The small smart city: renewable energy sources in little town of Italy

  • Romano Fistola Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
  • Federica Gaglione Department of Engineering, University Sannio, Benevento, Italy
  • Ida Zingariello Department of Engineering, University Sannio, Benevento, Italy
Keywords: Urban Planning;, Renewable energy sources;, Municipal urban plan (PUC)


The topic of energy has burst into the international and national scientific debate. Urban systems have taken on a fundamental role in having to support technological progress aimed at increasing renewable energy sources such as wind power. On the one hand, the scientific community has concentrated its studies on optimization models to support the energy organization of territorial contexts and on the other, on identifying optimal strategies within complex management systems. In turn, many efforts have also been made in the development of support tools for the improvement of urban energy systems to support decision-making processes. Wind energy is a valid option to improve the economic conditions in the region and reduce the environmental impact, even if the regulatory framework, especially in Italy, has shown structural deficiencies. In this direction, the work takes its cue from a scientific technical consultancy of the Department of Engineering of the University of Sannio and of the Department of Civil, Environmental, Land, Construction and Chemistry Engineering of the Polytechnic of Bari in support of the technical office of the municipality of Biccari (FG) in the definition of the guidelines for the drafting of the General Urban Plan.


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Author Biographies

Romano Fistola, Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

After earning a Master of Science degree with honors from the Faculty of Architecture at the University of Naples Federico II, he became a full professor at the Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, also at the University of Naples Federico II. He previously served as an associate professor at the Department of Engineering at the University of Sannio, and as a visiting researcher at the Center for Urban and Regional Development Studies (CURDS) at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (UK). He has also been elected as a member of the Board of the Italian Regional Science Association (AISRe) and currently serves as an elected member of the regional steering committee of the National Institute of Urban Planning (INU) Campania. Additionally, he collaborates on several research projects in the field of urban and regional planning. His primary research interests include the city as a complex system, smart cities, digital urban twins, augmented reality and the city, urban entropy, temporary cities, urban risk and climate change, and urban functions and transport interactions.

Federica Gaglione, Department of Engineering, University Sannio, Benevento, Italy

She is an engineer, PostDoc research fellow at Department of Engineering, University of Sannio, Benevento, Italy. She received her Ph.D in Civil Systems Engineering at the University of Naples Federico II. The research topics addressed in recent years refer to accessibility to proximity services for vulnerable groups of the population. From August to December 2019, she served as a Visiting Researcher at the University of Aberdeen (UK) and from July to September 2022 Visiting Researcher at the University of Edinburgh (UK) carrying out research on urban accessibility in the context of climate change and sustainability, leveraging geographic big data through GIS and programming languages.

Ida Zingariello, Department of Engineering, University Sannio, Benevento, Italy

She is architect and BIM expert is PhD Student in Information Technologies for Engineering at the University of Sannio. In 2014 she attended the University Master’s in “Progettista Esperto in Tecnologie Emergenti” at IN/ARCH-Istituto Nazionale di Architettura and in 2018 the University Master’s "BIM-Building Information Modeling" at Sapienza University of Rome. Expert in Digital Architecture, she collaborated with a lot of architectural offices around the world investigating the interface between real and virtual architecture.


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How to Cite
FistolaR., GaglioneF., & ZingarielloI. (2023). The small smart city: renewable energy sources in little town of Italy. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 16(1), 183-199.