Illusione ed errore. Il dogma dell’intuizione e le avventure fenomenologiche di Max Scheler

  • Stefano Besoli Università degli Studi di Bologna
Parole chiave: Error, Illusion, Intuition, Phenomenology, Scheler


This essay examines some of the main aspects of Max Scheler’s conception of phenomenology, starting from some of the early writings previous to the Formalismusbuch in which he analyzes the theme of self-deception and the idols of Self-Knowledge. Scheler, to whom Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology had no meaning, attacked the self-evidence of inner perception on a much larger scale. For him, inner perception, or more specifically self-perception, was as susceptible to illusion as external knowledge; in fact, Scheler thought it to be even more exposed to such risk. In an attempt to demonstrate this, Scheler went back to Bacon’s general doctrine of the idols with an investigation of the sources of illusions in the field of self-knowledge. In this essay I move from an analysis of the peculiar version of Scheler’s phenomenology and of its attitude – through which we enter into an immediate intuitive relationship with things, so that phenomenological facts or “whatness” are always fully given and are now beyond the range of all possible illusions, in order to contrast it with the Husserlian doctrine of perceptual illusion, developed in the context of the genealogy of logic and with reference to the theme of transcendent perception and of antepredicative experience.


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Come citare
BesoliS. (2018). Illusione ed errore. Il dogma dell’intuizione e le avventure fenomenologiche di Max Scheler. Bollettino Filosofico, 33, 8-51.