachelors in City & Regional Planning (UET, Pakistan), Masters in Remote Sensing (NUST, Pakistan) and PhD in Urban Planning (University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong). In November 2017, his PhD dissertation, titled ‘Transportation disadvantage and social exclusion in Pakistan’ was declared as the joint winner of the inaugural ‘CODATU prize of best PhD thesis on urban mobility in cities of developing countries’.


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How to Cite
AdeelM. (2018). Travel behaviour variations between urban and rural areas of Pakistan. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 83-94.
Special Issue 2018. Urban Travel Behavior in the Middle East and North Africa