The Covid-19 pandemic from the elderly perspective in urban areas: An evaluation of urban green areas in 10 European capitals

Keywords: Covid-19, Urban areas, Elderly, Green areas


The global Covid-19 pandemic has reshaped lives and activities, especially in urban areas: national and regional authorities have had to react promptly to limit the spread of the coronavirus and avoid the collapse of healthy provision systems. Urban environments, as noted in several World Health Organization reports, are fertile ground for an epidemic’s rapid transformation into a pandemic due to their high densities of people, activities, structures and networks. Cities around the world have thus rapidly reorganised to manage the coronavirus crisis. This paper focuses on the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in European countries during the initial emergency phase and the importance of safe access to and uniform distribution of urban services. We focus on urban green areas as a means of achieving better quality of life, especially for vulnerable groups like the elderly. We selected 10 capital cities (Amsterdam, Brussels, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dublin, Lisbon, London, Madrid, Paris and Rome) to reflect the heterogeneous demographic, social and economic panoramas of European countries and cities. The outcomes of this study can support decision-makers in defining priority actions to reduce the negative impacts on the elderly in the coexistence phase of the pandemic and for future development.


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Author Biographies

Gerardo Carpentieri, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

Engineer, Ph.D. in Civil Systems Engineering at University of Naples Federico II and Research Fellow of Land Use Planning at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II. In July 2013 he won a scholarship within the PRIN project on the “Impacts of mobility policies on urban transformability, environment and property market”. From the 2014 to 2015, he collaborated in the research project "Smart Energy Master" for the Energy Management of Territory. He is currently involved in the research project “Aging and social research: people, places and relations” financed by Fondazione Cariplo (Grant n° 2017-0942).

Carmen Guida, Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples

She is an engineer, Ph.D. student in Civil Systems Engineering at Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of University of Naples Federico II. Currently, her Ph.D. research concerns accessibility to urban services for elderly people with the aim of minimising social exclusion and inequalities within urban areas.

Ottavia Fevola, Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II

She is an engineer, Ph.D. candidate in Civil Systems Engineering at Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of University of Naples Federico II.

Sabrina Sgambati, Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples

She is an engineer, Ph.D. student in Civil Systems Engineering at Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of University of Naples Federico II.


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How to Cite
CarpentieriG., GuidaC., FevolaO., & SgambatiS. (2020). The Covid-19 pandemic from the elderly perspective in urban areas: An evaluation of urban green areas in 10 European capitals. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 13(3), 389-408.