Nature-based solution for climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban areas with high natural risk

Proposals of possible measures for a municipality in the Vesuvius area

Keywords: Nature based solution, Adaptation, Urban planning, Sustainable construction techniques, Architectural engineering


Nowadays, due to the problematic containment of pollutant emissions worldwide, the process of global warming is inevitable. Moreover, in urban environments, due to the strong anthropisation of the spatial context, these phenomena are often accentuated (e.g. urban heat islands). At the same time, the detrimental effects of the aforementioned process are often combined with other pre-existing risks linked to urbanisation in areas of high natural risk (e.g. hydrogeological and volcanic risk).
In this context, the first examples of the application of measures for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in urban areas are recorded in formulating the latest generation of urban plans. In this respect, natural-based solutions (NBS) are becoming favoured. These measures have a twofold beneficial effect on the urban reality, i.e. adaptation to the effects of climate change and increased renaturalisation of the urban area, with consequent mitigation of other natural hazards.
The present contribution aims to offer an analysis of the main NBSs applicable in an urban context and on different scales (from urban to building) and an applicative example related to their integration into territorial governance tools. In particular, the municipality of Cercola, a territorial context with a high natural risk in the Vesuvian area, has been analysed as a case study.


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Author Biographies

Giuseppe Mazzeo, National Research Council - Institute for Studies on the Mediterranean (CNR – ISMed), Naples, Italy

Researcher at the National Research Council, Institute for Studies on the Mediterranean (CNR-ISMed) in Naples. Professor of “Environmental Impact Assessment” at the Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Naples Parthenope. Professor of “Urban Planning Technique” at the School of Engineering of University of Naples Federico II. He carries out research activity in cooperation with the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering (DICEA, University of Naples Federico II) in regional planning, strategic environmental assessment, urban planning with a special focus on urban regeneration.

Salvatore Polverino, Department of Architecture and Design University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Salvatore Polverino, Building Engineer-Architect and PhD in Architecture and Design. He is currently a course leader on subjects of the scientific disciplinary sector of Architectural Engineering at the University of Genoa. Research fellow on the applications of advanced materials in the construction sector. He collaborates with research institutes and companies operating in the construction sector.


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How to Cite
MazzeoG., & PolverinoS. (2023). Nature-based solution for climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban areas with high natural risk. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 16(1), 47-65.