Environmental quality of emergency areas. A methodology to assess shelter areas liveability

Keywords: Environmental quality, Assessment, Emergency planning

Abstract

The types of risk that territories are facing today have greatly increased in recent years, having multiplied the damage that human activity has produced and continues to produce on the natural environment. With the aim to create a really resilient territory it is necessary to carry out an environmental quality assessment together with risk analysis, in order to build effective responses to the possible problems resulting from the changes in progress. This assessment should be integrated into the knowledge framework of existing planning tools, in particular as regards the Emergency Plan. Among the Plan contents, indeed, the identification of the areas for the accommodation of population affected by disaster is included. Nevertheless, currently localization criteria are mainly used, without considering the potential liveability of these areas.

This document presents the first results of a research aimed at identifying and assessing the factors useful to ensure an adequate environmental quality of the shelter areas, defined following the comparative study of evaluation systems used in different countries. Research aims to provide opportunity for broader reflection on the relationship that needs to be established between these evaluation systems and planning tools, in respect of which there is at present almost total independence.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Annunziata Palermo, University of Calabria

Associate professor of Urban Engineering at the University of Calabria. She is interested in the strategic planning of integrated territorial systems, sustainable regeneration of “marginal” areas and urban resilience. Phone: +39 0984.49.67.50.

Maria Francesca Viapiana, University of Calabria

Associate Professor of Urban Engineering at the University of Calabria. She is interested in urban design and planning with particular attention to the role of sustainability in regeneration processes. Phone: +39 0984.49.67.64.

Nicole Margiotta, University of Calabria

PhD Student in Civil and Industrial Engineering at the University of Calabria. Her research activity is focused on the analysis, the definition and the implementation of models and tools for regeneration of disused urban areas. Phone: +39 0984.49.67.67.

References

Aiello, F., D’Orio, G., & Liberto, M.C. (2015). La qualità dell'ambiente in Calabria. OpenCalabria. Retrieved from: http://www.opencalabria.com/la-qualita dellambiente-in-calabria

Arpae (Regional agency of prevention, environment, and energy) of Emilia-Romagna (2019). Acque superficiali fluviali Area Metropolitana di Bologna (Report 2014-2016). Arpa SSA –Bologna Section. Retrieved from: https://www.arpae.it/cms3/documenti/_cerca_doc/acqua/acqua_bo/report_ambientale_fiumi_bologna_2014-2016.pdf

Arpae (Regional agency of prevention, environment, and energy) of Emilia-Romagna (2018). Valutazione dello stato delle acque sotterranee (Report 2014-2016). Arpae of Emilia-Romagna Technical Direction. Retrieved from: https://www.arpae.it/cms3/documenti/_cerca_doc/acqua/rer_dati_monitoraggio_acque_dolci/anno_2017/report_acque_sotterranee_2014-2016_rid.pdf

Arpae (Regional agency of prevention, environment, and energy) of Emilia-Romagna (2018). La qualità dell’aria in Emilia-Romagna (2018 ed.). Emilia-Romagna Region Press Center. Retrieved from: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1eUO3_q6XsMuNYblNLxL4SKIrYzkj4KK5/view

Aubè, M., Roby, J., & Kocifaj, M. (2013). Evaluating Potential Spectral Impacts of Various Artificial Lights on Melatonin Suppression, Photosynthesis, and Star Visibility. PLoS ONE, 8 (7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067798

BRE Global Limited (2016). BREEAM Communities Technical Manual (version SD202 – 1.1).

DGNB GmbH (2016). DGNB System Basics for Urban Districts/Office and Business Districts (version 2016).

Di Giovanni, G. (2016). Cities at risk: status of Italian planning system in reducing seismic and hydrological risks. Tema - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 9 (1), 43-62. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3726

Faisal, K. & Shaker, A. (2016). Improving the Accurancy of Urban Environmental Quality Assessment Using Geographically-Weighted Regression Techniques. Sensor, 17 (528). https://doi.org/10.3390/s17030528

Garcia-Saenz, A., Sanchez de Miguel, A., Espinosa, A., […], Jogevinas, M. (2020). Association between outdoor light-at-night exposure and colorectal cancer in Spain. Epidemiology, 31 (5), 718-727. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0000000000001226.

Gargiulo, C., & Lombardi, C. (2016). Urban Retrofit and Resilience. The challenge of Energy Efficiency and Vulnerability. Tema - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 9 (2), 137-162. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3922

Gargiulo, C., & Romano, R. (2011). Mobility and Noise Pollution. Noise-reduction Traditional Strategies and Green Mobility Ones. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/426

Green Building Council Italia (2015). GBC Neighbourhoods Certification System (2015 ed.).

Intermediate Unit of Civil Protection & Municipal Police of the Municipality of Bologna (2016). Municipal Plan of Civil Protection of the city of Bologna (2016 update). Retrieved from: http://www.comune.bologna.it/media/files/20160415_piano_comunale_protciv.pdf

International dark-sky association (Ida) & Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) (2011). Model Lighting Ordinance (MLO) with user's guide. Retrieved from: https://www.darksky.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/MLO_FINAL_June2011.pdf

ITACA – Istituto per l’Innovazione e Trasparenza degli Appalti e la Compatibilità Ambientale (2016). ITACA Protocol at Urban Scale (version of December 21, 2016).

Jensen, J.R. (2005). Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.

Kazemzadeh-Zow, A., Boloorani, A.D., Samany, N.N., Toomanian, A. & Pourahmad, A. (2018). Spatiotemporal modelling of urban quality of life (UQoL) using satellite images and GIS. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 39 (19), 6095-6116. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2018.1447160

Kogevinas, M., Garcia-Saenz, A., Sanchez de Miguel, A., […], Castano-Vinyals, G. (2018). Exposure to Artificial Light-At-Night and Obesity in a Population-Based Case-Control Study in Spain. Proceedings of International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE) Annual Conferences, Addressing Complex Local and Global Issues in Environmental Exposure and Health, Ottawa, Canada, August 26-30, 2018.

Larssen, S., Sluyter, R., & Helmis, C. (1999). Criteria for EUROAIRNET (Technical Report No. 12). European Environment Agency. Retrieved from: https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/TEC12

Li, G., & Weng, Q. (2007). Measuring the quality of life in city of Indianapolis by integration of remote sensing and census data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 28 (2), 249–267. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160600735624

Margiotta, N., Palermo, A. & Viapiana M.F. (2020). Qualità ambientale: metodologie di valutazione e strumenti di pianificazione. In M. Francini, A. Palermo & M.F. Viapiana (Eds.). Il piano di emergenza nell’uso e nella gestione del territorio, 307-321, Milano: Franco Angeli editore. ISBN 9788897190972

Musse, M.A., Barona, D.A., & Santana Rodriguez, L.M. (2018). Urban environmental quality assessment using remote sensing and census data. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 71, 95-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2018.05.010

Orhan, G. (2012). Air pollution and acid rains: Turkey’s stance on convention on long range transboundary air pollution. Marmara Üniversitesi Avrupa Topluluğu Enstitüsü Avrupa Araştırmaları Dergisi, 20 (1), 123-150. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/maruaad/issue/326/1584

Papa, R., Galderisi, A., Vigo Majello M.C., & Saretta, E. (2015). Smart and resilient cities. A systemic approach for developing cross-sectoral strategies in the face of climate change. Tema - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 8 (1), 19-49. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2883

Santamouris, M. (2016). Editorial Preface. Energy, pollution and the degradation of the urban environment. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 9(2), 135-136. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3949

Santonico, D. (Ed.) (2011). L'illuminazione nelle aree urbane. ISPRA - Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Quaderni - Ambiente e società no. 5/2011, ISBN 978-88-448-0517-3. https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/files/pubblicazioni/quaderni/ambiente-societa/10850_Ambiente_societa_5_2011.pdf

The Committee for the Development of an Environmental Performance Assessment Tools for Cities (2012). CASBEE for Cities. Technical Manual (2012 ed.). JSBC – Japan Sustainable Building Consortium.

Trigila, A., Iadanza, C., Bussettini, M., Lastoria, B., & Barbano, A. (2015). Dissesto idrogeologico in Italia: pericolosità e indicatori di rischio (Rapporto no. 233/2015). Roma: ISPRA - Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research.

U.S. Green Building Council (2018). LEED v4 for Neighborhood Development (updated on July 2, 2018).

Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Palermo, A., Viapiana, M. F., & Margiotta, N. (2021). Environmental quality of emergency areas. A methodology to assess shelter areas liveability. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 135-154. https://doi.org/10.6093/1970-9870/7416
Section
The Emergency Plan for the use and management of the territory